Synopses & Reviews
The one-stop reference source for fundamentals, advances and intriguing problems in solid-state electrochemistry. This important and rapidly developing scientific field integrates many aspects of conventional electrochemical science and engineering, materials science, solid-state chemistry and physics, heterogeneous catalysis and other areas of physical chemistry. The range of practical applications includes many types of batteries, fuel cells, electrochemical pumps and compressors, solid state electrolyzers and electrocatalytic reactors, synthesis of new materials with improved properties and corrosion protection, supercapacitors, accumulators, sensors, electrochromic and memory devices.
The second volume contains brief reviews dealing with the ionic memory and fuel cell technologies, ceramic membranes and composites, nanostructured ionic and mixed conductors, novel electrode materials for a variety of solid-state electrochemical cells, selected theoretical aspects, and numerous factors related to interfacial and surface processes, stability and reliability of the electrochemical appliances. As for the previous volume "Fundamentals, Materials and their Applications", particular emphasis is centered on the general methodological aspects, reference information and recent advances. Due to the highly interdisciplinary nature of the topic, this handbook is of great interest to industrial and academic researchers, engineers and postgraduate students specializing in all related areas of science and technology.
The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, this second volume combines fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in this important, interdisciplinary and rapidly developing field.
Written primarily for specialists working in solid state electrochemistry, this first comprehensive handbook on the topic focuses on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects and practical applications. This makes the contents equally of interest to material, physical and industrial scientists, and to physicists.
Also available as a two-volume set.
The one-stop reference source for fundamentals, advances and intriguing problems in solid-state electrochemistry. This important and rapidly developing scientific field integrates many aspects of conventional electrochemical science and engineering, materials science, solid-state chemistry and physics, heterogeneous catalysis and other areas of physical chemistry. It has already found practical applications in many types of batteries, fuel cells, electrochemical pumps and compressors, gas separation membranes, solid-state electrolyzers, electrocatalytic reactors, super-capacitors, electrochromic and memory devices, various sensors, corrosion protection, and in the synthesis of new materials with improved properties.
Combining fundamental information with an overview of the role of ceramic membranes, electrodes and interfaces in solid state electrochemistry, particular attention is focused on the most important developments over the last decade, as well as the methodological and theoretical aspects, together with practical applications.
Due to the highly interdisciplinary nature of the topic, this comprehensive handbook is of great interest to industrial and academic researchers, engineers and postgraduate students specializing in all related areas of science and technology.
The ideal addition to the companion volume on fundamentals, methodologies, and applications, and also available as a two-volume set.
About the Author
Vladislav Kharton is a principal investigator at the Department of Ceramics and Glass Engineering, University of Aveiro (Portugal). Having received his doctoral degree in physical chemistry from the Belarus State University in 1993, he has published over 280 scientific papers in international SCI journals, including 10 reviews, and coauthored over 40 papers in other refereed journals and volumes, 3 books and 2 patents. He is a topical editor of the Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, regional editor of Recent Patents on Material Science, and member of the editorial boards of Materials Letters, The Open Condensed Matter Physics Journal, and Processing and Application of Ceramics. In 2004, he received the Portuguese Science Foundation prize for Scientific Excellence.
Table of Contents
IONIC MEMORY TECHNOLOGY
Ionic Memory Switching Mechanism
Materials and their Properties
Electrical Characteristics of Ionic Memories
Architectures for Ionic Memories
Advantages and Challenges of Ionic Memories
Applications of Ionic Memories
COMPOSITE SOLID ELECTROLYTES
Interfacial Interactions and Defect Equilibria in Composite Electrolytes
Size Effects in Nanocomposite Solid Electrolytes
Conductivity of Composite Solid Electrolytes
Other Physicochemical Properties
Design of the Composite Electrolytes
Composite Materials Operating at Elevated Temperatures
Current Status and Future Prospects
ADVANCES IN THE THEORETICAL DESCRIPTION OF SOLID-ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS INTERFACES
DYNAMICAL INSTABILITIES IN ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES
Origin and Classification of Dynamical Instabilities in Electrochemical Systems
Control of Dynamics
Summary and Outlook
FUEL CELLS: ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES
Alkaline and Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells and Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Emerging Fuel Cells
ELECTRODES FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS: NOVEL MATERIALS AND SELECTED METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS
Novel Cathode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Selected Trends and Compositions
Oxide and Cermet SOFC Anodes: Relevant Trends
Other Fuel Cell Concepts: Single-Chamber, Micro- and Symmetrical SOFCs
Alternative Fuels: Direct-Hydrocarbon and Direct-Carbon SOFCs
Electrode Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells with Proton-Conducting Electrolytes
Electrolyzers, Reactors and Other Applications Based on Oxygen Ion- and Proton-Conducting Solid Electrolytes
ADVANCES IN FABRICATION, CHARACTERIZATION, TESTING AND DIAGNOSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE ELECTRODES FOR PEM FUEL CELLS
Advanced Fabrication Methods for High-Performance Electrodes
Characterization of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes
Testing and Diagnosis of PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes
NANOSTRUCTURED ELECTRODES FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES
Positive Electrodes: Nanoparticles, Nanoarchitectures and Coatings
MATERIALS SCIENCE ASPECTS RELEVANT FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Powder Preparation, Forming Processes and Sintering Phenomena
Cation Diffusion and Kinetic Demixing Phenomena
Thermodynamic Stability of Materials
OXYGEN- AND HYDROGEN-PERMEABLE DENSE CERAMIC MEMBRANES
Structure of Membrane Materials
Synthesis and Permeation Experimental Methods
Gas Permeation Models
Characteristics of Oxygen-Permeable Membranes
Characteristics of Hydrogen-Permeable Membranes
Applications of Membranes
Summary and Conclusions
INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN MIXED CONDUCTING MEMBRANES: SURFACE OXYGEN EXCHANGE- AND MICROSTRUCTURE-RELATED FACTORS
Microstructural Effects in Mixed Conducting Membranes
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Stability