Synopses & Reviews
This textbook provides a comprehensive and instructive coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling. It makes this fascinating interdisciplinary topic, which to date was only documented in parts by specialized monographs, accessible to a broad readership. Numerous figures and problems with solutions help the reader to quickly understand and practice the presented concepts. This book is targeted at students of physics and traffic engineering and, more generally, also at students and professionals in computer science, mathematics, and interdisciplinary topics. It also offers material for project work in programming and simulation at college and university level. The main part, after presenting different categories of traffic data, is devoted to a mathematical description of the dynamics of traffic flow, covering macroscopic models which describe traffic in terms of density, as well as microscopic many-particle models in which each particle corresponds to a vehicle and its driver.
Synopsis
This comprehensive and instructive book presents accessible coverage of vehicular traffic flow dynamics and modeling, offering numerous figures and problems with solutions, helping the reader quickly understand and put into practice the concepts presented.
About the Author
Martin Treiber received his diploma (M.Sc.) and doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in physics in 1996 from the University in Bayreuth, Germany. He is a lecturer at the Chair for Traffic Modeling and Econometrics at the University of Technology in Dresden, Germany and runs the web-site www.traffic-simulation.de. His research interests include vehicular traffic dynamics and modeling, traffic data analysis and state estimation, and the study of macroeconomic impacts of motorized individual traffic. Arne Kesting received his diploma (M.Sc.) in physics in 2002 from the Free University of Berlin, Germany, and a doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in 2008 from the University of Technology in Dresden, Germany. In 2009, he received the IEEE ITS Best Ph.D. Dissertation Award for the thesis "Microscopic Modeling of Human and Automated Driving: Towards Traffic-Adaptive Cruise Control". His research interests include microscopic traffic simulation, advanced driver-assistant systems, and car-to-car communication.
Table of Contents
Introduction.- Part I Traffic Data: Trajectroy and Floating-Car Data.- Cross-Sectional Data.- Representations of Cross-Sectional Data.- Spatiotemporal Reconstruction of the Traffic State.- Part II Traffic Flow Modeling: General Aspects.- Continuity Equation.- The Lighthill-Whitham-Richards Model.- Macroscopic Models with Dynamic Velocity.- Elementary Car-Following Models.- Car-Following Models based on Driving Strategies.- Modeling Human Aspects of Driving Behavior.- Cellular Automata.- Lane-Changing and other Discrete-Choice Situations.- Stability Analysis.- Calibration and Validation.- The Phase Diagram of Congested Traffic States.- Part III Applications of Traffic Flow Theory: Traffic Flow Breakdown and