Synopses & Reviews
This book is an English translation of Hilbert's Zahlbericht, the monumental report on the theory of algebraic number field which he composed for the German Mathematical Society. In this magisterial work Hilbert provides a unified account of the development of algebraic number theory up to the end of the nineteenth century. He greatly simplified Kummer's theory and laid the foundation for a general theory of abelian fields and class field theory. David Hilbert (1862-1943) made great contributions to many areas of mathematics - invariant theory, algebraic number theory, the foundations of geometry, integral equations, the foundations of mathematics and mathematical physics. He is remembered also for his lecture at the Paris International Congress of Mathematicians in 1900 where he presented a set of 23 problems "from the discussion of which an advancement of science may be expected" - his expectations have been amply fulfilled.
Synopsis
Constance Reid, in Chapter VII of her book Hilbert, tells the story of the writing of the Zahlbericht, as his report entitled Die Theorie der algebra is chen Zahlkorper has always been known. At its annual meeting in 1893 the Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung (the German Mathematical Society) invited Hilbert and Minkowski to prepare a report on the current state of affairs in the theory of numbers, to be completed in two years. The two mathematicians agreed that Minkowski should write about rational number theory and Hilbert about algebraic number theory. Although Hilbert had almost completed his share of the report by the beginning of 1896 Minkowski had made much less progress and it was agreed that he should withdraw from his part of the project. Shortly afterwards Hilbert finished writing his report on algebraic number fields and the manuscript, carefully copied by his wife, was sent to the printers. The proofs were read by Minkowski, aided in part by Hurwitz, slowly and carefully, with close attention to the mathematical exposition as well as to the type-setting; at Minkowski's insistence Hilbert included a note of thanks to his wife. As Constance Reid writes, "The report on algebraic number fields exceeded in every way the expectation of the members of the Mathemati cal Society. They had asked for a summary of the current state of affairs in the theory. They received a masterpiece, which simply and clearly fitted all the difficult developments of recent times into an elegantly integrated theory."
Synopsis
A translation of Hilberts "Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper" best known as the "Zahlbericht", first published in 1897, in which he provides an elegantly integrated overview of the development of algebraic number theory up to the end of the nineteenth century. The Zahlbericht also provided a firm foundation for further research in the theory, and can be seen as the starting point for all twentieth century investigations into the subject, as well as reciprocity laws and class field theory. This English edition further contains an introduction by F. Lemmermeyer and N. Schappacher.
Table of Contents
From the contents: The Theory of General Number Fields.- Galois Number Fields.- Quadratic Number Fields.- Cyclotomic Fields.- Kummer Number Fields.