This volume contains the proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Computational Physics and New Perspectives in Turbulence, held at Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, in September 2006. With special emphasis given to fundamental aspects of the physics of turbulence, coverage includes experimental approaches to fundamental problems in turbulence, turbulence modeling and numerical methods, and geophysical and astrophysical turbulence.
Turbulence remains one of the most challenging problems in classical physics. The papers collected in this volume are the proceedings of an IUTAM S- posium on turbulence, entitled Computational Physics and New Perspectives in Turbulence. The symposium was held in September 2006, at Nagoya U- versity in Japan. The last few years have witnessed a rapid and dramatic rise in our ability to compute highly complex physical systems. As in other ?elds, this has had a major impact on the way in which we approach the problem of turbulence, opening up a new phase of research by providing an opportunity to study the nature of fully-developed turbulence in unprecedented detail. Leading experts in turbulence were brought together at this Symposium to exchange ideas and discuss, in the light of the recent progress in computational methods, new perspectives in our understanding of turbulence. The Symposium also fostered a vigorous interaction between those who pursue computations, and those concerned with developments in experiment and theory. There were 104 participants representing 13 countries, and the presen- tionsandconsequentdebateextendedoveraperiodoffourdays.Throughout, emphasis was placed on the fundamental physical interpretation of turbulent phenomenon. The topics covered included: (i) computational physics and the theoryofcanonicalturbulent?ows;(ii)experimentalapproachestofundam- tal problems in turbulence; (iii) turbulence modeling and numerical methods; and (iv) geophysical and astrophysical turbulence.
Part I Computational Physics and Theory for Canonical Turbulence: Some Contributions and Challenges of Computational Turbulence Research, by Javier Jiménez; Global Scaling Properties of Heat and Momentum Transport in Fluid Flow, by Bruno Eckhardt, Siegfried Grossmann, Detlef Lohse; Linear and Angular Momentum Invariants in Homogeneous Turbulence, by Peter Alan Davidson, Takaki Ishida, Yukio Kaneda; Energy Dissipation and Pressure in 4d Turbulence, by Toshiyuki Gotoh, Tohru Nakano, Yoshitaka Shiga, Yusaku Watanabe; On Intermittency in Shell Models and in Turbulent Flows, by Itamar Procaccia, Roberto Benzi, Luca Biferale; Enstropy Generation and Regularity of Solutions to the 3D Navier-Stokes Equations, by Charles R. Doering, Lu Lu; Attempts at Computer-Aided Understanding of Turbulenc, by Yukio Kaneda, Takashi Ishihara, Koji Morishita, Yoshinori Mizuno; Effect of Large-Scale Structures upon Near-Wall Turbulence, by Kaoru Iwamoto, Takahiro Tsukahara, Hideki Nakano, Hiroshi Kawamura; Multifractal Analysis by Using High--Resolution Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulence, by Takashi Ishihara, Hirotaka Higuchi; Fine Scale Eddy Cluster and Energy Cascade in Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence, by Mamoru Tanahashi, Kuniharu Fujibayashi, Toshio Miyauchi; Acceleration Statistics of Inertial Particles from High Resolution DNS Turbulence, by Federico Toschi, Jeremie Bec, Luca Biferale, Guido Boffetta, Antonio Celani, Massimo Cencini, Alessandra S. Lanotte, Stefano Musacchio; Heavy Particle