* Notes a new selection to this edition.
I. READING STRATEGIES. 1. The Reading Process.
Understand the Levels of Reading Comprehension.
What Is Previewing?
How Do You Build Meaning While Reading?
Why Recall After Reading?
“World War I: The Lusitania,” from Robert A. Divine et al.: America: Past and Present.
“The Myth of the Doomed Family,” from Richard P. Janaro and Thelma C. Altshuler: The Art of Being Human. 2. Vocabulary.
How Do You Learn New Words?
What Clues Can Help You Unlock the Meaning of New Words?
What Resources Can Help You with Words?
What Are Analogies?
What Are Acronyms? 3. Main Idea.
What Is a Main Idea?
What Is a Topic?
What Is a Detail?
What Are the Strategies for Stating Main Ideas?
*“What's Your Best Time of Day?” from Susan Perry and Jim Dawson: The Secrets Our Body Clocks Reveal.
*“Heredity or Environment: The Case of Oskar and Jack, Identical Twins,” from James M. Henslin: Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach. 4. Details and Organizational Patterns.
Can You Recognize Levels of Importance of Details?
Can You Distinguish Major and Minor Details?
Can You Follow Detailed Directions?
What Are the Patterns for Organizing Ideas? How Do Transitional Words Signal Organizational Patterns?
“The Mind-Body Problem,” from Philip G. Zimbardo and Richard J. Gerrig: Psychology and Life.
*“Fads and Fashions,” from James M. Henslin: Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach. 5. Inference.
What Is an Inference?
What Is Figurative Language?
How Do You Recognize Implied Meaning?
How Do You Draw Conclusions?
“The Lottery,” by Shirley Jackson.
“Everyday Use,” by Alice Walker. 6. Point of View.
What Is the Author's Point of View?
What Is the Reader's Point of View?
How Do Facts and Opinions Differ?
What Is the Author's Purpose?
What Is the Author's Tone?
“For All You Do, Disinformation's for You,” from James N. Danziger: Understanding the Political World.
*“Beauty and the Beef,” by Joey Green. 7. Critical Thinking.
What Is Critical Thinking?
What Are the Steps in Critical Thinking?
How Do Creative and Critical Thinking Differ?
“Waste,” by Wendell Barry.
“Get a Life?” by Nicholas Negroponte. 8. Reading Rate.
What Is Your Reading Rate?
What Are Techniques for Faster Reading?
*“Is Television Guiding Us Through Life?” from Richard P. Janaro and Thelma C. Altshuler: The Art of Being Human.
“Let's Tell the Stories of America's Cultures,” by Ji-Yeon Mary Yuhfill.
“Constitution by Fiat: Japan,” from James N. Danziger: Understanding the Political World.
II. READING IN THE DISCIPLINES. 9. Techniques for Remembering Textbook Information.
How Do You Organize College Textbook Reading?
What Is Annotating?
What Is Summary Writing?
What Is Notetaking?
What Is Outlining?
What Is Mapping?
What Is Mnemonics?
*“Online Shopping: Let Your Fingers Do the Walking,” from Larry Long and Nancy Long: Computers.
“Linear Motion,” from Paul G. Hewitt: Conceptual Physics. 10. Reading in the Humanities.
What Are the Humanities?
How Is History Interpreted?
Are Speech and Communication More Than Just Words?
What Is an English Composition?
How can Philosophy Teach You How to Think?
“Colonial Taverns,” from Gary B. Nash: The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society.
“What Is a Philosopher?” from Richard P. Janaro and Thelma Altshuler: The Art of Being Human. 11. Reading Literature, Poetry, and Drama.
What Is Literature?
How Do Literary Genres Differ?
How Is Literature Interpreted?
*“The Ad-dressing of Cats,” by T. S. Eliot.
“The Necklace,” by Guy de Maupassant. 12. Reading in the Social Sciences.
What Are the Social Sciences?
What Is Psychology?
What Is Sociology?
What Is Anthropology?
What Is Political Science?
“On Race,” from Laura Uba and Karen Huang: Psychology.
*“East Is East and West Is West...Love and Arranged Marriage in India,” from James M. Henslin: Sociology: A Down to Earth Approach. 13. Reading in the Life and Natural Sciences.
What Are the Life and Natural Sciences?
What Is Biology?
What Is Chemistry?
