Synopses & Reviews
Recent advances in material technology and low temperature techniques have led to the discovery of new physical phenomena. Situations are now routinely achieved in which the electronic system is so dominated by interactions that the old concepts of a Fermi liquid are no longer necessarily a good starting point, particularly so in the theory of low-dimensional systems. Disorder is often an unavoidable complication in such systems, leading to a host of rich physical phenomena, which has pushed the forefront of fundamental research to the point where the interplay between many-body correlations and quantum interference enhanced by disorder has become the key to understanding novel phenomena. The topics included in this volume cover many exciting surprises found in novel nanostructures and low-dimensional devices of submicron size, including quantum interference and electron-electron interactions in transport in metals, semiconductors and superconductors, theories of the Luttinger liquid of electrons in carbon nanotubes, Wigner crystals in 2-D electronic systems, the Kondo effect in quantum dots in the Coulomb blockade regime, quantum chaos in ballistic and disordered microstructures, and mesoscopic effects in superconductors. Experimental papers cover the physics of the Kondo effect in 0-D devices, transport in 1-D nanotubes, magneto-optics of skyrmions and composite fermions in the quantum Hall regime, and a possible metal-insulator transition in 2-D electron and hole gases.
Synopsis
The topics included in this volume cover many exciting surprises found in novel nanostructures and low-dimensional devices of submicron size, including quantum interference and electron-electron interactions in transport in metals, semiconductors and superconductors, theories of the Luttinger liquid of electrons in carbon nanotubes, Wigner crystals in 2-D electronic systems, the Kondo effect in quantum dots in the Coulomb blockade regime, quantum chaos in ballistic and disordered microstructures, and mesoscopic effects in superconductors. Experimental papers cover the physics of the Kondo effect in 0-D devices, transport in 1-D nanotubes, magneto-optics of skyrmions and composite fermions in the quantum Hall regime, and a possible metal-insulator transition in 2-D electron and hole gases.
Synopsis
The physics of strongly correlated fermions and bosons in a disordered envi ronment and confined geometries is at the focus of intense experimental and theoretical research efforts. Advances in material technology and in low temper ature techniques during the last few years led to the discoveries of new physical of atomic gases and a possible metal phenomena including Bose condensation insulator transition in two-dimensional high mobility electron structures. Situ ations were the electronic system is so dominated by interactions that the old concepts of a Fermi liquid do not necessarily make a good starting point are now routinely achieved. This is particularly true in the theory of low dimensional systems such as carbon nanotubes, or in two dimensional electron gases in high mobility devices where the electrons can form a variety of new structures. In many of these sys tems disorder is an unavoidable complication and lead to a host of rich physical phenomena. This has pushed the forefront of fundamental research in condensed matter towards the edge where the interplay between many-body correlations and quantum interference enhanced by disorder has become the key to the understand ing of novel phenomena."
Table of Contents
Preface.
Part One: Zero-Dimensional Systems. The Kondo Screening Cloud;
I. Affleck. Quantum Interferometry with Electrons: Outstanding Challenges;
Y. Gefen. Photon Assisted Tunneling in Quantum Dots;
W.G. van der Wiel, et al. Part Two: One-Dimensional Systems. Bosonisation as the Hubbard-Stratonovich Transformation;
I.V. Yurkevich. Quasi One-dimensional Organic Conductors: Dimensional Crossover and Some Puzzles;
S. Biermann, et al. Proximity Induced and Intrinsic Superconductivity in Carbon Nanotubes;
M. Kociak, et al. Part Three: Two-Dimensional Systems. Quantum In-Plane Magnetoresistance in 2D Electron Systems;
J.S. Meyer, et al. Disordered Wigner crystals;
T. Giamarchi. Magneto-optics of Composite Fermions and Skyrmions;
I.V. Kukushkin. Metal-Insulator Transition in Dilute 2D Electron and Hole Gases;
A.K. Savchenko. Spectral Decomposition of Geodesic Flows on Constant Curvature Surfaces;
M. Muzykantskii, S. Roberts. Part Four: Systems of Any Dimensionality. Phase Coherence Phenomena in Disordered Superconductors;
A. Lamacraft, B.D. Simons. Keldysh and Doi-Peliti Techniques for out-of-Equilibrium Systems;
A. Kamenev. Nonlinear Sigma Model for Disordered Media: Replica Trick for Non-Perturbative Results and Interactions;
I.V. Lerner. Exact Functionals, Effective Actions and (Dynamical) Mean-Field Theories: Some Remarks;
A. Georges. Index.