Synopses & Reviews
This modern introduction to the foundations of logic and mathematics not only takes theory into account, but also treats in some detail applications that have a substantial impact on everyday life (loans and mortgages, bar codes, public-key cryptography). A first college-level introduction to logic, proofs, sets, number theory, and graph theory, and an excellent self-study reference and resource for instructors.
Review
From the reviews: "The book under review covers the topics which can usually be found in textbooks of discrete mathematics for students in computer science or mathematics (Boolean logic, predicate calculus, sets and functions, induction, integers, rational numbers, cardinality, modular arithmetic, cryptography, combinatorics, probability, graphs) as well as more advanced topics in mathematical logic (intuitionistic logic, transfinite induction). While the range of topics is relatively standard, the way they are presented is highly original. The author has chosen a strictly formal and axiomatic approach. All the results are proved in full detail from first principles . . . remarkably, all the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions! . . . a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how the basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory. The author has managed to combine the foundational approach with a careful treatment of many applications. More than 1000 exercises complete the text. ...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory." --MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS "In order to give an idea of the originality of this book in combining theoretical and applied issues, having a source in everyday life and a strong impact on civilization, let us mention that the first section of Part A includes a typology of proofs and of theorems. The section on induction includes arithmetic in finance.
Review
From the reviews:
"The book under review covers the topics which can usually be found in textbooks of discrete mathematics for students in computer science or mathematics (Boolean logic, predicate calculus, sets and functions, induction, integers, rational numbers, cardinality, modular arithmetic, cryptography, combinatorics, probability, graphs) as well as more advanced topics in mathematical logic (intuitionistic logic, transfinite induction). While the range of topics is relatively standard, the way they are presented is highly original. The author has chosen a strictly formal and axiomatic approach. All the results are proved in full detail from first principles . . . remarkably, all the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions! . . . a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how the basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory. The author has managed to combine the foundational approach with a careful treatment of many applications. More than 1000 exercises complete the text. ...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory."
--MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
"In order to give an idea of the originality of this book in combining theoretical and applied issues, having a source in everyday life and a strong impact on civilization, let us mention that the first section of Part A includes a typology of proofs and of theorems. The section on induction includes arithmetic in finance.
Synopsis
This modem introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computer science answers frequent questions that mysteriously remain mostly unanswered in other texts: Why is the truth table for the logical implication so unintuitive? Why are there no recipes to design proofs? Where do these numerous mathematical rules come from? What are the applications of formal logic and abstract mathematics? What issues in logic, mathematics, and computer science still remain unresolved? Answers to such questions must necessarily present both theory and significant applica tions, which explains the length of the book. The text first shows how real life provides some guidance for the selection of axioms for the basis of a logical system, for instance, Boolean, classical, intuitionistic, or minimalistic logic. From such axioms, the text then derives de tailed explanations of the elements of modem logic and mathematics: set theory, arithmetic, number theory, combinatorics, probability, and graph theory, with applications to computer science. The motivation for such detail, and for the organization of the material, lies in a continuous thread from logic and mathematics to their uses in everyday life."
Table of Contents
Preface * Outline * Part A. Theory * 0. Boolean Algebraic Logic * 1. Logic and Deductive Reasoning * 2. Set Theory * 3. Induction, Recursion, Arithmetic, Cardinality * 4. Decidability and Completeness * Part B. Applications * 5. Number Theory and Codes * 6. Ciphers, Combinatorics, and Probabilities * 7. Graph Theory * Bibliography * Index