Synopses & Reviews
"No other book to date presents facial animation concepts, theory, and practical application with the authority that Stop Staring does."
Crafting believable facial animation is one of the most challenging, yet rewarding aspects of 3D graphics. Done right, this art breathes life into otherwise deadpan faces.
In this extraordinary book, professional animator Jason Osipa teaches you how to achieve realistic facial modeling and animation. Using detailed practical examples complemented with high-quality images and a touch of humor, Osipa leads you from design and modeling to rigging and animation. The CD and full-color insert demonstrate techniques you can use to fine-tune your facial animations.
Reviewed and approved by Alias|Wavefront, Stop Staring: Facial Modeling and Animation Done Right, uses the Academy Award® winning Maya® 3D animation and effects software as the focus for its examples, yet the principles and techniques are described in ways that will be helpful to anyone working on facial modeling and animation.
Mastering the Face
Start out by getting familiar with the range of possible facial expressions, then focus on animating and modeling the mouth, eyes and brows. When you’re ready to bring it all together, you can generate a scene from concept to completion. Topics covered include:
- Understanding how the whole face affects expression
- Learning visimes and lip sync techniques
- Constructing a mouth and mouth keys
- Building emotion through the eyes and brows
- Building interfaces to easily connect and control your models
- Skeletal setup, weighting, and rigging
Stop Staring is the first book to focus on this tricky yet satisfying art. Here, author and professional animator Jason Osipa shares what he's learned through several years of firsthand professional experience, offering a practical, heavily illustrated guide to one of the most challenging aspects of 3D animation.
Breathe life into your creations
With detailed examples, high-quality professional images, and a touch of humor, this is the fully revised and updated second edition of Jason Osipa's best-selling book on facial animation. You'll learn the basics of design, modeling, rigging, and animationwhile mastering exciting new techniques for stretch-and-squash deformation, advanced blend extraction, and the latest software tools. Walk through the author's detailed analysis of sample animations and discover how to add nuance and sophistication to your designs.
Full of insights drawn from years of professional experience, this book provides the focused and practical information you need to create believable facial animations.
- Learn visimes and lip sync techniques
Construct a mouth and mouth keys
Explore the process of facial landmarking
Master the cartoon techniques of squash and stretch
Harness the latest advanced blend extraction tools
Create interfaces for your faces
Understand skeletal setup, weighting, and rigging
Control faces with the book's powerful rig and learn how skin moves to make various shapes and expressions
Master powerful stretch-and-squash (and squoosh!) techniques
Featured on the CD
Fine-tune your facial animations with the techniques demonstrated on the companion CD. Content includes tutorial files, lip sync samples, models, textures, and more.
About the Author
Jason Osipais currently directing in San Francisco at LucasArts, where he also works with sister company ILM on new ways to converge the tools and techniques of games and film. He has been a working professional in 3D content for over 10 years, touching television, games, direct-to-video, and film in both Canada and the United States. Carrying titles from author to modeler to animator to technical director, Jason has seen and experienced the world of 3D content creation and instruction from all sides.
Table of Contents
PART I GETTING TO KNOW THE FACE.
Chapter 1 Learning the Basics of Lip Sync.
The Essentials of Lip Sync.
Starting with What’s Most Important: Visimes.
The Simplest Lip Sync.
Chapter 2 What the Eyes and Brows Tell Us.
The Two Major Brow Movements.
The Upper Lids’ Effect on Expression.
The Lower Lids’ Effect on Expression.
Eyelines: Perception vs. Reality.
Distraction Is the Enemy of Performance.
Chapter 3 Facial Landmarking.
Introduction to Landmarking.
Landmarking Mouth Creases.
Landmarking Brow Creases.
Landmarking the Tilt of the Head.
PART II ANIMATING AND MODELING THE MOUTH.
Chapter 4 Visimes and Lip Sync Technique.
Sync: Wide/Narrow Grows Up.
The Best Order of Sync Operations.
Sync Example 1: “What am I sayin’ in here?”
Sync Example 2: “Was it boys?”
Chapter 5 Constructing a Mouth and Nose.
The Best Edge Flow.
The Big Picture.
Building the Lips.
Building the Surrounding Mouth Area.
Building the Nose.
Connecting the Nose and Mouth.
Building the Tongue.
The Mouth Wall.
Chapter 6 Mouth Keys.
Order of Operations.
Preparing to Build a Key Set.
Default Shapes, Additive Shapes, and ss2_blend_taper.mel.
Building the Shapes.
PART III ANIMATING AND MODELING THE EYES AND BROWS.
Chapter 7 Building Emotion:The Basics of the Eyes.
Building an Upper Face for Practice.
Using “Box Head”.
Rules of the Game.
Continuing and Practicing.
Chapter 8 Constructing Eyes and Brows.
Building the Eye Sockets.
Building the Forehead.
Detailing the Inside of the Lid.
Chapter 9 Eye and Brow Keys.
Brow Shapes and Texture Maps.
Building Realistic Brow Shapes.
Building Stylized Brow Shapes.
Tying Up Loose Ends.
PART IV BRINGING IT TOGETHER.
Chapter 10 Connecting the Features.
Building the Ear.
Assembling the Head Pieces.
Chapter 11 Skeletal Setup, Weighting, and Rigging.
Weighting the Head.
The SS2 Eye Rig.
Chapter 12 Interfaces for Your Faces.
Using Expressions to Animate.
Prep Work for Your Own Setup.
Sharing Control Schemes.
The “Just Do This” Part.
Chapter 13 Squash and Stretch and Squoosh.
The “Real” Character Has No Rig!
Not Using Wraps Changes a Few Things.
Tutorial: Rigging Squoosh.
Chapter 14 A Shot in Production.
Scene 1: Bartender.
Scene 2: Lack of Dialogue.
Scene 3: Dunce Cap.
Scene 4: Salty Old Sea Captain.
Scene 5: Pink or Blue?
That’s All, Folks!