Synopses & Reviews
Important text offers lucid explanation of how to regulate variables and maintain control over statistics in order to achieve quality control over manufactured products, crops and data. Topics include statistical control, establishing limits of variability, measurements of physical properties and constants, and specification of accuracy and precision. First inexpensive paperback edition.
Synopsis
The application of statistical methods in mass production make possible the most efficient use of raw materials and manufacturing processes, economical production, and the highest standards of quality for manufactured goods. In this classic volume, based on a series of ground-breaking lectures given to the Graduate School of the Department of Agriculture in 1938, Dr. Shewhart illuminated the fundamental principles and techniques basic to the efficient use of statistical method in attaining statistical control, establishing tolerance limits, presenting data, and specifying accuracy and precision.
In the first chapter, devoted to statistical control, the author broadly defines the three steps in quality control: specification, production, and inspection; then outlines the historical background of quality control. This is followed by a rigorous discussion of the physical and mathematical states of statistical control, statistical control as an operation, the significance of statistical control and the future of statistics in mass production.
Chapter II offers a thought-provoking treatment of the problem of establishing limits of variability, including the meaning of tolerance limits, establishing tolerance limits in the simplest cases and in practical cases, and standard methods of measuring. Chapter III explores the presentation of measurements of physical properties and constants. Among the topics considered are measurements presented as original data, characteristics of original data, summarizing original data (both by symmetric functions and by Tchebycheff's theorem), measurement presented as meaningful predictions, and measurement presented as knowledge.
Finally, Dr. Shewhart deals with the problem of specifying accuracy and precision -- the meaning of accuracy and precision, operational meaning, verifiable procedures, minimum quantity of evidence needed for forming a judgment and more.
Now available for the first time in this inexpensive paperbound format, this highly respected study will be welcomed by mathematics students, engineers, researchers in industry and agriculture -- anyone in need of a lucid, well-written explanation of how to regulate variable and maintain control over statistics in order to achieve quality control over manufactured products, crops, and data.
Synopsis
Important text explains regulation of variables, uses of statistical control to achieve quality control in industry, agriculture, other areas.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER I-STATISTICAL CONTROL INTRODUCTION SOME IMPORTANT HISTORICAL STAGES IN THE CONTROL OF QUALITY THE STATE OF STATISTICAL CONTROL STATISTICAl. CONTROL AS AN OPERATION THE JUDGMENT OF STATISTICAL CONTROL THE SIGNIFICANCE OF STATISTICAL CONTROL THE FUTURE OF STATISTICS IN MASS PRODUCTION CHAPTER II-HOW ESTABLISH LIMITS OF VARIABILITY? WHAT IS INVOLVED IN THE PROBLEM? THE PROBLEM FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF STATISTICAL THEORY HOW ESTABLISH TOLERANCE LIMITS IN THE SIMPLEST CASE? HOW ESTABLISH TOLERANCE LIMITS IN THE PRACTICAL CASE? FURTHER CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING TOLERANCE LIMITS CHAPTER III-THE PRESENTATION OF THE RESULTS OF MEASUREMENTS OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND CONSTANTS THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM THREE COMPONENTS OF KNOWLEDGE~EVIDENCE, PREDICTION, DEGREE OF BELIEF THE RESULTS OF MEASUREMENT PRESENTED AS ORIGINAL DATA THE RESULTS OF MEASUREMENT PRESENTED AS MEANINGFUL PREDICTIONS THE RESULTS OF MEASUREMENT PRESENTED AS KNOWLEDGE-IDEAL CONDITIONS THE RESULTS OF MEASUREMENT PRESENTED AS KNOWLEDGE-CUSTOMARY CONDITIONS CONCLUDING COMMENTS CHAPTER IV-THE SPECIFICATION OF ACCURACY AND PRECISION
VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM THE MEANING OF ACCURACY AND PRECISION-PRELIMINARY COMMENTS OPERATIONAL MEANING THE OPERATIONAL MEANING OF ACCURACY AND PRECISION CONCLUSIONS EPILOGUE
SOME COMMENTS ON SYMBOLS AND NOMENCLATURE