What Are the Allied Health Sciences?
What Is Geography?
What Is Astronomy?
What Is Environmental Science?
“Ancient Monuments to the Sun,” from James B. Kaler: Astronomy! A Brief Edition.
“Enzymes,” from Robert A. Wallace: Biology: The World of Life. 14. Reading in Mathematics and Computer Sciences.
How Can You Get the Most from Your Mathematics Textbook?
What Problem-Solving Strategies Can You Depend On?
How Can You Get the Most from Your Computer Science Textbook?
“Working with Data,” from Phil DeMarois, Mercedes McGowen, and Darlene Whitkanack: Applying Algebraic Thinking to Data.
“Algebraic Expressions,” from Marvin L. Bittinger and David J. Ellenbogen: Elementary Algebra. 15. Reading in the Business Disciplines.
What Are the Goals of College Business Courses?
How Do Management and Marketing Differ from the Other Business Disciplines?
What Is Accounting?
What Is Economics?
“The Societal Marketing Concept,” from Philip Kotler and Gary Armstrong: Principles of Marketing.
“Hiring and the Role of Competence,” from John D. Daniels and Lee H. Radebaugh: International Business. 16. Reading Vocational and Technical Material.
Why Choose a Vocational or Technical School?
What Is Horticulture?
What Is Electronic and Computer Technology?
What Is Automotive Technology?
What Is Heating and Air Conditioning Technology?
*“How to React in an Emergency,” from John Remling and Donald W. Patten: Automotive Service Basics.
“Electricity and Electrical Systems,” from Dale R. Patrick and Stephen W. Fardo: Electricity and Electronics: A Survey.
III. READING IN EVERYDAY LIFE. 17. Reading Past and Present.
Why Did People Want to Read and Write?
How Did People Learn to Read in America?
What Are Modern Beliefs, Theories, and Trends in Teaching Reading?
Why Are Book Clubs So Popular?
How Is Book Club Business Conducted?
* “And Do It Like This,” from Mem Fox: Reading Magic: Why Reading Aloud to Our Children Will Change Their Lives Forever. 18. Reading Print Media.
How Do Print Media Consumers Make Intelligent Purchasing Decisions?
How Are Newspapers Organized and What Are Their Elements.
How Do You Choose a Newspaper?
How Do You Differentiate Magazines?
* “Court OKs Kids Grading Kids in Class,” from The Los Angeles Times.
* “Thinking Outside the Box,” from Hispanic Magazine. 19. Reading Electronic Media.
What Are the Internet and the World Wide Web?
What Is e-mail?
How Do You Navigate the World Wide Web?
How Do You Read Electronic Mail Critically?
“Netiquette,” from Eric Hoffman and Carol Scheidenhelm: Introduction to Teaching Composition in an Electronic Environment.
“The Internet,” from H.L. Capron: Computers: Tools for an Information Age. 20. Reading Contemporary Fiction and Nonfiction.
What Are the Different Types of Contemporary Fiction?
What Are the Different Types of Contemporary Nonfiction?
What Should You Consider When Selecting a Book?
And Then There Were None, by Agatha Christie.
Bread Givers, by Anzia Yezierska 21. Reading Graphics.
What Do Graphics Do?
How Do You Read Graphic Material and Visual Aids? 22. Reading in the Workplace.
How Should You Manage Workplace Reading?
What Are the Different Types of Workplace Reading?
*“Green Department Stores Memo,” from Walter E. Oliu et al.: Writing That Works: How to Write Effectively on the Job.
* “Aerolite Business Proposal,” from Walter E. Oliu et al.: Writing That Works: How to Write Effectively on the Job. 23. Reading Personal Mail.
What Should You Expect from a Letter.
What Are the Different Parts of a Bill?
How Do You Respond to Direct Mail Advertisements?
“Overdue Notice from the DMV.”
“Solicitation Letter.” 24. Reading Reference Works and Scholarly Articles.
What Reference Works Are Available?
How Do You Find Relevant Research References?
How Do You Read Scholarly Articles?
“Halloween 5th Century B.C., Ireland,” from Charles Panati: Extraordinary Origins of Everyday Things.
“Yellowstone National Park,” from World Book Encyclopedia.
APPENDIXES. A. ESL Pointers: Making Sense of Figurative Language and Idioms.
B. Testing-Taking Strategies.