Synopses & Reviews
Combining social and political history, The Plebeian Republic
challenges well-established interpretations of state making, rural society, and caudillo politics during the early years of Peruandrsquo;s republic. Cecilia Mandeacute;ndez presents the first in-depth reconstruction and analysis of the Huanta rebellion of 1825andndash;28, an uprising of peasants, muleteers, landowners, and Spanish officers from the Huanta province in the department of Ayacucho against the new Peruvian republic. By situating the rebellion within the broader context of early-nineteenth-century Peruvian politics and tracing Huanta peasantsandrsquo; transformation from monarchist rebels to liberal guerrillas, Mandeacute;ndez complicates understandings of what it meant to be a patriot, a citizen, a monarchist, a liberal, and a Peruvian during a foundational moment in the history of South American nation-states.
In addition to official sources such as trial dossiers, census records, tax rolls, wills, and notary and military records, Mandeacute;ndez uses a wide variety of previously unexplored sources produced by the mostly Quechua-speaking rebels. She reveals the Huanta rebellion as a complex interaction of social, linguistic, economic, and political forces. Rejecting ideas of the Andean rebels as passive and reactionary, she depicts the barely literate insurgents as having had a clear idea of national political struggles and contends that most local leaders of the uprising invoked the monarchy as a source of legitimacy but did not espouse it as a political system. She argues that despite their pronouncements of loyalty to the Spanish crown, the rebelsandrsquo; behavior evinced a political vision that was different from both the colonial regime and the republic that followed it. Eventually, their political practices were subsumed into those of the republican state.
Examines the politics of a 19th c. peasant revolt in Peru, looking at the organization and practice of government by the rebels to examine what a largely illiterate population understood by terms such as "nation" and showing the rebellion's sign
About the Author
Cecilia Mandeacute;ndez is Associate Professor of History at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She is the author of Los trabajadores guaneros del Peranduacute;, 1840andndash;1879.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 1
2. The Republic's First Peasant Uprising 30
3. Royalism in the Crisis of Independence 52
4. Words and Images: The People and the King 75
5. The World of the Peasants: Landscapes and Networks 111
6. Government in Uchuraccay
7. The Plebeian Republic