Synopses & Reviews
"For a one-volume history of the northern crusades, the reader has but one choice; this is it". -- William Urban, American Historical Review
The crusades to Catholicize and conquer the pagan and Orthodox Baltic regions were far more successful in leaving long-term effects than the campaigns in the Mediterranean. This lucid study begins when the first holy war against the heathen north was declared by the Pope in the twelfth century and concludes in the sixteenth century, when Rome issued its last crusading bull.
"The verve and vigour of Eric Christiansen's study illuminates developments vital in the early history of Eastern Europe and brings to life a story that had epic dimensions"
"For a one-volume history of the Northern Crusades, the reader has but one choice; this is it"
William Urban in the American Historical Review
"A fine study of the Baltic conquest"
Hans Eberhard Meyer in the English Historical Reivew
"Independent, erudite, lucid and witty
a narrative that never flags"
"A fascinating and elegant book"
Geoffrey Wheatcroft in the London Review of Books
The "Northern Crusades", inspired by the Pope's call for a Holy War, are less celebrated than those in the Middle East, but they were more successful - vast new territories became and remained Christian, such as Finland, Estonia and Prussia. This revised account provides an overview of this era.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 271-278) and index.
Table of Contents
List of Maps
Spelling of Names
1. North-East Europe on the Eve of the Crusades
Land and Sea
2. The Wendish Crusade in Theory and Practice, 1147-1185
The Crusade of 1147
Supporters and Chroniclers
The Slav Wars of Henry the Lion and Valdemar the Great
3. The Armed Monks: Ideology and Efficiency
Varieties of Monastic Knighthood, 1128-1237
The Monastic War-Machine, 1225-1309
4. The Conquest of the East Baltic Lands, 1200-1292
5. The Theocratic Experiment, 1200-1273
Popes and Leagues
The Battle for the Convert
The War on the Schismatics
6. The Lithuanian Crusade, 1283-1410
The Roads to Collision, 1203-1309
The Morality and Recruitment of the Crusade
Wars and Politics, 1304-1409
Strategy and Tactics
7. The Crusade Against Novgorod, 1295-1378
The Debatable Lands
The Making of a Russo-Swedish Frontier, 1295-1326
The Crusades of King Magnus
8. The Crusading States of North-East Europe
Systems of Government
Conditions of Men
9. The Withering of the Crusade, 1409-1525
Tannenberg and After, 1409-14
Confrontations at Constance, 1414-18
The Survival and Extinction of the Order in Prussia, 1418-1525
Livonia and the Russians, 1400-1562
References to Sources