Synopses & Reviews
Concentrating on the history of ideas, this primary source reader has been a market leader among sourcebooks for years. As in previous editions, introductory essays and review questions accompany the text's readings. Approximately one-third of the sources in the fifth edition are new, and there is a new prologue called "Examining Primary Sources," which is designed to demystify the often frustrating process of understanding and analyzing primary source documents for students.
A new concluding chapter, "The West in an Age of Globalism," includes coverage of emerging topics such as immigration and ethnic minorities, increasing globalization, and the birth of a united Europe. This chapter also features a new source that deals with the terrorist attacks of September 11th and connects them to the larger world.
This successful two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. Each of its 300 sources is accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions.
With a collection of 300 sources--each accompanied by an introductory essay and review questions--this two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. The Sixth Edition features additional sources by and about women, as well as new attention to documents dealing with social and cultural issues. This reader works as an accompaniment to any Western Civilization course, but makes an ideal companion for Perry's Western Civilization, 7/e, or Western Civilization: A Brief History, 5/e.
About the Author
Marvin Perry, now retired, taught history at Baruch College, City University of New York. He has published several successful Cengage Learning texts, including WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY (senior author and general editor); WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY; the leading Western Civilization reader, SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION; AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE; SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY SINCE 1900 (senior editor); HUMANITIES IN THE WESTERN TRADITION (senior author and general editor); and WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: A CONCISE HISTORY. His scholarly work includes ARNOLD TOYNBEE AND THE WESTERN TRADITION (1996); coauthor of ANTISEMITISM: MYTH AND HATE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT (2002); coeditor of ANTISEMITIC MYTHS: A HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ANTHOLOGY (2008); and coeditor of THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: AN ANTHOLOGY (2008). Dr. Perry's scholarly work focuses on the history of ideas.
Table of Contents
Prologue: Examining Primary Sources Introduction: The Middle Ages and the Modern World I. Early Modern Europe 1. The Rise of Modernity 1. The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity. Petrarch: The Father of Humanism; Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program 2. Human Dignity. Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man 3. Break with Medieval Political Theory. Niccolò Machiavelli: The Prince 4. The Lutheran Reformation. Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy 5. Justification of Absolute Monarchy by Divine Right. James I: True Law of Free Monarchies and A Speech to Parliament 6. A Secular Defense of Absolutism. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan 7. The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution. The English Declaration of Rights 2. The Scientific Revolution 1. The Copernican Revolution. Nicolaus Copernicus: On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres; Cardinal Bellarmine: Attack on the Copernican Theory 2. Expanding the New Astronomy. Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger 3. Critique of Authority. Galileo Galiei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican 4. Prophet of Modern Science. Francis Bacon: Attack on Authority and Advocacy of Experimental Science 5. The Autonomy of the Mind. Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method 6. The Mechanical Universe. Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica 3. The Enlightenment 1. The Enlightenment Outlook. Immanuel Kant: What Is Enlightenment? 2. Political Liberty. John Locke: Second Treatise on Government; Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence 3. Attack on the Old Regime. Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason 4. Attack on Religion. Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason; Baron d'Holbach: Good Sense 5. Epistemology and Education. John Locke: Essay Concerning Human Understanding; John Locke: Some Thoughts Concerning Education; Claude Helvetius: Essays on the Mind and A Treatise on Man; Jean Jacques Rousseu: Émile 6. Compendium of Knowledge. Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia 7. Rousseau: Political Reform. Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract 8. Judicial and Penal Reform. Caesare Beccaria: On Crimes and Punishments; John Howard: Prisons in England and Wales 9. Questioning European Values. Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville 10. Slavery Condemned. Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia "Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce...."; Marquis de Condorcet: The Evils of Slavery; John Wesley: Thoughts Upon Slavery 11. On the Progress of Humanity. Marquis de Condorcet: Progress of the Human Mind II. Modern Europe 4. The French Revolution 1. Abuses of the Old Regime. Arthur Young: Plight of the French Peasants; Grievances of the Third Estate; Emmanuel Sieyès: Bourgeois Disdain for Special Privileges of the Aristocracy 2. