Synopses & Reviews
Ways of the World offers a genuine alternative for world history survey courses. Designed from the beginning as a brief text, Ways of the World focuses on the "big picture" of significant historical developments and is thoroughly global in its thematic and comparative approach. The accessible voice of a single author, with long experience in the classroom and in the world history movement, delivers to students an insightful new synthesis, thought-provoking questions, and chapter ending sections that invite reflection on the meaning of world history. Available in full color and in combined and split volumes, Ways of the World makes the whole world teachable.
About the Author
ROBERT W. STRAYER
comes to the writing of this text with wide experience in the world history enterprise. With a Ph.D. in European and African history from the University of Wisconsin, he has taught world history at many levels, beginning with a two-year stint in high school history instruction in Ethiopia with the Peace Corps. Most of his academic career was spent at SUNY College at Brockport, where he taught world history as well as African and Soviet history for three decades and received both the Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Teaching and a similar award for Excellence in Scholarship. In 1998, he was a visiting professor of world history at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. Since moving to California in 2002, he has taught world history at the University of California, Santa Cruz; California State University, Monterey Bay; and Cabrillo College. World history has been the primary intellectual focus of his career, during which he has served as a teacher, scholar, textbook author, consultant, and member of the Executive Committee of the World History Association.
Among his publications are works in African history, including Kenya: Focus on Nationalism (1975) and The Making of Mission Communities in East Africa (1978). More recently, he developed a specialty in Soviet history and wrote Why Did the Soviet Union Collapse? (1998) and The Communist Experiment (2007), comparing the experience of the Soviet Union with that of China. He was the senior author of an earlier world history textbook, The Making of the Modern World (1988; 1995), and has co-edited McGraw-Hill’s Explorations in World History series. He has also published in a number of specialized journals, such as the Journal of World History.
Table of Contents
Brief Table of Contents
Prologue: From Cosmic History to Human History
Part One: First Things First: Beginnings in History, to 500 B.C.E The Big Picture: Turning Points in Early World History 1. First Peoples: Populating the Planet, to 10,000 B.C.E. 2. First Farmers: The Revolutions of Agriculture, 10,000 B.C.E.–3,000 B.C.E. 3. First Civilizations: Cities, States, and Unequal Societies, 3,500 B.C.E.–500 B.C.E. Part Two: The Classical Era in World History, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. The Big Picture: After the First Civilizations: What Changed and What Didn't?4. Eurasian Empires, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. 5. Eurasian Cultural Traditions, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. 6. Eurasian Social Hierarchies, 500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. 7. Classical Era Variations: Africa and the Americas, 500 B.C.E.–1200 C.E. Part Three: An Age of Accelerating Connections, 500–1500 The Big Picture: Defining a Millennium 8. Commerce and Culture, 500–1500 9. East Asian Connections: China and the World, 500–1300 10. The Worlds of European Christendom: Connected and Divided, 500–1300 11. Afro-Eurasian Connections: The Worlds of Islam, 600–1500 12. Pastoral Peoples on the Global Stage: The Mongol Moment, 1200–1500 13. The Worlds of the Fifteenth Century Part Four: The Early Modern World, 1450-1750 The Big Picture: Debating the Character of an Era 14. Empires and Encounters, 1450–1750 15. Global Commerce, 1450–1750 16. Religion and Science, 1450–1750 Part Five: The European Moment in World History, 1750-1914 The Big Picture: European Centrality and the Problem of Eurocentrism 17. Atlantic Revolutions and Their Echoes, 1750–1914 18. Revolutions of Industrialization, 1750–1914 19. Internal Troubles, External Threats: China, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan, 1800–1914 20. Colonial Encounters, 1750-1914 Part Six: The Most Recent Century, 1914-2008 The Big Picture: The Twentieth Century: A New Period in World History? 21. The Collapse and Recovery of Europe, 1914–1970s 22. The Rise and Fall of World Communism, 1917–Present 23. Independence and Development in the Global South, 1914–Present 24. Accelerating Global Interaction Since 1945
Notes Index Complete Table of Contents VOLUME 1: To 1500 PrefacePrologue: From Cosmic History to Human History The History of the Universe
Snapshot: A History of the Universe as a Cosmic Calendar The History of a Planet The History of the Human Species…in a Single Paragraph: A Preview Why World History? Comparison, Connection, and Change: The Three Cs of World History
PART ONE: FIRST THINGS FIRST: BEGINNINGS IN HISTORY, to 500 B.C.E. The Big Picture: Turning Points in Early World History The Emergence of Humankind The Globalization of Humankind The Revolution of Farming The Turning Point of Civilization Landmarks of Early World History, to 500 B.C.E.
Chapter 1 First Peoples: Populating the Planet, to 10,000 B.C.E. Out of Africa to the Ends of the Earth: First Migrations Snapshot: The Long Road to the Global Presence of Humankind Into Eurasia Into Australia Into the Americas Into the Pacific The Ways We Were The First Human Societies Economy and the Environment The Realm of the Spirit Snapshot: The Paleolithic Era in Perspective Settling Down: "The Great Transition" Comparing Paleolithic Societies The San of Southern Africa The Chumash of Southern California Reflections: The Uses of the Paleolithic Second Thoughts What's the Significance? Big Picture Questions Next Steps: For Further Study
Chapter 2 First Farmers: The Revolutions of Agriculture, ca. 10,000 B.C.E. – 3000 B.C.E. The Agricultural Revolution in World History Comparing Agricultural Beginnings