Synopses & Reviews
One hundred and fifty years after Kansas was admitted to the Union, we still find ourselves fascinated by the specter of Bleeding Kansas” and the violence that preceded the American Civil War by five years. Although ample attention has been devoted to understanding why territorial violence broke out in Kansas in 1856, of equal concern but less illuminated is the question of why government, both local and national, allowed the violence to continue unstanched for so long. This question is fundamentally about governanceits existence, exercise, limits, and continuanceand its study has ramifications for understanding both Kansas events and why the American experiment in government failed in 1861. In addition, the book also sheds light on the nature of democracy, the challenges of implanting it in distant environs, the necessity of cooperation at the various levels of government, and the value of strong leadership.
To Govern the Devil in Hell uses the prism of governance to investigate what went wrong in territorial Kansas. From the first elections in late 1854 and early 1855, local government was tarnished with cries of illegitimacy that territorial officials could not ameliorate. Soon after, a shadow government was created which further impeded local management of territorial challenges. Ultimately, this book addresses why Presidents Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan failed to act, what hindered Congress from stepping into the void, and why and how the lack of effective governance harmed Kansas and later the United States.
The work is original. No one covers the story from the perspective of governance, no one follows the Kansas story more thoroughly, from inside the local scene out to the national level, and no work that I know of tracks the story through all of its sectional, partisan, and national institutional dimensions. Ponce's book is a real contribution to the debate over democratic governance and the coming of the Civil War.”
James Simeone, author of Democracy and Slavery in Frontier Illinois: The Bottomland Republic (Northern Illinois University Press, 2000)
About the Author
Pearl T. Ponce
is associate professor of history at Ithaca College and is the editor of Kansass War: The Civil War in Documents.
Table of Contents
1. Jupiter's Gift: The Creation of Kansas Territory
2. Territorial Politics and the Struggle for party Supremacy, 18541855
3. Kansas in 1856: The Escalating Conflict
4. Congress and the Kansas Issue in 1856
5. The 1856 Presidential Campaign and Kansas as a Party Issue
6. Pledges and Principles: Buchanan, Walker, and Kansas in 1857
7. "The Noise of Democracy": The Struggle over the Lecompton Constitution in Congress and Kansas
Conclusion"To the Stars through Difficulty"
Appendix AKansas-Nebraska Vote in the Senate (March 3, 1854)
Appendix BSenate Results by Section and Party
Appendix CFinal Kansas-Nebraska Vote in the House (May 22, 1854)
Appendix DHouse Results by Section and Party
Appnedix EHouse Results by State
Appnedix FKansas Contested Delegate Election: Comparison of Vote to Oust Whitfield and to Seat Reader (August 4, 1856) with Vote to Authorize a Special Investigating Committee (March 19, 1856)