Synopses & Reviews
"This book will be of value to individuals interested in the history of medicine and the role that codes of ethics have played in that history, in the ethical issues that arise in the promulgation of codes of ethics, and in the way codes of ethics can and can't help us deal with changes brought about by managed care and by breakthroughs in medical technology." -- Ethics
"A good example of how a discussion of the history of medical ethics can provide the grounding for a well-informed debate on present and future problems in professional ethics and health care." -- Medical History
In this volume, contributors from medicine, bioethics and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the USA since the American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of contemporary problems.
The American Medical Association enacted its Code of Ethics in 1847, the first such national codification. In this volume, a distinguished group of experts from the fields of medicine, bioethics, and history of medicine reflect on the development of medical ethics in the United States, using historical analyses as a springboard for discussions of the problems of the present, including what the editors call a sense of moral crisis precipitated by the shift from a system of fee-for-service medicine to a system of fee-for-system medicine, better known as 'managed care.'
The authors begin with a look at how the medical profession began to consider ethical issues in the 1800s and subsequent developments in the 1900s. They then address the sociological, historical, ethical, and legal aspects of the practice of medicine. Later chapters discuss current and future challenges to medical ethics and professional values. Appendixes display various versions of the AMA's Code of Ethics as it has evolved over time.
Contributors: George J. Annas, J.D., M.P.H., Arthur Isak Applbaum, Ph.D., Robert B. Baker, Ph.D., Chester R. Burns, M.D., Ph.D., Arthur L. Caplan, Ph.D., Alexander Morgan Capron, J.D., Christine K. Cassel, M.D., Linda L. Emanuel, M.D., Ph.D., Eliot L. Freidson, Ph.D., Albert R. Jonsen, Ph.D., Stephen R. Latham, J.D., Ph.D., Susan E. Lederer, Ph.D., Florencia Luna, Ph.D., Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D., Charles E. Rosenberg, Ph.D., Mark Siegler, M.D., Rosemary A. Stevens, Ph.D., Robert M. Tenery, Jr., M.D., Robert M. Veatch, Ph.D., John Harley Warner, Ph.D., Paul Root Wolpe, Ph.D.
Table of Contents
Ch. 1. Setting the stage: moral philosophy, Benjamin Rush, and medical ethics in the United States before 1846 -- Ch. 2. The American Medical Ethics Revolution -- Ch. 3. The 1880s Rebellion against the AMA Code of Ethics: "Scientific Democracy" and the dissolution of orthodoxy -- Ch. 4. The challenge of specialism in the 1900s -- Ch. 5. Medical ethics and the media: oaths, codes, and popular culture -- Ch. 6. One hundred fifty years later: the moral status and relevance of the AMA Code of Ethics -- Ch. 7. Professionalism and institutional ethics