Synopses & Reviews
In this groundbreaking study on the intersection of race, science, and politics in colonial Latin American, José Jouve Martín explores the reasons why the city of Lima, in the decades that preceded the wars of independence in Peru, became dependent on a large number of bloodletters, surgeons, and doctors of African descent. The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima focuses on the lives and fortunes of three of the most distinguished among this group of black physicians: José Pastor de Larrinaga, a surgeon of controversial medical ideas who passionately defended the right of scientific learning for Afro-Peruvians; José Manuel Dávalos, a doctor who studied medicine at the University of Montpellier and played a key role in the smallpox vaccination campaigns in Peru; and José Manuel Valdés, a multifaceted writer who became the first and only person of black ancestry to become a chief medical officer in Spanish America. By carefully documenting their actions and writings, The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima illustrates how medicine and its related fields became areas in which the descendants of slaves found opportunities for social and political advancement, and a platform from which to engage in provocative dialogue with Enlightenment thought and social revolution.
An excellent, needed, and original contribution to our understanding of the black experience in Spanish America.” Jorge Carlos Guerrero, Spanish and Latin American Studies, University of Ottawa
The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima presents a nuanced argument not only about Peruvian medical culture and Perus Enlightenment, but also about the politics of race and blackness during the long transition from colony to independent republic. Jouve Martíns analysis of Peruvian physicians resistance to foreign medical ideas and their efforts to construct a field of medical expertise specific to Perus climate and geography is very interesting and engages a new and growing body of scholarship on medicine, geography, and national identity across multiple periods in the Andes and Latin America more generally.” Adam Warren, Department of History, University of Washington
and#147;The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima presents a nuanced argument not only about Peruvian medical culture and Peruand#8217;s Enlightenment, but also about the politics of race and blackness during the long transition from colony to independent republic. Jouve Martand#237;
and#147;The book synthesizes a range of archival documents and secondary sources to explain how three mulatos negotiated the gendered, racial, and professional expectations of their time. The Black Doctors of Colonial Lima begins to untangle these exceptional, c
The untold story of Lima's black physicians and their role in shaping the practice of medicine in Peru.
About the Author
José R. Jouve Martín is associate professor of Hispanic and Latin American studies in the Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at McGill University.