Introduction: Active Reading.
I. BECOMING A SKILLED READER.
1. A Reading System for Skilled Readers
The Reading Process.
Textbook Skills: Before, During, and After Reading—Asking Questions and Recording Answers.
2. Vocabulary in Context.
The Importance of Words.
Context Clues: A SAGE Approach.
Textbook Skills: Visual Vocabulary.
3. Vocabulary-Building Skills.
Additional Word Parts.
Textbook Skills: Textbook Aids for Learning Content Words.
4. Topics and Main Ideas.
Textbook Skills: Topics in Headings.
5. Locating Stated Main Ideas.
The Flow of Ideas and Placement of Topic Sentences.
Textbook Skills: The Central Point and the Thesis Statement.
6. Supporting Details, Outlines, and Concept Maps.
Questions for Locating Supporting Details.
Major and Minor Details.
Textbook Skills: Ideas from General to Specific: Creating a Summary.
7. Outlines and Concept Maps.
Textbooks Skills: The Table of Contents in a Textbook.
8. Transitions and Thought Patterns.
The Purpose of Transitions and Thought Patterns.
Transition Words: Relationships Within a Sentence.
Thought Patterns: Relationships Between Sentences.
Textbook Skills: Transitions and Clear Information.
9. More Thought Patterns.
Comparison and Contrast Patterns.
Cause and Effect Pattern.
The Generalization-and-Example. Pattern.
Textbook Skills: The Definition Pattern.
Final Note: Though Patterns and Textbooks.
10. Implied Main Ideas.
An Introduction to Implied Main Ideas
Studying Supporting Details to Identify the State and Topic
Using Topics, Supporting Details, and Thought Patterns to Determine the Implied Main Idea.
Annotating the Paragraph to Determine the Implied Main Idea.
Creating a One-Sentence Summary from Supporting Details.
Textbook Skills: Pictures as Details.
Inferences: Educated Guesses.
What is a Valid Inference?
Making VALID Inferences and Avoiding Invalid Conclusions.
Thinking Through an Inference and Drawing Conclusions.
Textbook Skills: Inferences and Photos.
II. ADDITIONAL READINGS.
The Connection Between Reading and Writing.
1. “What You Need to Know,” Ben Stein.
2. “Stuff Is Not Salvation,” Anna Quindlen.
3. “Hard Times, A Helping Hand,” Ted Gup.
4. “Firestorm,” Leslie Hall.
5. “My Home at Mankiller Flats,” Wilma Mankiller.
6. “To Any Would-be Terrorists,” Naomi Shihab Nye.
7. “What is Islam?” Susan Douglass.
8. “I Have a Dream” (August 28, 1964), Martin Luther King, Jr.
9. “Election Night Victory Speech” (November 4, 2008), Barack Obama.
10. “A Man with No Eyes,” Mackinlay Kantor (short story).
III. COMBINED SKILLS TESTS.
IV. READING ENRICHMENT
Appendix A: ESL Reading Tips.
Appendix B: Reading Graphics.
Appendix C: Word Parts.