Clustering in Turbulent Flows, by Jérémie Bec, Luca Biferale, Massimo Cencini, Alessandra Lanotte, Stefano Musacchio, Federico Toschi; Reynolds Number Effects on the Turbulent Mixing of Passive Scalars , by Jörg Schumacher; Statistical Theory of Turbulence Based on Cross-Independence Closure Hypothesis, by Tomomasa Tatsumi, Takahiro Yoshimura; Multi-Scale Analysis of Turbulence, by Malte Siefert, Stephan Luck, Andreas P. Nawroth, Joachim Feinke; Helicity within the Kolmogorov Phenomenology of Turbulence, by Susan Kurien; Anomalous Scaling Laws of Passive Scalar Intermittency in 3-Dimensional Turbulence, by Takeshi Watanabe; Multifractal PDF Analysis of Energy Dissipation Rates in Turbulence, by Toshihico Arimitsu, Naoko Arimitsu, Kyo Yoshida, Hideaki Mouri; Scale Interactions and Non-Local Flux in Hydrodynamic Turbulence, by Pablo D. Mininni, Alexandros Alexakis, Annick Pouquet; Control over Multiscale Mixing in Broadband-Forced Turbulence, by Arkadiusz K. Kuczaj, Bernard J. Geurts; Coherent Structures in Marginally Turbulent Square Duct Flow, by Markus Uhlmann, Aifredo Pinelli, Atsushi Sekimoto, Genta Kawahara; Extraction of Multi-Scale Vortical Structures from a Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence, by Waleed Abdel Kareem, Seiichiro Izawa, Ao-Kui Xiong, Yu Fukunishi; Orthonormal Divergence-Free Wavelet Analysis of Nonlinear Energy Transfer in Rolling-Up Vortices, by Keisuke Araki, Hideaki Miura; Wavelet-Based Statistics of Energy Transfer in High Reynolds Number Three-Dimensional Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence, by Naoya Okamoto, Katsunori Yoshimatsu; Part II Experimental Approach to Fundamental Problems in Turbulence: Visualization of Quantized Vortex Dynamics, by Gregory P. Bewley, Matthew S. Faoletti, Daniel P. Lathrop, Katepalli R. Sreenivasan; Lagrangian Measurements of Fluid and Inertial Particles in Decaying Grid Generated Turbulence, by Sathyanarayana Ayyalasomayajula, Armann Gylfason, Zellman Warhaft; Shear Effect on Pressure and Particle Acceleration in High-Reynolds-Number Turbulence, by Yoshiyuki Tsuji, Jens H. M. Fransson, P. Henrik. Alfredsson, Arne V. Johansson; On the Development of Wall-bounded Turbulent Flows, by Kapil A. Chauhan, Hassan M. Nagib; Scaling Law of the Near Wall Flow Subjected to an Adverse Pressure Gradient, by Shinsuke Mochizuki, Keisuke Ohta, Takatsugu Kameda, Hideo Osaka; Non-Equilibrium and Equilibrium Boundary Layers without Pressure Gradient, by Takatsugu Kameda, Shinsuke Mochizuki, Hideo Osaka; Experimental Study of Laminar Turbulent Boundary Layer Transition Influenced by Anisotropic Free Stream Turbulence, by Toshiaki Kenchi, Masaharu Matsubara; Statistical Features of Scalar Flux in a High-Schmidt-Number Turbulent Jet, by Yasuhiko Sakai, Kenji Uchida, Takashi Kubo, Kouji Nagata; Large Scale Structure in Turbulent Plane Couette Flow, by Masayuki Umeki, Osami Kitoh; Vortex Tubes in Turbulence Velocity Fields at High Reynolds Numbers, by Hideaki Mouri, Akihiro Hori, Yoshihide Kawashima; Wavelet Analysis of Vortex Breakdown, by Jon Elan Ruppert-Felsot, Marie Farge, Philippe Petitjeans; Part III Turbulence Modeling and Numerical Method: Renormalized Numerical Simulation of Flow over Planar and 3D Fractal Trees, by Stuart Chester, Charles Meneveau; Wavelet-Based Extraction of Coherent Vortices from High Reynolds Number Homogeneous Isotropic Turbulence; Katsunori Yoshimatsu, Naoya Okamoto, Kai Schneider, Marie Farge, Yukio Kaneda; Decaying 2D Turbulence in Bounded Domains: Influence of the