Synopses & Reviews
Since being elected president in 1998, Hugo Chandaacute;vez has become the face of contemporary Venezuela and, more broadly, anticapitalist revolution. George Ciccariello-Maher contends that this focus on Chandaacute;vez has obscured the inner dynamics and historical development of the countryandrsquo;s Bolivarian Revolution. In We Created Chandaacute;vez
, by examining social movements and revolutionary groups active before and during the Chandaacute;vez era, Ciccariello-Maher provides a broader, more nuanced account of Chandaacute;vezandrsquo;s rise to power and the years of activism that preceded it.
Based on interviews with grassroots organizers, former guerrillas, members of neighborhood militias, and government officials, Ciccariello-Maher presents a new history of Venezuelan political activism, one told from below. Led by leftist guerrillas, women, Afro-Venezuelans, indigenous people, and students, the social movements he discusses have been struggling against corruption and repression since 1958. Ciccariello-Maher pays particular attention to the dynamic interplay between the Chandaacute;vez government, revolutionary social movements, and the Venezuelan people, recasting the Bolivarian Revolution as a long-term and multifaceted process of political transformation.
This history of Venezuelan politics from below tells how militants, students, women, Afro-indigeneous peoples, and the working-class brought about Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution and, ultimately, brought Hugo Chand#225;vez to power.
About the Author
George Ciccariello-Maher is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Drexel University.
Table of Contents
Map of Venezuela xii
Introduction. What People? Whose History? 1
1. A Guerrilla History 22
2. Reconnecting with the Masses 45
3. Birth of the andquot;Tupamarosandquot; 67
First Interlude. The Caracazo: History Splits in Two 88
4. Sergio's Blood: Student Struggles from the University to the Streets 105
5. Manuelita's Boots: Women between Two Movements 126
6. Josand#233;Leonardo's Body and the Collapse of Mestizaje 146
Second Interlude. Every Eleventh Has Its Thirteenth 166
7. Venezuelan Workers: Aristocracy or Revolutionary Class? 180
8. Oligarchs Tremble! Peasant Struggles at the Margins of the State 200
9. A New Proletariat? Informal Labor and the Revolutionary Streets 218
Conclusion. Dual Power against the Magical State 234