A call to action and a comprehensive guide to sustainable urban design
"This book celebrates the magical power of design and of an emerging pattern of human settlement—Sustainable Urbanism—that holds the promise of strengthening the interdependence of all life on earth. . . . This book is a strategic call for leadership in the design and development of the places where Americans live, work, and play."
—From the Preface
Written by the chair of the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED for Neighborhood Development (LEED-ND) Core Committee, Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design with Nature is both an urgent call to action and a comprehensive introduction to "Sustainable Urbanism"—the growing sustainable design convergence that integrates walkable and diverse places with high-performance infrastructure and buildings.
Providing a historical perspective on the standards and regulations that got us and keep us on the course toward sprawl and unsustainable development, along with earlier attempts at reform, Douglas Farr makes a powerful case for Sustainable Urbanism, showing how architects and urban designers need to shape the built environment for the benefit of both humans and nature. He then explains how to implement Sustainable Urbanism in cities, towns, and neighbor-hoods through coordinated leadership and communication. Essays written by Farr and others delve into such issues as:
Increasing sustainability through density
Integrating transportation and land use in an auto-dependent era
Creating sustainable neighborhoods with walk-to-work neighborhood centers of locally owned businesses, share cars on every block, and walkable neighborhoods
The health and environmental benefits of linking humans to nature, including walk-to open spaces, neighborhood stormwater systems and waste treatment, and food production
High-performance buildings and neighborhood-scale infrastructure including district energy systems
Enriching the argument are in-depth case studies in Sustainable Urbanism, from BedZED in London, England, and Newington in Sydney, Australia, to New Railroad Square in Santa Rosa, California, and Dongtan, Shanghai, China. An epilogue looks to the future of Sustainable Urbanism over the next 200 years.
At once solidly researched and passionately argued, Sustainable Urbanism is the ideal guidebook for urban designers, planners, and architects who are eager to make a positive impact on our—and our descendants'—buildings, cities, and lives.
This book provides clear direction for urban designers, urban planners, and architects to design cities and developments that are sustainable and reduce environmental harms. The text includes background on sustainability, standards for sustainable urbanism, and case studies of exemplars of sustainable urban design.
Foreword (Andrés Duany
How to use this book.
Part One The Case for Sustainable Urbanism.
Chapter 1: The Built Environment: Where We Are Today.
The American Lifestyle on the Wrong Course.
Pioneering Reforms: Setting the Stage for Sustainable Urbanism.
Chapter 2: Sustainable Urbanism: Where We Need to Go.
Sustainable Urbanism: The Grand Unification.
The Three Steps of Sustainable Urbanism.
Part Two Implementing Sustainable Urbanism.
Chapter 3: Leadership and Communications.
Leadership Talking Points for Sustainable Urbanism (Jim Hackler and Irina Woelfle)
The Power of Paired Choices.
Implementation Agendas for Leaders.
Chapter 4: The Process and Tools for Implementing Sustainable Urbanism.
RFQ for Sustainable Urbanist Professionals.
Benchmarking Municipal Sustainability: The Santa Monica Sustainable City Plan (City of Santa Monica).
Documenting Community Preference in Form and Sustainability: Image Preference Survey (IPS) (Christina Anderson)
Conducting a Charrette (Bill Lennertz)
Shaping Sustainable Neighborhoods with the Toledo Smart Neighborhood Analysis Protocol (SNAP) (Carolee Kokola).
A Sustainable Urbanist Neighborhood Plan: Toledo SNAP (Carolee Kokola).
Regulating Plan and Form-Based Code (Christina Anderson).
Incorporating Sustainability through Codes, Covenants, and Restrictions (CC&Rs) (Dan Slone).
RFP for a Sustainable Urbanist Developer (City of Victoria, British Columbia).
Part Three Emerging Thresholds of Sustainable Urbanism.
Chapter 5: Increasing Sustainability Through Density.
The Transect of the Everyday.
Water and the Density Debate (Lynn Richards).
Transit Supportive Densities.
Chapter 6: Sustainable Corridors.
The Sustainable Corridor (Doug Farr, Leslie Oberholtzer, and Christian Schaller).
The Integration of Transportation, Land Use, and Technology (Shelley Poticha).
Biodiversity Corridors (Rebecca L. Kihslinger, Jessica Wilkinson, and James McElfish).
Chapter 7: Sustainable Neighborhoods.
Neighborhood Definition (Victor Dover and Jason King).
Neighborhood Completeness (Eliot Allen and Doug Farr).
Neighborhood Housing (Laurie Volk and Todd Zimmerman).
Neighborhood Retail (Robert J. Gibbs).
Economic Benefits of Locally Owned Stores (Matt Cunningham).
Healthy Neighborhoods (Melanie Simmons, Kathy Baughman McLeod,and Jason Hight).
Walkable Streets and Networks (Dan Burden).
Complete Streets (Fred Dock).
Universal Basic Home Access (Eleanor Smith).
Managing Travel Demand (Jeffery Tumlin).
Car Sharing (Jeffery Tumlin0.
Chapter 8: Biophilia.
Open Space (Carolee Kokola).
Public Darkness (Nancy Clanton and Todd Givler).
Stormwater Systems (Jim Patchett and Tom Price).
Food Production (Lynn Peemoeller and Jim Slama, with Cathy Morgan).
Outdoor Wastewater Treatment (Thomas E. Ennis).
Indoor Wastewater Treatment (John Todd Ecological Design).
Chapter 9: High-Performance Buildings and Infrastructure.
The Impact of Planning on Building Energy Usage (Alan Chalifoux).
2030 Challenge (Ed Mazria).
High-Performance Infrastructure (Hillary Brown).
Large District Energy Systems (Doug Newman and Robert Thornton, John Kelly, and Adam Lund).
The 2030 Community Challenge: Economic Growth with Sustainable Urbanism.
Part Four Case Studies in Sustainable Urbanism.
Chapter 10: Lessons Learned from Sustainable Urbanism.
BedZED: London, England.
Glenwood Park: Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Holiday Neighborhood: Boulder, Colorado, United States.
Christie Walk: Adelaide, Australia.
Newington: Sydney, Australia.
High Point: Seattle, Washington, United States.
Upton: Northampton, England.
Kronsberg: Hannover, Germany.
Loreto Bay: Baja California Sur, Mexico.
Civano: Tucson, Arizona, United States.
Poundbury: Dorchester, England.
Chapter 11: State of the Art in Unbuilt Sustainable Urbanism.
Dockside Green: Victoria, Canada.
Lloyd Crossing: Portland, Oregon, United States.
Z-Squared: London, England.
New Railroad Square: Santa Rosa, California, United States.
Uptown Normal: Normal, Illinois, United States.
Dongtan: Shanghai, China.
Galisteo Basin Preserve: Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States.
Pulelehua: Maui, Hawaii, United States.
Coyote Valley: San Jose, California, United States.
Scales of Intervention.