Synopses & Reviews
Low-frequency wave modes of magnetized inhomogeneous plasmas have been subject to intense study in the last decade because they play important roles in the transport of energy in the plasmas. The "Alfvén wave heating" scheme has been investigated as a supplementary heating scheme for fusion plasma devices, and it has been invoked as a model of the heating of the solar and stellar coronae.
This book covers the latest research into the properties and applications of low-frequency wave modes in magnetized plasmas, the Alfvén waves and magneto-acoustic waves, in the context of laboratory, space and astrophysical plasmas. In particular, non-ideal effects on the dispersion relation and absorption properties of linear and non-linear waves are included, such as ion-cyclotron effects, friction between the ionized plasma and a background gas of neutral atoms, and the interaction of the plasma with dust particles.
The book also surveys the theory of Alfvén and magnetoacoustic waves in inhomogeneous plasmas, as occur in realistic laboratory, space and astrophysical plasmas, with resulting localized wave modes such as surface waves. Waves are considered under a variety of plasma conditions, ranging from cold cosmic plasmas, to hot laboratory and solar plasmas, to the relativistic plasmas around pulsars.
Review
The most important plasma & related journals are (in no particular order):
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Journal of Plasma Physics (Cambridge)
Physics of Plasmas (AIP)
IEEE Transactions in Plasma Science
Phys Rev E
Journal of Physics D
Applied Physics
Solar Physics
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Astrophysical Journal
Nuclear Fusion
Astrophysics and Space Science
Synopsis
This book presents the current theoretical state of knowledge of Alfven waves, the basic low frequency mode of transport of information and energy in magenetized plasmas. Links to experimental and observational evidence for the waves are given. The scope covers Alfven waves in laboratory, space and astrophysical plasmas, and emphasizes the effects of the realistic, non-ideal physics of such plasmas on the properties of the waves.
Table of Contents
DESCRIPTIONS OF MAGNETIZED PLASMAS
Introduction
The multi-fluid equations
The magnetohydrodynamic model
The Hall-MHD model
Fourier transforms
The kinetic theory
WAVES IN UNIFORM PLASMAS
Introduction
Waves with the MHD model
The Hall-MHD model
Cold collisionless plasmas
Collisional damping
Multiple Ion species
Kinetic theory of waves
Kinetic alfv?n wave and inertial alfv?n wave
WAVES IN NONUNIFORM PLASMAS
Introduction
Stratified plasmas
Waves in smooth nonuniformities
Alfv?n resonance absorption
SURFACE WAVES
Introduction
Surfaces waves at density jumps
Finite ion cyclotron frequency effects
Multiple ion species
Ideal MHD
Magnetic field rotation
Radiative and collisional damping
Kinetic theory
INSTABILITIES AND NONLINEAR WAVES
Introduction
Instabilities
Acceleration of charged particles
Nonlinear waves
Parametric and modulational instabilities
Nonlinear kinetic and inertial alfv?n waves
Nonlinear surface waves
LABORATORY PLASMAS
Introduction
Modes of bounded plasmas
Cylindrical geometry
Nonuniform plasmas
Effects of current
Discrete alfv?n waves
Toroial alfv?n eigenmodes
Current drive
Localized alfv?n waves
SPACE AND SOLAR PLASMAS
Introduction
The magnetosphere
Solar and stellar winds
Dusty space plasmas
Cometary plasmas
The solar corona
Solar flux tubes
ASTROPHYSICAL PLASMAS
Introduction
Interstellar clouds
Pulsar magnetospheres
Concluding remarks