Synopses & Reviews
In the 1890s, Spanish entrepreneurs spearheaded the emergence of Cand#243;rdoba, Veracruz, as Mexicoand#8217;s largest commercial center for coffee preparation and export to the Atlantic community. Seasonal women workers quickly became the major part of the agroindustryand#8217;s labor force. As they grew in numbers and influence in the first half of the twentieth century, these women shaped the workplace culture and contested gender norms through labor union activism and strong leadership. Their fight for workersand#8217; rights was supported by the revolutionary state and negotiated within its industrial-labor institutions until they were replaced by machines in the 1960s.
Heather Fowler-Salaminiand#8217;s Working Women, Entrepreneurs, and the Mexican Revolution analyzes the interrelationships between the regionand#8217;s immigrant entrepreneurs, workforce, labor movement, gender relations, and culture on the one hand, and social revolution, modernization, and the Atlantic community on the other between the 1890s and the 1960s. Using extensive archival research and oral-history interviews, Fowler-Salamini illustrates the ways in which the immigrant and womenand#8217;s work cultures transformed Cand#243;rdobaand#8217;s regional coffee economy and in turn influenced the development of the nationand#8217;s coffee agro-export industry and its labor force.and#160;
andquot;The author provides a fascinating collective profile of women leaders and their rise from rank and file to a rotating leadership group that controlled union politics for decades.andquot;andmdash;Susie S. Porter, Hispanic American Historical Review
andquot;Heather Fowler-Salamini has given us a rich and satisfying book on the social and economic contours of coffee processing in the Candoacute;rdoba district of Veracruz.andquot;andmdash;Edward Beatty, Journal of Latin American Studies
About the Author
Heather Fowler-Salamini is a professor emerita of Latin American history at Bradley University. She is the author of Agrarian Radicalism in Veracruz, 1920and#8211;1938 (Nebraska, 1978) and the editor (with Mary Kay Vaughan) of Women of the Mexican Countryside, 1850and#8211;1990: Creating Spaces, Shaping Transition.