Synopses & Reviews
and#8220;It was the first time Iand#8217;d seen what the ocean may have looked like thousands of years ago.and#8221; Thatand#8217;s conservation scientist Gregory S. Stone talking about his initial dive among the corals and sea life surrounding the Phoenix Islands in the South Pacific. Worldwide, the oceans are suffering. Corals are dying off at an alarming rate, victims of ocean warming and acidificationand#8212;and their loss threatens more than 25 percent of all fish species, who depend on the food and shelter found in coral habitats. Yet in the waters off the Phoenix Islands, the corals were healthy, the fish populations pristine and abundantand#8212;and Stone and his companion on the dive, coral expert David Obura, determined that they were going to try their best to keep it that way.and#160;Underwater Eden
tells the story of how they succeeded, against great odds, in making that dream come true, with the establishment in 2008 of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA). Itand#8217;s a story of cutting-edge science, fierce commitment, and innovative partnerships rooted in a determination to find common ground among conservationists, business interests, and governmentsand#8212;all backed up by hard-headed economic analysis.and#160;Creating the worldand#8217;s largest (and deepest) UNESCO World Heritage Site was by no means easy or straightforward. Underwater Eden
takes us from the initial dive, through four major scientific expeditions and planning meetings over the course of a decade, to high-level negotiations with the government of Kiribatiand#8212;a small island nation dependent on the revenue from the surrounding fisheries. How could the people of Kiribati, and the fishing industry its waters supported, be compensated for the substantial income they would be giving up in favor of posterity? And how could this previously little-known wilderness be transformed into one of the highest-profile international conservation priorities?and#160;Step by step, conservation and its priorities won over the doubters, and Underwater Eden
is the stunningly illustrated record of what was saved. Each chapter revealsand#8212;with eye-popping photographsand#8212;a different aspect of the science and conservation of the underwater and terrestrial life found in and around the Phoenix Islandsand#8217; coral reefs. Written by scientists, politicians, and journalists who have been involved in the conservation efforts since the beginning, the chapters brim with excitement, wonder, and confidenceand#8212;tempered with realism and full of lessons that the success of PIPA offers for other ambitious conservation projects worldwide.and#160;Simultaneously a valentine to the diversity, resilience, and importance of the oceans and a riveting account of how conservation really can succeed against the toughest obstacles, Underwater Eden
is sure to enchant any ocean lover, whether ecotourist or armchair scuba diver.
"Underwater Eden tells the story of how a very small group of exceptional Carl Safina, author of Song for the Blue Ocean and The View from Lazy Point
"From the air, the Phoenix Islands are tiny, low, remote, easily overlooked scraps of land in the Pacific Ocean.and#160;Underwater, they are the oceanand#8217;s equivalent of Amazon rainforests, teeming with tropical corals, fish, and sharks.and#160;But those species are under increasing assault from fishing boats, climate change, and introduced species.and#160;This remarkable book tells the story of ongoing imaginative efforts to create a huge protected area in a biological treasure-house."
About the Author
Gregory S. Stone is executive vice president and chief ocean scientist of Conservation International. He is the author of three books, including Antarctica: Ice Island. David Obura is founding director of the nonprofit research organization CORDIO. He is based in East Africa and works on coral reef research and conservation in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Table of Contents
H. E. PRESIDENT ANOTE TONG
1and#160;In Search of Paradise
GREGORY S. STONE
2and#160;History through a Watery Lens
3and#160;Parade of the Bumpheads: Orona
GERALD R. ALLEN AND STEVEN L. BAILEY
4and#160;Birds and Invaders: Rawaki
RAYMOND J. PIERCE
5and#160;Beautiful Aliens: The Invertebrates
MARY JANE ADAMS, M.D.
6and#160;Coral Reefs and Climate Change
DAVID OBURA AND RANDI D. ROTJAN
7and#160;Ecotourism in Paradise: Kanton
EDUARD NIESTEN AND PETER SHELLEY
9and#160;The Future of the Phoenix Islands
GREGORY S. STONE, DAVID OBURA, SUE MILLER-TAEI, AND TUKABU TEROROKO
10and#160;Living Blue: Making Choices with the Ocean in Mind
Phoenix Islands Timeline
Appendix: New England Aquarium Research
Expeditions to the Phoenix Islands
About the Contributors