Synopses & Reviews
In both Europe and America, the landscape of social policies has undergone fundamental changes in recent decades, especially in endeavors to develop new welfare arrangements. How does this affect citizenship-at-large as defined by the Marshallian triad of personal, democratic, and social rights?
Taking nine European countries as case studies, the contributions analyze the ways that citizenship has changed in key areas such as social security, labor market policies, and social services. Other chapters concentrate on the theoretical and conceptual challenges that result from the interrelation of changing social policies with different notions of citizenship. Trends in welfare reform have become harder to interpret. They are no longer about simple reductions in social services and entitlements, or a decline in social citizenship; the terms of debate have shifted. In a postindustrial world, individuals are afforded more mobility, autonomy, and responsibility. Security is being reexamined in light of the new risks stemming from a worldwide knowledge-based economy.
Behind the diversity of changes there is a unified agenda taking shape, characterized with concepts like activation, social investments, concerns with inclusion, and the strengthening of links between rights and responsibilities. The contributions in this volume represent an insightful look at the debate between the determination to curb social spending and a new model of an activist state ready to make social investments.
"This volume brings a fresh and innovative perspective to the study of welfare state change. Social reforms are not seen as mere reactions to neo-liberal imperatives, but as attempts at establishing new patterns of rights and responsibilities in a context of changing risks, needs and life courses. The authors discuss the emergence of a 'post-Marshallian citizenship,' which-if appropriately cultivated-can inspire institutional innovation at both the national and EU level. The book is a must-read for all those interested in exploring the frontiers of contemporary social policy and its scientific analysis." -- Maurizio Ferrera, Professor of Social and Labor Market Policy, University of Milan
"In a 1949 essay outlining the concepts of social citizenship that would dominate the post-WWII development of welfare states, T.H. Marshall noted that 'in the twentieth century, citizenship and the capitalist class system have been at war.' It's a war that has raged on into the 21st century. In Social Policy and Citizenship, Evers and Guillemard examine and extend Marshall's definition of social citizenship, while tracking the past three decades of battles in both western and eastern European nations. They analyze the 'social investment strategy' that was designed to augment the welfare state's system of compensation in labor markets, social services, and social security policies-and warn that, in a post-2008 global economy, it may backfire, and destroy what it was designed to augment." -- Stephan Leibfried, Professor of Public and Welfare Policy and Director of the Transformations of the State Research Center, University of Bremen and Jacobs University Bremen
About the Author
Adalbert Evers, PhD,
is Professor for Comparative Health and Social Policy at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen, Germany.
Anne-Marie Guillemard, PhD, is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne.
Table of Contents
Part I. General
1. Introduction: Marshall's Concept of Citizenship and Contemporary Welfare Reconfiguration
Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard
2. Towards a Post-Marshallian Framework for the Analysis of Social Citizenship
Håkan Johansson and Björn Hvinden
3. Changing Perspectives on Social Citizenship: A Cross-time Comparison
4. Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obligations
5. To What Extent Can the European Union Deliver "Social Citizenship" to Its Citizens?
Part II. Country Cases: Western Europe
6. Social Citizenship in New Labour's New "Active" Welfare State: The Case of the United Kingdom
7. Changes in Social Citizenship in France in a Comparative Perspective: "Activation Strategies" and Their Traces
8. Italy: A Territorial and Generational Divide in Social Citizenship
9. A Fuzzy Picture. Social Citizenship in Post-corporatist Germany
10. The Iron Law of Rights: Citizenship and Individual Empowerment in Modern Sweden
Lars Trägårdh and Lars Svedberg
Part III. Country Cases: Eastern Europe
11. The Policy of Activation in the Czech Republic and Citizenship Rights
12. Fragmented Social Rights in Hungary's Post-communist Welfare State
13. The Two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens
14. Discourses on Social Rights in the Czech Republic
Part IV. Conclusions
15. Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship
Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard