Synopses & Reviews
This is a best-selling text for Psychology of Women, Sex and Gender, or Sex Roles undergraduate courses offered by Psychology departments. Known for its engaging, never oversimplified style, Women and Gender features an integrated thematic organization synthesized in the final chapter. The authors, who are well-known, active scholars in the field, offer a feminist perspective--advocating basic equality of women and men socially, economically, and politically--while objectively reporting research findings.
About the Author
Mary Crawford is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Womens Studies Program at the University of Connecticut. She has taught the psychology of women and gender for twenty-five years, most of that time at West Chester University of Pennsylvania, where she earned the Trustees Achievement Award for lifetime professional accomplishment. She has also held the Jane W. Irwin Chair in Womens Studies at Hamilton College, served as Distinguished Visiting Teacher/Scholar at Trenton State College at The College of New Jersey, and directed the graduate program in womens studies at the University of South Carolina. She received her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Delaware. Professor Crawford is a consulting editor of Psychology of Women Quarterly, an associate editor of Feminism and Psychology, and a Fellow of both the American Psychological Society and the American Psychological Association. Mary Crawford has spoken and written about womens studies issues for audiences as diverse as the British Psychological Society, Ms. Magazine, and the Oprah Winfrey show. Works she has authored or edited include: Gender and Thought: Psychological Perspectives (1989); Talking Difference: On Gender and Language (1995); Gender Differences and Human Cognition (1997); Coming Into Her Own: Education Successes in Girls and Women (1999) and a special double issue of Psychology of Women Quarterly (1999) on innovative methods for feminist research.Rhoda Unger is Professor Emerita of Psychology at Montclair State University in New Jersey and Resident Scholar in Womens Studies at Brandeis University. She received her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from Harvard University. Professor Unger was the first recipient of the Carolyn Wood Sherif Award from the Division on the Psychology of Women of the American Psychological Association. She is also the recipient of two distinguished publication awards and a recent distinguished career award from the Association for Women in Psychology. She has been the president of the Division of the Psychology of Women and, more recently, president of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. She has lectured extensively in the United States and abroad as a Fulbright scholar in Israel, a distinguished lecturer at the University of British Columbia, and as a visiting fellow of the British Psychological Society. She is currently the book review editor of the international journal Feminism and Psychology. Professor Unger is the author or editor of seven previous books, including Resisting Gender: Twenty-five Years of Feminist Psychology; Representations: Social Constructions of Gender; Women, Gender, and Social Psychology; and Female and Male. She is currently the first editor of ASAP (Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy), an electronic journal sponsored by the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to a Feminist Psychology of Women
What Is Feminism?
Methods and Values in Scientific Inquiry
Themes of This Book
Our Goals for Our Students
2. Images of Women and Men
Media Images of Women and Men
The Impact of Media Sexism
Cross-cultural Similarities and Differences in Images of Women
Stereotypes: An Overview
Language and Stereotypes
Stereotypes as Social Demands
Stereotypes and Sexism
Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full?
3. Doing Gender
Gender as a Social Category
Gender Differences as Status Differences
Gender and the Use of Social Power
Women and Men Doing Gender
Internalizing Norms and Interpreting Discrimination
4. The Meanings of Difference
A Focus on Similarity: Working for Equality
Different or Similar? Gender and Math Abilities
The Similarities Tradition: Why It Matters
The Differences Tradition: Celebrating Women
The Differences Tradition: Why It Matters
Can Similarities and Differences be Reconciled?
5. Biology, Sex, and Gender
What Is Sex and What Are the Sexes?
Does the Human Brain Have a Sex?
Atypical Human Sexual Development
Cultural Constructions of Gender
6. Becoming Gendered: Childhood
Acquiring Gender: A Developmental Perspective
How Do Parents View Sons and Daughters? Gender Bias
How Does Society Foster Gender Typing?
The Socialization of Social Behaviors
Gender Role Scripts for Boys and Girls
Resisting Gender Rules
7. Becoming a Woman: Puberty and Adolescence
What Happens During Puberty?
Female Anatomy and Culture
Peers, Schools, and Social Power
Weight, Body Image, and Mental Health
How Do Girls Deal with the Stress of Adolescence?
Are barriers to Gender Equality Falling?
8. Sex, Love, and Romance
How Is Sexuality Shaped by Culture?
The Scientific Study of Sex
Lesbian and Bisexual Women
Romantic Love and Sexual Pleasure
Sexuality in Social Context
Where Is the Voices of Womens Desire?
9. Commitments: Women and Close Relationships
Ending the Commitment: Divorce and Separation
Equality and Commitment: Are They Incompatible Ideals?
Images of Mothers and Motherhood
The Decision to Have a Child
The Transition to Motherhood
The Event of Childbirth
Experiences of Mothering
The Future of Mothering
11. Work and Achievement
If She Isnt Paid, Is It Still Work?
Working Hard for a Living: Women in the Paid Workforce
Doing Gender in the Workplace
Womens Career Development: Are There Obstacles from Within?
Exceptional Work Lives
Putting It All Together: Work and Family
Woman, Work, and Social Policy: Models for Change
12. Midlife and Beyond
The Social Construction of Age
The Meanings of Midlife
Role Transitions of Middle and Later Life
Myths and Realities of Midlife Transitions
Older Women and Poverty
Caregiver Roles in Later Life
Losses Associated with Aging
Psychological Well-Being in the Second Half of Life
Activism and Feminism among Older Women
13. Violence Against Women (by Jacquelyn Weygandt White, Barrie Bondurant, and Patricia L. N. Donat)
A Framework for Understanding Violence against Women
Childhood Sexual Abuse
Acquaintance Sexual Assault and Rape
Partner Abuse against Women
Analyzing and Ending Violence
14. Mental and Physical Health
Gender and Psychological Disorders
Issues in Treatment
The Relationship Between Physical and Mental Health
When Is a Culture Healthy for Women?
15. Making a Difference: Toward a Better Future for Women
Psychology and Social Change
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