Synopses & Reviews
Written by a linguist who is himself a journalist, this is a uniquely informed account of the language of the news media. Based in the frameworks of sociolinguistics and discourse analysis its concerns are with the notion of the news story, the importance of the processes which produce media language and the role of the audience.
An analysis of the use of language in the news media. The book explores the way in which items evolve and argues that most news programmes create stories rather than articles. It also examines the way in which the audience influences language, and how that language is understood or misunderstood.
Written by a linguist who is himself a journalist, this is a uniquely informed account of the language of the news media. The aim of this book is to explore this influential language, to ask what the patterns of media discourse tell readers about wider linguistic issues, and what they also reveal about news and the media.
Includes bibliographical references (p. -268) and index.
About the Author
Allan Bell has been both making and studying media language for many years. He has worked as a journalist and editor in a daily news service, weekly newspaper and monthly magazines. He has researched media language in several countries, especially New Zealand and the United Kingdom. He is an Honorary Research Fellow at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand combining his research there with work as a freelance journalist and media consultant.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables.
Introduction and Acknowledgements.
1. Media and Language.
1.1. Why Study Media Language?.
1.2. Media Language Research and the disciplines.
1.3. Themes of the book.
2. Researching Media Language.
2.1. Universe and sample.
2.2. What's news: defining genres.
2.3. News outlets.
2.4. News outputs.
2.5. Pitfalls, shortcuts and the wrong way round.
2.6. The media react to research.
3. The Production of News Language.
3.1. Many hands make tight work.
3.2. Producer roles in news language.
3.3. The news assembly line.
3.4. Embedding in the news text.
4. Authoring and Editing the News Text.
4.1. Constructing the news text.
4.2. How news is edited.
4.3. Why edit?.
5. The Audience for Media Language.
5.1. Disjunction and isolation.
5.2. Multiple roles in the audience.
5.3. Audience embedding.
5.4. Communications as audience.
6. Stylin' the News: Audience Design.
6.1. Style in language.
6.2. Style and audience status in the British press.
6.3. Audience design in New Zealand radio.
6.4. Editing copy for style.
7. Talking Strange: Referee Design in Media Language.
7.1. Taking the initiative.
7.2. The referees.
7.3. Television advertisements as referee design.
8. Telling Stories.
8.1. News stories and personal narratives.
8.2. News values.
8.3. News as stories.
8.4. The structure of news stories.
9. Makeup of the News Story.
9.1. The lead.
9.3. News stories and actors.
9.4. Time and place in the news.
9.5. Facts and figures.
9.6. Talking heads.
10. Telling It Like It Isn't.
10.1. Approaches to media miscommunication.
10.2. Misreporting: the climate case change.
10.3. Misediting international news.
11. (Mis)understanding the News.
11.1. Recall and comprehension.
11.2. The public misunderstand climate change.