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens 3. Expansion of Human Rights. Mary Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the Rights of Woman; Society of the Friends of Blacks: Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade; Petition of the Jews of Paris, Alsace, and Lorraine to the National Assembly, January 28, 1790 4. The Jacobin Regime. The Levy in Mass; Maximilien Robespierre: Republic of Virtue 5. Demands for Economic Justice. Gracchus Babeuf: Conspiracy of the Equals 6. Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution. Napoleon Bonaparte: Leader, General, Tyrant, Reformer 5. The Industrial Revolution 1. Early Industrialization. Edward Baines: Britain's Industrial Advantages and the Factory System; Adam Smith: The Division of Labor 2. The Capitalist Ethic. Samuel Smiles: Self-Help and Thrift 3. Factory Discipline. Factory Rules 4. The Dark Side of Industrialization. Sadler Commission: Report on Child Labor 5. The New Science of Political Economy. Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations; Thomas R. Malthus: On the Principle of Population 6. Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution 1. Romanticism. William Wordsworth: Tables Turned; William Blake: Milton 2. Conservatism. Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France; Klemens von Metternich: The Odious Ideas of The Philosophs; Joseph de Maistre: Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions 3. Liberalism. John Stuart Mill: On Liberty 4. Nationalism and Repression in Germany. Ernst Moritz Arndt: The War of Liberation; Heinrich von Gagern: The Call for German Unity; Karlsbad Decrees 5. The Spread of Liberal Ideals to Russia. The Revolt Against Tsarist Autocracy 6. The Call for Italian Unity. Giuseppe Mazzini: Young Italy 7. 1848: The Year of Revolutions. Alexis de Tocqueville: The June Days; Carl Schurz: Revolution Spreads to the German States 7. Thought and Culture in an Age of Science and Industry 1. Realism and Naturalism. Vissarion Belinsky: The Poetry of Reality; Émile Zola: The Experimental Novel; Charles Dickens: Hard Times 2. Theory of Evolution. Charles Darwin: Natural Selection 3. Darwinism and Religion. Andrew D. White: A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology 4. The Socialist Revolution. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto 5. The Evolution of Liberalism. L.T. Hobhouse: Justification for State Intervention; Herbert Spencer: The Man Versus the State 8. Politics and Society, 1845-1914 1. The Irish Potato Famine. Poulett Scrope: Evictions; Nicholas Cummins: The Famine in Skibbereen 2. The Lower Classes. Jeanne Bouvier: The Pains of Poverty; Nikolaus Osterroth: The Yearning for Social Justice; William Booth: In Darkest England; M.I. Pokrovskaia: Working Conditions for Women in Russian Factories 3. Prostitution. Henry Mayhew: Prostitution in Victorian London; Guy de Maupassant: The Odyssey of a Prostitute; William W. Sanger: Prostitution in Hamburg 4. Feminism and Antifeminism. John Stuart Mill: The Subjection of Women; Emmeline Pankhurst: Why We Are Militant; The Goncourt Brothers: On Female Inferiority; Almroth E. Wright: The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage 5. Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational. Hermann Ahlwardt: The Semitic Versus the Teutonic Race; Édouard Drumont: Jewish France; The Kishinev Pogrom, 1903; Theodor Herzl: The Jewish State 9. European Imperialism 1. The Spirit of British Imperialism. Cecil Rhodes: Confession of Faith; Joseph Chamberlain: The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and "The White Man's Burden"; Karl Pearson: Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature; John Atkinson Hobson: An Early Critique of Imperialism 2. Seeking a Place in the Sun. Friedrich Fabri: Does Germany Need Colonies?; Paul Leroy-Beaulieu: Colonization among Modern People 3. European Rule in Africa. Cecil Rhodes and Lo Bengula: Imperialism in Practice; Edmund Morel: The Black Man's Burden; Richard Meinertzhagen: An Embattled Colonial Officer in East Africa; Albert Schweitzer: A Concerned Doctor in Tropical Africa 4. British Rule in India. Lord Lytton: Speech to the Calcutta Legislature, 1878; Mohandas K. Gandhi: Passive Resistance 10. Modern Consciousness 1. The Overman and the Will to Power. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power and The Antichrist 2. The Unconscious. Sigmund Freud: The Unconscious, Psychoanalysis, and Civilization and Its Discontents 3. The Political Potential of the Irrational. Georges Sorel: Reflections on Violence; Gustave Le Bon: Mass Psychology III. Western Civilization in Crisis 11. World War I 1. Militarism and Anti-Militarism. Heinrich von Treitschke: The Greatness of War; Friedrich von Bernhardi: Germany and the Next War; Karl Liebknecht: "Militarism...Impedes...Progress in Civilization" 2. Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism. The Black Hand; Baron von Giesl: Austrian Response to the Assassination 3. War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals. Roland Doregelès: Paris: "That Fabulous Day"; Stefan Zweig: Vienna: "The Rushing Feeling of Fraternity"; Philipp Scheidemann: Berlin: "The Hour We Yearned For"; Bertrand Russell: London: "Average Men and Women Were Delighted at the Prospect of War" 4. Trench Warfare. Erich Maria Remarque: All Quiet on the Western Front; Siegfried Sassoon: Base Details; Wilfred Owen: Disabled 5. Women at War. Naomi Loughnan: Genteel Women in the Factories; Magda Trott: Opposition to Female Employment 6. The Paris Peace Conference. Woodrow Wilson: The Idealistic View; Georges Clemenceau: French Demands for Security and Revenge; German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference: A Peace of Might 7. The Bolshevik Revolution. Army Intelligence Report: The Breakdown of Military Discipline; N.N. Sukhanov: Trotsky Arouses the People; V.I. Lenin: The Call to Power 8. The War and European Consciousness. Paul Valery: Disillusionment; Erich Maria Remarque: The Lost Generation; Ernst von Salomon: Brutalization of the Individual; Sigmund Freud: A Legacy of Embitterment 12. Era of Totalitarianism 1. Modernize or Perish. Joseph Stalin: The Hard Line 2. Forced Collectivization. Joseph Stalin: Liquidation of the Kulaks; Lev Kopelev: Terror in the Countryside 3. Famine in Ukraine. Miron Dolot: Execution by Hunger 4. Soviet Indoctrination. A.O. Avdienko: The Cult of Stalin; Yevgeny Yevtushenko: Literature as Propaganda 5. Stalin's Terror. Nikita Khrushchev: Khrushchev's Secret Speech; Lev Razgon: True Stories 6. The Rise of Italian Fascism. Benito Mussolini: Fascist Doctrines 7. The Rise of Nazism. Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf; Kurt G. W. Ludecke: The Demagogic Orator; Thomas Mann: An Appeal to Reason 8. The Leader-State. Ernst Huber: "The Authority of the Führer Is...All-Inclusive and Unlimited" 9. The Nazification of Culture and Society. Alice Hamilton: The Youth Who Are Hitler's Strength; Johannes Stark: "Jewish Science" Versus "German Science"; Jakob Graf: Hereditary and Racial Biology for Students; Louis P. Lochner: Book Burning 10. Persecution of the Jews. Hertha Nathorff: A German Jewish Doctor's Diary; Marta Appel: Memoirs of a German Jewish Woman 11. The Anguish of the Intellectuals. Jose Ortega y Gasset: The Revolt of the Masses; Arthur Koestler: "I Was Ripe to be Converted"; Nicolas Berdyaev: Modern Ideologies at Variance with Christianity 13. World War II 1. Prescient Observers of Nazi Germany. Horace Rumbold: "Pacifism Is the Deadliest of Sins"; George S. Messersmith: "The Nazis Were After...Unlimited Territorial Expansion" 2. The Anschluss, March 1938. Stefan Zweig: The World of Yesterday 3. The Munich Agreement. Neville Chamberlain: In Defense of Appeasement; Winston Churchill: "A Disaster of the First Magnitude" 4. World War II Begins. Adolf Hitler: "Poland Will Be Depopulated and Settled with Germans" 5. The Fall of France. Heinz Guderian: "French Leadership...Could Not Grasp the Significance of the Tank in Mobile Warfare" 6. The Battle of Britain. Winston Churchill: "Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat" 7. Nazi Propaganda: for Volk, Führer, and Fatherland. The Indoctrination of the German Soldier 8. Stalingrad: A Turning Point. William Hoffman: Diary of a German Soldier; Anton Kuzmich Dragan: A Soviet Veteran Recalls; Joachim Wieder: Memories and Reassessments 9. The Holocaust. Hermann Graebe: Slaughter of Jews in the Ukraine; Rudolf Hoess: Commandant of Auschwitz; Y. Pfeffer: Concentration Camp Life and Death; Richard von Weizsäcker: "We Seek Reconciliation"; Elie Wiesel: Reflections of a Survivor 10. D-Day, June 6, 1944. Historical Division, War Department: Omaha Beachhead 11. The End of the Third Reich. Nerin E. Gun: The Liberation of Dachau; Joseph Goebbels: "The Morale of the German People, Both at Home and at the Front, Is Sinking Ever Lower"; Marie Neumann: "We're in the Hands of a Mob, Not Soldiers, and They're All Drunk out of Their Minds"; Adolf Hitler: Political Testament 14. Western Europe: The Dawn of a New Era 1. The Aftermath: Devastation and Demoralization. Stephen Spender: European Witness; Bruno Foa: Europe in Ruins 2. Germany Confronts Its Past. Hannah Vogt: The Burden of Guilt 3. The Cold War. Winston Churchill: "The Iron Curtain"; Nikita S. Khrushchev: Report to the Twentieth Party Congress 4. Communist Repression. Milovan Djilas: The New Class; Andor Heller: The Hungarian Revolution, 1956 5. The Twilight of Imperialism. Frantz Fanon: The Evils of Colonialism; Jawaharlal Nehru: India's Resentment of the British; Ndabaningi Sithole: Imperialism's Benefits by an Anti-Imperialist African IV. The Contemporary World 15. The West in an Age of Globalism 1. The Collapse of Communism. Vaclav Havel: The Failure of Communism 2. The New Russia: The Trauma of Transition from Communism. Georgi Arbatov: The Negative Consequences of "Shock Therapy" Capitalism; Svetlana P. Glinkina, Andre Grigoriev, and Vakhtang Yakobidze: Crime and Corruption 3. Ethnic Minorities. Enoch Powell: Bringing the Immigration Issue to the Center of Politics; Joachim Krautz: Violence and Xenophobia in Germany; Jörg Haider: Multiculturalism and Love of One's Country; Commission for the Abolishment of Sexual Mutilations: African Immigrants in France: The Controversy over Female Circumcision 4. Ethnic Cleansing: Slaughter in Yugoslavia. David Rieff: "The Enemy Is Not Human" 5. Genocide in Rwanda: Western Inaction. Mahmood Mamdani: Priests, Doctors, and Teachers Turn Genocidal 6. The Lingering Appeal of Fascism. Ingo Hasselbach: Inside the Neo-Nazi Scene 7. Globalization: Patterns and Problems. Thomas L. Friedman: Globalization as an International System; Abbas Amanat: Islamic Terrorism; Jacques Ellul: The Betrayal of the West