Synopses & Reviews
Examines basic concepts and the First Law, Second Law, equilibria, Nernst's Heat Theorem, and the kinetic theory of gases. Includes an index and a wealth of figures. An important resource for students and physicists, it can be read independently by those who wish to focus on individual topics. 1973 edition.
Synopsis
In the 1950s, the distinguished theoretical physicist Wolfgang Pauli delivered a landmark series of lecturers at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. His comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of classical and modern physics was painstakingly recorded not only by his students, but also by a number of collaborators whose carefully edited transcriptions resulted in a remarkable six-volume work. This volume, the third in that series, offers a superb course on phenomenological thermodynamics, with emphasis given to historic development and the logical structure of the theory. Topics include basic concepts and the First Law, the Second Law, equilibria, Nernst's heat theorem, and the kinetic theory of gases.
Originally published in 1973, the text remains an important resource for physicists and students thanks to Pauli's manner of presentation. As Victor F. Weisskopf notes in the Foreword to the series, Pauli's style is "commensurate to the greatness of its subject in its clarity and impact . Pauli's lectures show how physical ideas can be presented clearly and in good mathematical form, without being hidden in formalistic expertise." Alone or as part of the complete set, this volume represents a solid introduction to thermodynamics that will be invaluable to individuals, as well as to libraries and other institutions."
Synopsis
Examines basic concepts and First Law, Second Law, equilibria, Nernst's Heat Theorem, and the kinetic theory of gases. Includes an index and numerous figures. 1973 edition.
Synopsis
Examines basic concepts and First Law, Second Law, equilibria, Nerst's Heat Theorem, and kinetic theory of gases. As does each book in this series, Vol. 3 includes an index and a wealth of figures. It can also be read independently by those who wish to focus on a particular topic.
Table of Contents
Foreward by Victor F. Weisskopf
Preface by Editor
1. Basic Concepts and the First Law
1. Thermodynamic variables
2. Concept of temperature
3. Quantity of heat
4. First law of thermodynamics
5. Thermodynamic changes of state
6. Mathematical formulation of the first law
7. Applications of the first law
2. The Second Law
8. Formulations of the second law
9. Quantitative predictions of the second law
10. Mathematical formulation of the second law
11. Axiomatic foundation of thermodynamics following Carathéodory
12. Free energy
13. Gibbs's function
14. Entropy of ideal gas mixtures
15. Gibbs's paradox
16. Remarks on the mixing laws
3. Equilibria
17. Van't Hoff's boxes
18. Gibb's variational method
19. Applications (first variation)
20. Comments on the second variation
21. Thermoelectric problems
4. Nernst's Heat Theorem
22. Nernst's heat theorem
23. Unattainability of the absolute zero
5. Kinetic Theory of Gases
24. Calculation of the pressure
25. Velocity distribution
26. Mean free path and collisions
27. Transport phenomena (d >> l)
28. Transport phenomena (l >> d)
29. Virial concept
30. Applications
Bibliography
Appendix. Comments by the Editor
Index