Synopses & Reviews
The subject of the book, considering the study of the interactions between atmospheric forces, water masses, and living resources in the Southern Oceans, is not only of scientific interest but also of practical importance, especially for the management of the resources and the protection of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. What is known on the variability in the Antarctic ocean circulation and what are possible causes for such variations? To what extent and how does this variability influence primary productivity, zooplankton, and in particular, the distribution and abundance of krill? What are the subsequent effects on krill predators, such as seals, penguins, fishes and squid? The book reviews present knowledge and encourages further work in this field.
During the intensification of research activities in the Southern Ocean in recent years, both at national levels and through international cooperation in such projects as BIOMASS with its FIBEX and SIBEX phases, the need was felt increasingly for closer collaboration between biologists, meteorologists, and oceanographers in the study of the interaction between the atmospheric forces, the water masses, and the living resources. Better knowledge in this regard is not only of scientific interest but also of practical importance, especially for the management of the resources and the protection of the Antarctic marine ecosystem. As a follow-up on a recommendation by the IOC Program Group for the Southern Oceans made in March 1983, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission organized a meeting of experts on oceanography related to the dynamics of the Antarctic ecosystems. During this meeting, held in Kiel, Federal Republic of Ger many, in May 1984, biologists and oceanographers involved in BIOMASS activities met with the oceanographers of SCOR Working Group 74 to discuss ways and means for additional physical and chemical observations in the oceanographic research within BIOMASS. It was the time when large fluctuations in the distribution of krill with subsequent detrimental effects on predator species dependent on krill had just been observed, and the question arose whether this was possibly the result of changes in the Antarctic water circulation."
Table of Contents
Contents: Meso/Large-Scale Variability in the Environment.- Meso/Large-Scale Variability in the Biota (Related to the Environment).- Krill Variability in Relation to the Environment.- Krill Variability Detected from Predator Studies.- Summary and Conclusions.- Subject Index.