Geometry, by Kai Schneider, Marie Farge; New One- and Two-point Scaling Laws in Zero Pressure Gradient Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow, by Martin Oberlack, George Khujadze; Intrinsic Langevin Models for Turbulence, by Hatem Touil, M. Yousuff Hussaini, Toshiyuki Gotoh, Robert Rubinstein, Stephen L. Woodruff; Analysis of the Reynolds Stress Using the Green's Function, by Fujihiro Hamba; On Turbulence Characteristics around the Two-Dimensional Symmetric Aerofoil : Kinematic Simulation and Experiments, by Yasuhiko Sakai, Shinji Tagawa, Kouji Nagata, Takashi Kubo, Julian C. R. Hunt; Eddy Viscosity in Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence, by Nobumitsu Yokoi, Robert Rubinstein, Akira Yoshizawa; Large Eddy Simulation of a Turbulent Boundary Layer Flow over Urban-Like Roughness, by Kojiro Nozawa, Tetsuro Tamura; A Spectral Method for Unbounded Domains and its Application to Wave Equations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, by Keiichi Ishioka; A Model for the Far-field Anisotropic Acoustic Emission of Rotating Turbulence, by Fabien Godeferd, Lukas Liechtenstein, Claude Cambon, Julian Scott, Benjamin Favier; Part IV Geophysical, Astrophysical and Complex Turbulences: Dynamics of the Small Scales in Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence, by Annick Pouquet, Pablo Mininni, David Montgomery, Alexandros Alexakis; Recent Experimental and Computational Studies Related to the Fluid Dynamics of Clouds, by B. Narasimha, G.S. Bhat; Strongly Anisotropic Turbulence Using Statistical Theory: Still a Computationally Demanding Problem, by Claude Cambon; Vortical Interactions with Interfacial Shear Layers, by Julian C.R. Hunt, Ian Eames, Jerry Westerweel; Magnetostrophic Turbulence and the Geodynamo, by H. Keith Moffatt; MHD Turbulence: Nonlocal, Anisotropic, Nonuniversal?, by Alexander A. Schekochihin, Steven C. Cowley, Tarek A. Yousef; Structure Formation in Stratified Turbulence, by Jackson B. Herring, Yoshifumi Kimura; Reduced Models for Rotating and Stratified Flows, by Leslie Smith, Mark Remmel; Three-Dimensional Stability of Vortices in a Stratified Fluid, by Pantxika Otheguy, Axel Deloncle, Paul Billant, Jean-Marc Chomaz; Simulation of Strongly Stratified Fluids, by C. Brethouwer, P. Billant, E. Lindborg; Numerical Simulation of Quantum Fluid Turbulence, by Kyo Yoshida, Toshihico Arimitsu; Turbulent Drag Reduction by Wall Deformation Synchronized with Flow Acceleration, by Ryo Matsumura, Shuhei Koyama, Yoshimichi Hagiwara; On the Large Scale Evolution of Rotating Turbulence , by Philip Staplehurst, Peter Davidson, Stuart Dalziel; Effects of the Slow Modes in the Differential Diffusion in Stratified Sheared Turbulence, by Hideshi Hanazaki; Numerical Study of 3-.D Free Convection under Rotation: Mean Wind and Bolgiano--Obukhov Scaling, by Takeshi Matsumoto, Takuya Mizukami, Sadayoshi Toh; The Horizontal Energy Spectra and Cascade Processes in Rotating Stratified Turbulence, by Yuji Kitamura, Yoshihisa Matsuda; Parameter Dependence of Eastward-Westward Asymmetric Jets in Forced Barotropic 2D Turbulence on a 3-plane, by Shin'ya Murakami, Takahiro Iwayama; Statistics of Quasi-geostrophic Vortex Patches, by Takeshi Miyazaki, Li Yingtai, Hiroshi Taira, Shintaro Hoshi, Naoya Takahashi, Hiroki Matsubara; The Breakdown of a Columnar Vortex with Axial Flow, by Naoya Takahashi, Takeshi Miyazaki; Evolution of an Elliptical Flow in Weakly Nonlinear Regime, by Yuji Hattori, Yasuhide Fukumoto, Kaoru Fujimura; List of Participants.