Synopses & Reviews
This superb introduction to phonetics, with its accompanying CD, is perfect for anyone who wants to learn about the sounds of languages. Peter Ladefoged, one of the world's leading phoneticians, describes how languages use a variety of different sounds, many of them quite unlike any that occur in well-known languages. People trill their lips and click their tongues when talking in ways that are amazing to English speakers. Several of these unusual sounds are reproduced on the CD.
The book opens with a brief introduction to the main forces working on the sounds of languages. Using basic terms, Ladefoged outlines the acoustic components of speech and demonstrates speech synthesis. Subsequent chapters on computers and speech describe text-to-speech systems, and show how speech recognition systems work. The last part of the book describes the sounds of a wide variety of languages, introducing them to readers largely by means of the CD that accompanies the book, and by reference to the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet. The contents of the CD are available on Peter Ladefoged's phonetics site, which includes an online version of the CD as well as other useful phonetics links.
This is an introductory book on phonetics that will enable readers to go on to read The Sounds of the World's Languages (Blackwell 1996) by Peter Ladefoged and Ian Maddieson, and other more advanced books on phonetics and phonology. With its lucid prose and accompanying CD, it is also a book to be enjoyed in its own right.
This introduction to phonetics, with an accompanying CD, should be useful for anyone who wants to learn about the sounds of languages. After a brief introduction to the main forces working on the sounds of languages, the acoustic components of speech are described in basic terms.
This superb introduction to phonetics, with an accompanying CD, is perfect for anyone who wants to learn about the sounds of language. Peter Ladefoged, one of the world's leading phoneticians, descibes how languages use a variety of different sounds, many of them quite unlike any that occur in well-known languages.
System requirements for accompanying computer disc: Microsoft Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. Includes bibliographical references (p. -188) and index.
About the Author
Peter Ladefoged, UCLA Research Phonetician and Professor of Phonetics Emeritus, was Director of the UCLA Phonetics Laboratory from 1962 to 1991. He is author of Sounds of the World's Languages (with Ian Maddieson, Blackwell 1996), Elements of Acoustic Phonetics (second edition, 1996), and A Course in Phonetics (fourth edition, 2000).
Table of Contents
1 Sounds and Languages.
1.1 The Sounds of Language Evolve.
1.2 Language and Speech.
1.3 Describing Speech Sounds.
2 Pitch and Loudness.
2.2 English Intonation.
2.3 The Vocal Folds.
2.4 Loudness Differences.
3 Vowel Contrasts.
3.1 Sets of Vowels in a Language.
3.2 English Vowels.
4 The Sounds of Vowels.
4.1 Acoustic Structure of Vowels.
4.2 The Acoustic Vowel Space.
4.3 Sound Spectrograms.
5 Charting Vowels.
5.1 Formants one and two.
5.2 Comparing English Vowels.
5.3 Formant three.
6 The Sounds of Consonants.
6.1 Consonant Contrasts.
6.2 Stop Consonants.
7 Acoustic Components of Speech.
7.1 The Principal Acoustic Components.
7.2 Synthesizing Speech.
8 Talking Computers.
8.1 How Writing must be Pronounced.
8.2 Words and Sounds in Sentences.
8.3 Synthesizing Sounds from a Phonetic Transcription.
9 Listening Computers.
9.1 Identifying Sounds.
9.2 The Basis of Computer Speech Recognition.
9.3 Special Context Speech Recognizers.
9.4 Recognizing Running Speech.
9.5 Different Accents and Different Voices.
9.6 More for the computationally curious.
10 Making English Consonants.
10.1 Acoustics and Articulations.
10.2 The Vocal Organs.
10.3 Places and Manners of Articulation.
10.4 Describing Consonants.
11 Making English Vowels.
11.1 Movements of the Tongue and Lip for Vowels.
11.2 Muscles controlling the Tongue and Lip.
11.3 Traditional Descriptions of Vowels.
12 Actions of the Larynx.
12.1 Voiced and Voiceless Sounds.
12.2 Voicing and Aspiration.
12.3 Glottal Stops.
12.4 Breathy Voice.
12.5 Creaky Voice.
12.6 Further Differences in Vocal Fold Vibrations.
12.9 Recording Data on Larynx Actions.
13 Consonants Around the World.
13.1 Phonetic Fieldwork.
13.2 Well Known Consonants.
13.3 More Places of Articulation.
13.4 More Manners of Articulation.
14 Vowels around the World.
14.1 Types of Vowels.
14.2 Lip Rounding.
14.3 Nasalized Vowels.
14.4 Voice Quality.
15 Putting Vowels and Consonants Together.
15.1 The Speed of Speech.
15.2 The Alphabet.
15.3 Slips of the Tongue and the Ear.
15.4 The International Phonetic Alphabet.
15.5 Contrasting Sounds.
15.6 Features that Matter within a Language.