Synopses & Reviews
As the need to confront unplanned growth increases, planners, policymakers, and citizens are scrambling for practical tools and examples of successful and workable approaches. Growth management initiatives are underway in the U.S. at all levels, but many American "success stories" provide only one piece of the puzzle. To find examples of a holistic approach to dealing with sprawl, one must turn to models outside of the United States. In Green Urbanism, Timothy Beatley explains what planners and local officials in the United States can learn from the sustainable city movement in Europe. The book draws from the extensive European experience, examining the progress and policies of twenty-five of the most innovative cities in eleven European countries, which Beatley researched and observed in depth during a year-long stay in the Netherlands. Chapters examine:
- the sustainable cities movement in Europe
- examples and ideas of different housing and living options
- transit systems and policies for promoting transit use, increasing bicycle use, and minimizing the role of the automobile
- creative ways of incorporating greenness into cities
- ways of readjusting "urban metabolism" so that waste flows become circular
- programs to promote more sustainable forms of economic development
- sustainable building and sustainable design measures and features
- renewable energy initiatives and local efforts to promote solar energy
- ways of greening the many decisions of local government including ecological budgeting, green accounting, and other city management tools.
Throughout, Beatley focuses on the key lessons from these cities-including Vienna, Helsinki, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Zurich, Amsterdam, London, Berlin, and others-and what their experience can teach us about effectively and creatively promoting sustainable development in the United States. Green Urbanism is the first full-length book to describe urban sustainability in European cities, and provides concrete examples and detailed discussions of innovative and practical sustainable planning ideas. It will be a useful reference and source of ideas for urban and regional planners, state and local officials, policymakers, students of planning and geography, and anyone concerned with how cities can become more livable.
Many Americans believe three things about jobs and the environment: that the implementation of environmental protection measures has created ongoing, widespread unemployment; that it has caused large numbers of plant shutdowns and layoffs in manufacturing; and that it has led many U.S. firms to flee to developing countries with lax environmental regulations. Virtually all economists who have studied the issue agree that each of these propositions is false.In "The Trade-Off Myth," economist Eban Goodstein provides an in-depth examination of the deep-seated, but ultimately mistaken, American belief in a widespread jobs-environment trade-off. Remarkably, his is the first book to state unambiguously the truth about jobs and the environment. Goodstein offers a readable and accessible analysis of the labor impacts of environmental regulation, as he: considers the roots and staying power of misperceptions regarding job security and environmental regulation analyzes various models used to predict employment impacts, and explains how changes in assumptions can drastically change predicted outcomes lists and debunks, myth-by-myth, widely held perceptions about the impacts of environmental regulation on jobs examines localized hardships caused by environmental protection measures within specific industries and regions, and considers what can be done to mitigate those impacts explores the revisionist view that environmental protection measures can actually create jobs looks at jobs-environment issues that are likely to emerge as we attack the problem of global warming."The Trade-Off Myth" presents in clear, accessible language the consensus of economists who have examined the jobs-environmentissue, and offers the first comprehensive look at the truth behind the myths that pervade discourse on environmental regulation. It will be essential reading for environmentalists, concerned citizens, policymakers, public officials, and anyone involved with debates over strength
Includes bibliographical references (p. 179-190) and index.
About the Author
Eban Goodstein is Associate Professor of Economics at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Oregon, and research associate with the Environmental Policy Institute, based in Washington, D.C. He is author of Economics and the Environment (Prentice Hall, 1999).
Table of Contents
Fictions, facts, and politics -- No economy-wide trade-off -- Local layoffs and pollution havens -- Coal miners, timber workers, and slopers -- A jobs-environment synergy? -- Global warming and American jobs -- Fictions, facts, and the future.