Synopses & Reviews
The first revolution in the Chinese countryside was the land reform implemented in the 'liberated areas' and extended throughout China after the proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949. This was important in the consolidation of the Communist Party's political power. The second revolution was the decollectivization of agriculture and the shift to the household responsibility system as a basis for agricultural production. The phenomenal increase in Chinese agricultural output from 1978 to 1984 resulted partly from the new system of production and with a resulting explosion of farm incomes. The second revolution in the Chinese countryside from the late 1970s set the scene for the third revolution: the freeing of markets for farm products and the linking of domestic markets and international markets. The third revolution is still in progress and this book explores its beginnings. Initially, the book covers the issues of poverty in China and feeding the population. The second section describes the agricultural markets in China and the price reform of agricultural products. The next two parts discuss international and regional issues of China's agricultural economy. Finally there are contributions on what institutional changes have been associated with the third agricultural revolution. The contributions are from a team of experts on the Chinese economy from inside and outside China led by Professor Garnaut.
"The book provides valuable reading for agricultural economists interested in how China will continue with its lliberalization and deregulation of agriculture and how it will link its rural economy with international markets. I would also recommend the book for all who are occupied with the problems of agriculture in transitional economies." Ottfried C. Kirsch, Journal of Developing Areas
Recent economic and institutional changes in Chinese agriculture.
The changes in China up to the 1980s led to the third revolution in the Chinese countryside. This book has contributions from a team of experts on the Chinese economy, on issues of poverty, price reforms, international issues of China's agricultural economy, and the associated institutional changes.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 293-308) and index.
Table of Contents
1. The third revolution Ross Garnaut and Ma Guonan; Part I. Feeding the People: 2. Success in early reform: setting the stage Justin Yifu Lin; 3. Completing the third revolution Yiping Huang; 4. China's grain demand: recent experience and prospects to the year 2000 Ross Garnaut and Ma Guonan; 5. Rural poverty in post-reform China Carl Riskin; Part II. Marketing and Price Reform: 6. Price reform for agricultural products Li Bingkun; 7. Grain marketing: from plan to market Tang Renjan; 8. Fertiliser prices Zhang Wen Bao and Zuo Chang Shen; 9. Agricultural wholesale markets Xu Boyuan; 10. The 'wool war' and the 'cotton chaos' - fibre marketing Zhang Xinohe, Lu Weiguo, Sun Keliang, Christopher Findlay, and Andrew Watson; 11. Conflict over cabbages: the reform of wholesale marketing Andrew Watson; Part III. Internationlization: 12. The World Trade Organization and agricultural development Ma Xiaohe; 13. Comparative advantage and the internationalization of China's agriculture Fang Cai; 14. A turning point in China's agricultural development Ross Garnaut, Fang Cai, and Yuping Huang; Part IV. Regional Issues: 15. The grain economy of Guangdong: internationalization or East Asian style protectionism Ross Garnaut and Ma Guonan; 16. Grain production and regional economic change Li Qingzeng, Andrew Watson, and Christopher Findlay; 17. Regional inequality in rural development Ke Bingsheng; Part V. Institutional Change: 18. China's rural property rights system under reform Chen Fan; 19. 'All the tea in China': the reformation and transformation of the tea industry Dan Etherington and Keith Forster; 20. The growth of rural industry: the impact of fiscal contracting Andrew Watson, Christopher Findlay, and Chen Chunlai; References; Index.