Synopses & Reviews
Symmetry, shape, and Space is designed to involve students in discovering mathematics. It is appropriate for introduction to mathematics and liberal arts mathematics courses and assumes no mathematics beyond the high school level. Students in many diverse programs will benefit from the authors' use of innovative and engaging pedagogical models. Geometry is the basis of the text because the visual nature of the subject allows students to use their intuition and imagination while developing the ability to think critically. Students study and analyze patterns for themselves, thereby learning and enhancing analytic skills, creativity, and visualization skills. Varied content within the text, activities, and examples leads students into an investigative process and provides the experience of doing and discovering mathematics as mathematicians do. Many of the exercises in the text require students to express their ideas clearly in writing, wile other exercises require drawings or physical models, which help make math a more hands-on experience. The dual geometric and algebraic nature of mathematics is integrated throughout the text.
This text is written so that each chapter is essentially independent of the others, allowing a great deal o flexibility in designing a course. Much of the material in this book is written in such a way that mathematics teachers at the secondary or elementary level can use it for enrichment purposes. Students of art, architecture, and design will enjoy experiencing geometry from a mathematical perspective. Mathematics professionals and educators will find these explorations of nontraditional geometric topics intriguing. Topics include billiards, theoretical origami, tailings, polyhedra, the fourth dimension, optical illusions, soap bubbles, mazes, and topology.
- Recommended for courses in: Liberal Arts Mathematics, Mathematics Explorations, Mathematics for teaches, Topics in Geometry, Special topics in Mathematics.
- Also available bundled with The Geometer's Sketchpad Dynamic Geometry software at a special price.
Synopsis
This text is suitable for introductory students, perhaps in programs such as education, art and architecture. The text contains some traditional material from geometry as well as more innovative topics. Throughout the text, the authors place strong emphasis on pedagogy, hands-on model building, a guided discovery method of learning, etc. Much of the material is written in such a way that it can be used in the classroom for enrichment projects, by prospective mathematics teachers.
Synopsis
Symmetry, Shape, and Space uses the visual nature of geometry to involve readers in discovering mathematics. The text allows readers to study and analyze patterns for themselves, which in turn teaches creativity, as well as analytical and visualization skills. Varied content, activities, and examples lead readers into an investigative process and provide the experience of doing and discovering mathematics as mathematicians do. Exercises requiring readers to express their ideas in writing and to create drawings or physical models make math a hands-on experience. Assuming no mathematics beyond the high school level, Symmetry, Shape, and Space is the perfect introduction to mathematics, and it is designed so that each chapter is independent of the others, allowing great flexibility.
Table of Contents
Preface.
To the Reader.
1. The Basics.
1.1 Measurement.
1.2 Polygons.
2. Grids.
2.1. Billiards.
2.2. Celtic Knots.
3. Constructions.
3.1. Ruler and Compass Constructions.
3.2. The Pentagon and the Golden Ratio.
3.3. Theoretical Origami.
3.4. Knots and Stars.
3.5. Linkages.
4. Tesselations.
4.1. Regular and Semiregular Tilings.
4.2. Irregular Tilings.
4.3. Penrose Tilings.
5. Two-Dimensional Symmetry.
5.1. Kaleidoscopes.
5.2. Rosette Groups: Point Symmetry.
5.3. Frieze Patterns: Line Symmetry.
5.4. Wallpaper Patterns: Plane Symmetry.
5.5. Islamic Lattice Patterns.
6. Other Dimensions, Other Worlds.
6.1. Flatlands.
6.2. The Fourth Dimension.
7. Polyhedra.
7.1. Pyramids, Prisms, and Antiprisms.
7.2. The Platonic Solids.
7.3. The Archimedean Solids.
7.4. Polyhedral Transformations.
7.5. Models of Polyhedra.
7.6. Infinite Polyhedra.
8. Three-Dimensional Symmetry.
8.1. Symmetries of Polyhedra.
8.2. Three-Dimensional Kaleidoscopes.
9. Spiral Growth.
9.1. Spirals and Helices.
9.2. Fibonacci Numbers and Phyllotaxis.
10. Drawing Three Dimensions in Two.
10.1. Perspective.
10.2. Optical Illusions.
11. Shape.
11.1. Noneuclidean Geometry.
11.2. Map Projections.
11.3. Curvature of Curves.
11.4. Curvature of Surfaces.
11.5. Soap Bubbles.
12. Graph Theory.
12.1. Graphs.
12.2. Trees.
12.3. Mazes.
13. Topology.
13.1. Dimension.
13.2. Surfaces.
13.3. More About Surfaces.
13.4. Map Coloring Problems.
Hints and Solutions to Selected Problems.
Bibliography.
Index.
Permissions.