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This volume covers the main topics in the theory of superdense QCD matter and its application to the astrophysics of compact stars in a comprehensive and yet accessible way. The material is presented as a combination of extensive introductory lectures and more topical contributions. The book is centered around the question whether hypothetical new states of dense matter in the compact star interior could give clues to the explanation of puzzling phenomena such as gamma-ray bursts, pulsar glitches, compact star cooling and gravitational waves.
Table of Contents
Dedication. Contributing Authors. Foreword. Acknowledgments. Part I Compact Stars: Dynamic stability of compact stars; G.S. Bishovaryi-Kogan. Introduction. Early development of the theory of compact stars: 1931-1965. Criteria of hydrodynamic stability. Energetic method. Search of quark stars. Summary. Acknowledgments. References. Constraints on Superdense Matter from X-ray Binaries; M. Coleman Miller. Introduction and Overview. Overview of Neutron Star X-ray Binaries. Radial Velocity Measurements. Spectral Line Profiles. Light Curve Profiles. Orbital Frequencies. Summary. Acknowledgments. References. Postglitch Relaxations of Angular Velocity of Pulsars; David M. Sedrakian, M.V. Hayrapetyan. Introduction. Relaxation solutions. Discussion. References. Isolated neutron stars: An astrophysical perspective; Sergei Popov and Roberto Turolla. Introduction. What's new. Discussion. Conclusion: What do we - astrophysicists - want from QCD theorists? Acknowledgments. References. Part II Superdense QCD Matter: Clusters and Condensates in the Nuclear Matter Equation of State; Gerd Röpke et al. Introduction. Ideal Mixture of Different Components. Relativistic mean field theory. Medium modifications of two-particle correlations. Medium modification of higher clusters. Comparison with the concept of excluded volume. Isospin singlet (pn) and triplet (nn, pp) pairing in nuclear matter. Alpha cluster condensation in threshold states of self-conjugate 4n nuclei. Conclusions. References. Nuclear equation of state and the structure of neutron stars; A.E.L. Dieperink et al. Introduction. Equation of state and symmetry energy . How well do we know the symmetry energy? Empirical information on the SE. Constraints on EoS from neutron stars. Acknowledgments. References. Neutron Star Structure with Hyperons and Quarks; M. Baldo et al. Brueckner theory. Three-body forces. EOS of nuclear matter from different TBF. Neutron star structure. Hyperons in nuclear matter. Quark matter. Conclusions. References. The QCD equation of state and quark star properties; A. Peshier et al. Introduction. Resummation and quasiparticle models. Implications for quark stars. References. Effective Lagrangians for QCD, Duality and Exact Results; Francesco Sannino. Effective Lagrangians for QCD. Color Flavor Locked Phase. Duality made transparent in QCD. 2 SC General Features and Effective Lagrangian. Non Perturbative Exact Results: Anomaly Matching Conditions. Acknowledgments. References. Color superconductivity and high density effective theory; Deog Ki Hong. Introduction. High Density Effective Theory. More on matching. Color superconductivity in dense QCD. Quark matter under stress. Positivity of HDET. References. Color superconducting quark matter and the interior of neutron stars; Micaela Oertel, Michael Buballa. Introduction. The scalar color antitriplet condensate. Spin-1 condensate for a two-flavor system. Neutral quark matter. Compact stars with a color superconducting quark matter core. Acknowledgments. References. Superconductivity with deformed Fermi surfaces and compact stars; Armen Sedrakian. Introduction. Homogeneous superconducting state. Superconducting phases with broken space symmetries. Flavor asymmetric quark condensates. Concluding remarks. References. Neutral Dense Quark Matter; Mei Huang, Igor Shovkovy. Introduction. Local charge neutrality: homogeneous phase. Global charge neutrality: mixed phase. Conclusion. References. Possibility of color magnetic superconductivity; Toshitaka Tatsumi et al. Introduction. What is ferromagnetism in quark matter? Color magnetic superconductivity. Chiral symmetry and magnetism. Summary and Concluding remarks. Acknowledgments. References. Magnetic Fields of Compact Stars with Superconducting Quark Cores; David M. Sedrakian et al. Introduction. Free Energy. Ginzburg-Landau equations. Vortex Structure. Solution of Ginzburg-Landau Equations. The Magnetic Field Components. Summary. References. Thermal Color-superconducting Fluctuations in Dense Quark Matter; D.N. Voskresensky. Acknowledgments. References. The inner structure of hybrid stars; Bela Lukacs et al. The Fifth Dimension. Field Equations. A Special Solution of the Field Equations. On the General Solution of the Field Equations. Matching Conditions on the Surface. The External Solution. Conclusion. Outlook. Acknowledgments. References. Part III Signals for QCD Matter in Compact Stars: Gamma-ray Bursts and their Central Engines; Stephan Rosswog. Introduction. Observations. The fireball model. Models for the Central Engine. Summary and Prospects. References. Superdense stars with a quark core; G. B. Alaverdyan et al. Introduction. Equations of state. Superdense configurations with a strange quark core. Results and Discussion. Summary. Acknowledgments. References. Diquark condensation effects on hot quark star configurations; A. Oztas et al. Thermodynamic potential for asymmetric 2SC quark matter. EoS for 2SC quark matter in /3-equilibrium. EoS of quark matter in 2SC phase for finite temperature. Conclusion. References. Gamma Ray Bursts and delayed Quark-deconfinement; Ignazio Bombaci et al. Introduction. Quantum nucleation of quark matter in hadronic stars. Results. Mass-to-radius ratio and internal constitution of compact stars. Quark Deconfinement Nova and GRBs. Summary. References. Color Superconducting Quark Matter and Compact Stars Observables; D.N. Aguilera et al. Introduction. Nonlocal chiral quark model (NCQM). EoS for nonstrange compact stars. Cooling of compact stars. Protoquark star evolution and Gamma Ray Bursts. Conclusions. References. Looking inside the Earth with solar and supernovaneutrinos: An analytic approach; A.N. Ioannisian, A.Yu. Smirnov. Introduction. C-perturbation theory and oscillation probabilities. Effect of averaging over neutrino energy. Conclusions. References. Deconfinement Phase Transition in Relativistic Neutron Star Mergers; G. Poghosyan et al. Introduction. Equation of State. Summary. References.