Synopses & Reviews
This is a fascinating study of the impact of the Reformation idea of "civic righteousness" on the position of women in Augsburg. Roper argues that its development, both as a religious credo and as a social movement, must be understood in terms of gender. Until now the effects of the Reformation on women have been viewed as largely beneficial--Protestantism being linked with the forces of progressivism, individualism, and modernization. Roper here argues that such a view of the Reformation's legacy is a profound misreading, and that the status of women was, in fact, worsened by the Reformation. A number of themes are explored: the economic position of women in the household economy; the nature of "civic righteousness" and how it applied a "reform moralism" to the role of marriage and the household; the efforts of civic authority to reform sexual deviance; the attempts to control marriage and the breakdown of marriage; and the role of convents and nuns. The Holy Household is the first scholarly account of how the Reformation affected half of society. It combines sound application of feminist theory with careful, open-ended archival research to advance our understanding of the Reformation, of feminist history, and of the place of women in modern European society.
"Offers a fascinating and convincing history of patriarchy and Protestantism."--Journal of Social History
"One of the most enlightening studies of the role of gender in the reformation era I have ever read. It sheds much light on marriage as a social institution. But most of all, it shows particularly how women became a focus and target of the social discipline protestants were so well known for."--Mack P. Holt, George Mason University
"A major contribution to Reformation studies and a landmark in gender studies of early modern Europe....Represents the outcome of a very demanding and (unobtrusively) theoretically sophisticated rethinking of the meanings of political communalism and the urban Reformation....It is her union, I think, of theoretical clarity, scholarly learning, and broadly humane attitude, which makes Holy Household an exciting book to read."--Sixteenth Century Journal
"My students and I were very pleased with Holy Household....Provocative, scholarly, and well written."--J.W. Zophy, University of Houston-Clear Lake
Cicero's philosophical works are now exciting renewed interest and more generous appreciation, in part because they provide vital evidence of the views of the (largely lost) Greek philosophers of the Hellenistic age, and partly because of the light they cast on the intellectual life of
first-century Rome. The Nature of the Gods is a central document in this area, for it presents a detailed account of the theologies of the Epicureans and of the Stoics, together with the critical objections to these doctrines raised by the Academic school.