Synopses & Reviews
Visual information processing in humans with intellectual disabilities and in animals is presented, for conceptual and methodological reasons. Much of the evolutionary path of higher primate species has involved the development of sophisticated visual systems that interact with complex, higher-order cognitive processes. Key questions in cognitive science address the manner in which the environment is represented by the organism, and thus relate to how knowledge about the world is gleaned, with implications for theories of action and decision making. Finally, it has become apparent that the distinction between perceptual and cognitive processes is not always a clear one, and that these processes interact in critical ways in underlying complex behavioral repertoires. Consistent with the emphasis in this series on individual differences, both typical and atypical development are explored here. Philosophical approaches to visualism are also presented. Chapters have import both for basic science and for the development of applications.
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Chapters cover human visual processing in populations including those with mental retardation, Downs Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease, as well as animal visual processing and philosophical approaches to visualism.
Visual information processing in humans with intellectual disabilities and in animals is presented. This book examines key questions in cognitive science addressing the manner in which environment is represented by the organism, and thus relates to how knowledge about the world is gleaned, providing implications for theories of action and decision making. According to the authors, it has become apparent that the distinction between perceptual and cognitive processes is not always a clear one, and that these processes interact in critical ways in underlying complex behavioral repertoires.
Twelve contributions present and analyze research into the mechanisms behind both human and animal visual processing, and, further, posit philosophical approaches to visual processing. Many of the papers focus on the differences between typical and atypical mental development. Among the topics: visu
About the Author
SAL SORACI JR. is a cognitive scientist and director of the Human Factors Program at Tufts University. He is also an associate scientist at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Shriver Center.KIMIYO MURATA-SORACI is a Philosopher of Religion and Lecturer at Boston University.
Table of Contents
Human Visual Processing
Visual Factors in Cognitive Dysfunction and Enhancement in Alzheimer's Disease by Alice Cronin-Golomb and Grover C. Gilmore
Exploring Visual Perception Abilities in Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities: Assessment and Implications by Stephen Oross III and Charles B. Woods
Enhancing Performances of Individuals with Mental Retardation: Manipulations of Visual Structure by Michael T. Carlin, Sal A. Soraci, and Christina Strawbridge
Stimulus Overselectivity and Observing Behavior in Individuals with Mental Retardation by William V. Dube, et al.
Arousal Modulation of Neonatal Visual Attention: Implications for Development by Judith M. Gardner, Bernard Z. Karmel, and Micharl J. Flory
Visual Process Strengths in Down Syndrome: A Case for Reading Instruction? by Robert M. Hodapp and Tran M. Ly
Visual Variability Discrimination by Michael E. Young and Edward A. Wasserman
Animal Visual Processing
The Multiplicity of Visual Search Strategies in Pigeons by Jeffrey S. Katz and Robert G. Cook
The Search for Relational Learning in Cebus Apella: A Programmed "Educational" Approach by Romariz da Silva Barros, Olavo de Faria Galvao, and William J. McIlvane
Visualism: Philosophical Approaches
Visualism in Space by Don Ihde
Technology, Transcendence, and Modernity: Marcel and Jaspers by Gregory J. Walters
Alterity in Memory by Kimiyo Murata-Soraci