Synopses & Reviews
"For centuries fireworks have been a source of delight and amazement in cultures around the world. But what produces their dazzling array of effects? This book takes you behind the scenes to explore the chemistry and physics behind the art of pyrotechnics. Topics covered include history and characteristics of gunpowder; principles behind each of the most popular firework types: rockets, shells, fountains, sparklers, bangers, roman candles and wheels; special effects, including sound effects, coloured smokes and electrical firing; firework safety for private use and displays; and firework legislation. The Chemistry of Fireworks is aimed at students with A level qualifications or equivalent. The style is concise and easy to understand, and the theory of fireworks is discussed in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible. It will also be a useful source of reference for anyone studying pyrotechnics as applied to fireworks. Review Extracts ""a worthwhile addition to the pyrotechnist's library"" Fireworks ""a useful source of information which makes absorbing reading."" Angewandte Chemie, International Edition"
"The history of the English Firework makers.....is fascinating and I would have really liked to have read more." "This book is very well produced and it will be a worthy addition to my collection of books on firworks. I shall use it as a reference book for many years and recommend it to my students and library."
"""... interesting background information for those with A-level chemistry or its equivalent."""
"""... a useful primer or supplemental text for students and a handy reference source for fireworks aficionados."""
""" ... a worthwhile addition to the pyrotechnist's library ..."""
"""... a welcome primer on the chemistry of pyrotechnics."""
"""... a useful source of information which makes absorbing reading."""
This book, a fully revised, extended and updated second edition explores the chemistry and physics behind the art of pyrotechnics.
For centuries fireworks have been a source of delight and amazement in cultures around the world. But what produces their dazzling array of effects? This book, a fully revised, extended and updated second edition explores the chemistry and physics behind the art of pyrotechnics. Its scope ranges from the history of gunpowder and fireworks in the UK, to the chemical characteristics of gunpowder, the form and functioning of all the main types of fireworks, special effects, fireworks safety and current fireworks legislation. This second edition is aimed at students with A level qualifications or equivalent wanting to follow the essential principles of pyrotechnics. The style is concise and easy to understand and readers will gain a clear understanding of the science of fireworks in terms of recognised scientific principles.
"Aimed A level students, this book discusses the theory of fireworks in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible, in a concise and easy to understand style."
About the Author
Michael S Russell is a Chartered Chemist and a member of the RSC. His experience lies in the design of pyrotechnic devices mainly for fire or explosion suppression or military applications. He acts as a Consultant for explosives safety and safety training courses. He has also developed pyrotechnics, smokes, flares, rockets and gas generators.
Table of Contents
1 - Historical Introduction; Early Incendiary Devices; Development of Black Powder; Application of Black Powder to Fireworks; Further Uses of Black Powder; 2 - The Characteristics of Black Powder; The Solid State; Oxidation and Reduction; Electronegativity; Physical Chemistry; Influence of Pellet Density on Burning Time; Influence of Moisture on Burning Time; Thermal Decomposition; Thermal Ignition of Black Powder; Thermal Analysis of Black Powder; Analysis by TG; Analysis by DTA; Analysis by DSC; Stoichiometry; Volume of Evolved Gases; Heat of Reaction; Temperature of Reaction; Sulphurless Gunpowder; Moisture Resistant Gunpowder; 3 - Rockets; Propellant; Internal Ballistics; Thrust and Specific Impulse; External Ballistics; Rocket Trajectory; Distance Travelled with Uniform Acceleration; Motion Under Gravity; The Trajectory in the Atmosphere; Rocket Design and Manufacture; Further Developments; 4 - Mines and Shells; Calibres; Construction of Shells; Functioning of Shells; Internal Ballistics; External Ballistics; Mortar Tubes; Energy Transfer Efficiency; Mines; 5 - Fountains; Compositions; Atomic Theory; Quantum Theory; Titanium Fountains; The Colour of Sparks; The Brightness of Sparks; Particle Combustion; 6 - Sparklers; Wire Sparklers; Tubed Sparklers; 7 - Bangers; Method of Construction; Volume of Evolved Gases; Theoretical Maximum Gas; Pressure; Airblast and Sound; 8 - Roman Candles; Method of Construction; Emission of Radiation by Stars; Chemistry of the Green Star; Ionisation in Flames; Chemistry of the Red Star; Chemistry of the Blue Star; Summary; 9 - Gerbs and Wheels; Gerbs; Method of Construction; Wheels; Method of Construction; The Maltese Wheel; 10 - Special Effects; Quickmatch; Piped Match; Plastic Fuse; Lances; Set-Pieces; Devices; Flash and Noise Effects; The Whistle Effect; Smoke Puffs; Coloured Smokes; Firing Electrically; 11 - Fireworks Safety; Radio Hazard; Public Safety; Organised Displays; 12 - Fireworks Legislation; The Explosives Acts; The Health and Safety Commission; The Health and Safety Executive; British Standard for Fireworks; UK List of Classified and Authorised Explosives; Recent Legislation; The Fireworks Regulations 2004; The Manufacture and Storage of Explosives; Regulations 2005; Bibliography; Subject Index