Synopses & Reviews
Even in the twenty-first century, some two-thirds of the world's peoples quietly live in non-modern, non-cosmopolitan places. In such places the multitudinous voices of the spirits, deities, and other denizens of the other-than-human world continue to be heard, continue to be loved or feared or both, continue to accompany human beings in all their activities. In Subversive Spiritualities
, Frédérique Apffel-Marglin draws on a lifetime of work with the indigenous peoples of Peru and India to support her argument that the beliefs, values, and practices of such traditional peoples are eco-metaphysically true. In other words, they recognize that human beings are in communion with other beings in nature that have agency and are kinds of spiritual intelligences, with whom humans can be in relationship and communion.
Ritual is the medium for communicating, reciprocating, creating and working with the other-than-humans, who daily remind the humans that the world is not for humans' exclusive use. Apffel-Marglin argues that when such relationships are appropriately robust, human lifeways are rich, rewarding and, in the contemporary jargon, environmentally sustainable. Her ultimate objective is to re-entangle humans in nature, by promoting a spirituality and ecology of belonging and connection to nature, and an appreciation of animistic perception and ecologies. Along the way she offers provocative and poignant critiques of many assumptions: of the development paradigm as benign (including feminist forms of development advocacy), of most anthropological and other social scientific understandings of indigenous religions, and of common views about peasant and indigenous agronomy. She concludes with a case study of the fair trade movement, illuminating both its shortcomings (how it echoes some of the assumptions in the development paradigms) and its promise as a way to rekindle community between humans as well as between humans and the other-than-human world.
"Subversive Spiritualities is a tour de force of the kind that can only be produced by a mature scholar with tremendous interdisciplinary range and rich, real-world experience. Unceasingly provocative and wonderfully written, it deserves a wide reading by anyone interested how we might rekindle intimacy and reciprocity with nature."--Bron Taylor, author of Dark Green Religion: Nature Spirituality and the Planetary Future
About the Author
is Professor Emerita of Anthropology at Smith College and the Founder/Director of Sachamama Center, a nonprofit organization in the Peruvian High Amazon (http://www.centrosachamama.org).
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: The Politics of Wilderness: The Nature/Culture Dualism Revisited
Chapter 2: Economics and the Making of Natural Resources
Chapter 3: Re-entangling the Material and the Discursive: Quantum Physics and Agential Realism
Chapter 4: The Spirit of the Gift in the Peruvian Andes: Yarqa Aspiy in Quispillacta
Chapter 5: Supersessionism and the Teaching of Agronomy in Peru
Chapter 6: Dancing with the Mountain in the Altiplano: The Festival of the Ispallas
Chapter 7: The State and Feminist Missionizing in Bolivia (with Loyda Sanchez)
Chapter 8: Beyond Absolute Time and Space: From Representation to Performativity in Rituals
Chapter 9: Fair Trade and the Possibility of Biocultural Regeneration
Epilogue: Performing the Lessons Learned