Synopses & Reviews
Most emigration from England was voluntary, self-financed, and pursued by people who, while expecting to improve their economic prospects, were also critical of the areas in which they first settled.
The exodus from England that gathered pace during the 19th century accounted for the greatest part of the total emigration from Britain to Canada. And yet, while copious emigration studies have been undertaken on the Scots and the Irish, very little has been written about the English in Canada.
Drawing on wide-ranging data collected from English record offices and Canadian archives, Lucille Campey considers why people left England and traces their destinations in Ontario and Quebec. A mass of detailed information relating to pioneer settlements and ship crossings has been distilled to provide new insights on how, why, and when Ontario and Quebec acquired their English settlers. Challenging the widely held assumption that emigration was primarily a flight from poverty, Campey reveals how the ambitious and resourceful English were strongly attracted by the greater freedoms and better livelihoods that could be achieved by relocating to Canada's central provinces.
As with Lucille Campey's previous books, Seeking a Better Future is a major addition to the literature for those looking for insight into their pioneer immigrant ancestor experience, in this case the English in Quebec and Ontario. Anglo-Celtic Connections
[Lucille Campey] has distilled a copious amount of research into an informative and engaging book that clearly addresses the English immigration to Upper and Lower Canada during the 1800s. I would highly recommend this book for those interested in this period of immigration to Canada. The British Columbia Genealogist
Seeking a Better Future is the first major study of emigration from England to Ontario and Quebec. Extensively documented with previously unpublished passenger lists and details of more than 2,000 ship crossings, the book provides insights on how, why, and when Ontario and Quebec acquired their English settlers.
About the Author
Lucille H. Campey was born in Ottawa. A professional researcher and historian, she has a master's degree in medieval history from Leeds University and a Ph.D. from Aberdeen University in emigration history. She is the author of eleven books on early British emigration to Canada. She lives near Salisbury in Wiltshire, England.
Table of Contents
List of Maps
List of Tables
Chapter 1 Canada’s Appeal to the English
Chapter 2 The Loyalist immigrants
Chapter 3 South and west of Montreal
Chapter 4 The Eastern Townships
Chapter 5 The Ottawa Valley
Chapter 6 West along Lake Ontario
Chapter 7 The Lake Erie and Thames Valley Settlements
Chapter 8 The rest of the Western Peninsula
Chapter 9 Later emigration from England
Chapter 10 The Sea Crossing
Chapter 11 The English in Ontario and Quebec
Appendix I: Emigrant ship crossings from English ports to the port of Quebec
About the Author
List of Maps
1. Reference map of England
2. Reference map of Ontario and Quebec
3. Loyalist placements along the Richelieu River, 1775-1785
4. Loyalists in Upper Canada
5. Loyalists in the Gaspé Peninsula
6. Yorkshire origins of the Lacolle settlers
7. English settlers in the Chateauguay and Richelieu valleys
8. English settlers in Vaudreuil County
9. English concentrations in the Eastern Townships
10. Parish-assisted emigration from Norfolk and Suffolk to the Eastern Townships, 1835-37
11. English concentrations in Argenteuil County
12. English concentrations in the Ottawa Valley
13. English concentrations in Northumberland, Peterborough, Durham, Victoria, Ontario, York, Simcoe, Peel and Halton counties
14. English concentrations in Elgin, Middlesex, Oxford and Brant counties
15. English concentrations in Essex and Kent counties
16. Principal locations of the Petworth settlers in Upper Canada in the 1830s, based on the addresses given in their letters
17. English concentrations in Wellington, Waterloo, Perth, Huron, Bruce and Grey counties
18. English concentrations in Northern Ontario
List of Tables
1. People from Kettlestone parish in Norfolk who wished to emigrate to the Eastern Townships, 1836.
2. An account of the first settlement of Hull Township, 1820.
3. Payments made to poor people from Alston parish (Cumberland) who are to emigrate to Upper Canada in 1832.
4. Emigrant departures from English ports to Quebec by region.
5. Paupers assisted to emigrate from Stockbury parish (Kent) to Upper Canada in 1837.
6. Paupers from Brinkworth parish (Wiltshire) who sailed from London to Quebec in 1842 in the Eliza.
7. Passengers from Brinkworth parish (Wiltshire) who sailed from London to Quebec in 1843 in the Toronto.
8. Passengers from Brinkworth parish (Wiltshire) who sailed from London to Quebec in 1847 in the Lloyd.
9. Passengers from Brinkworth parish (Wiltshire) who sailed from London to Quebec in 1852 in the Leonard Dobbin.
10. Destitute Chelsea Pensioners who had settled in Medonte Township (Simcoe County) by 1833.
11. Receipts for Downton emigrant accommodation and food/drink while staying at the Quebec Hotel, Portsmouth, May 19-24, 1835.
12. Passenger list for the crossing of the King William in April, 1836 from London to Quebec with 279 paupers from Wiltshire.
13. Emigration expenses funded by East Drayton parish (Nottinghamshire) in 1846 on behalf of the Hempstall family.
14. Partial passenger list for the crossing of the Caroline in May, 1832 from London to Quebec.
15. Working Men’s National Emigration Association: list of people from London who went to Lennoxville in the Eastern Townships, 1870.
16. Cotton workers from Bolton in Lancashire who emigrated to Ontario and Quebec, 1912-1927.
17. Selected Emigrant Ships: Ship Quality and Passenger Numbers.