Synopses & Reviews
and#147;Huhtamo and Parikka, from the first and second generations of media archaeology, have brought together the best writings from almost all of the best authors in the field. Whether we speak of cultural materialism, media art history, new historicism or software studies, the essays compiled here provide not only an anthology of innovative historical case studies, but also a methodology for the future of media studies as material and historical analysis. Media Archaeology
is destined to be a key handbook for a new generation of media scholars.and#8221;
and#151;Sean Cubitt, author of The Cinema Effect
"Taken together, this excellent collection of essays by a wide range of scholars and practitioners demonstrates how the emerging field of media archaeology not only excavates the ways in which newer media work to remediate earlier forms and practices but also sketches out how older media help to premediate new ones."
and#151;Richard Grusin, author of Premediation: Affect and Mediality after 9/11
and#147;In Media Archaeology, a constellation of interdisciplinary writers explore societyand#8217;s relationship with the technological imaginary through history, with fascinating essays on influencing machines, Freud as media theorist, interactive games from the 19th century to the present day, just to name a few. As an artist, my mind is set on fire by discussions of the marvelous inventions that never made it to the mainstream, such as optophonic poetry, Christopher Stracheyand#8217;s 1952 and#145;Love letter generatorand#8217; for the Manchester Mark II computer, and the and#145;Baby talkie.and#8217;and#8221;
and#151;Zoe Beloff, artist and editor of The Coney Island Amateur Psychoanalytic Society and Its Circle
"A long-awaited synthesis addressing media archaeology in all of its epistemological complexity. With wide-ranging intellectual breath and creative insight, Huhtamo and Parikka bring together an eminent array of international scholars in film and media studies, literary criticism, and history of science in the spirit of making the discourse of the humanities legible to artist-intellectuals. This foundational volume enables a sophisticated understanding of reproducible audiovisual media culture as apparatus, historical form, and avant-garde space of play."
and#151;Peter J. Bloom, author of French Colonial Documentary: Mythologies of Humanitarianism
"An essential read for everyone interested in the histories of media and art."
and#151;Oliver Grau, author of MediaArtHistories
"Media archaeology is a wonderful new shadow field. If you are willing to step outside the glow of new media, this book's approaches can shift how you experience the objects and experiences that fill the new everyday of contemporary life. No one captures the beauty of studying new media in the shadow of older media implements and practices better than Erkki Huhtamo, the Finnish writer, curator, and scholar of media technology and design famous for his creative work as a preservationist and an interpreter of pre-cinematic technologies of visual display. He has teamed up here with Jussi Parikka, the Finnish scholar who has brought us an insect theory of media, to give us this long-awaited collection of essays in media archaeology. The surprise of the book is that the essays collectively bring forward a range of approaches to considering archaeological practice, giving us new ways to think about our embodied and subjective orientations to technologies and objects through the lens of the material remnants of practice, rather than offering a narrow definition of the field. The collection moves between computational machines and influencing machines, preservation and imagination, offering a range of ways to live the new everyday of media experience through the imaginary of archaeology."
and#151;Lisa Cartwright, co-author of Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture
and#147;Where McLuhanand#8217;s Understanding Media ends, Media Archaeology actually begins. Refusing the often futile search for the eternal laws of media, Media Archaeology does something more difficult and rare. It literally brings the history of media alive by drawing into presence the enigmatic, heterogeneous, unruly past of the mediaand#151;its artifacts, machines, imaginaries, tactics, and games. What results is a fabulous cabinet of (media) memories: the imaginary moving with kinetic frenzy, histories of what happens when media collide in the electronic space of the virtual, and stories about those strange interstitial spaces between analogue and digital.and#8221;
and#151;Arthur Kroker, author of The Will to Technology and the Culture of Nihilism
and#147;Rupturing the continuities and established values of traditional media history, this exciting and thought-provoking collection makes a significant contribution to our understanding of media culture, and demonstrates that the presence of the past in present-day media is central to the recognition and re-cognition that media archaeology promotes.and#8221;
and#151;John Fullerton, editor of Screen Culture: History and Textuality
and#147;Here, at last, is a collection of essays that are a critical step to comprehending the history of our impulse to see ourselves in the machines we have made. This could be the beginning of 'Archaeology of Intention.'"
and#151;Bernie Lubell, artist
and#147;Huhtamo and Parikkaand#8217;s expertly curated collection is a kaleidoscopic tour of media archaeology, giving us forceful evidence of that unruly domainand#8217;s vitality while preserving its wonderful unpredictability. With this essential volume, countless new paths have been opened up for media and cultural historians."
and#151;Charles R. Acland, author of Screen Traffic
and#147;This brilliant collection of essays provides much needed material and historical grounding for our understanding of new media. At the same time, it animates that ground by recognizing the integral roles that imagination, embodiment, and even productive disturbance play in media historiography. Yet these essays constitute more than a collection of historical case studies; together, they transform the bookand#8217;s subject into its overall method. Media Archaeology performs media archaeology. Huhtamo and Parikka excavate the intellectual traditions and map the epistemological terrain of media archaeology itself, demonstrating that the field is ripe with possibilities not only for further historical examination, but also for imagining exciting new scholarly and creative futures.and#8221;
and#151;Shannon Mattern, The New School
and#8220;A fascinating addition to work carried out in the social sciences.and#8221;
and#8220;Most of this succinct and worrying book is about detention itself, but an intriguing section goes on to look at ex-detainees trying to piece together the semblance of lives after their ordeal.and#8221;
and#8220;With Manners and Mischief, as with their previous work, Bardsley and Miller demonstrate what commitment to serious fun can look like.and#8221;
and#8220;Manners and Mischief disdains frivolity and stands firm as an academic text for students serious about extending their anthropological knowledge of Japan.and#8221;
"The authors bring wide-ranging scholarship to bear on the contradictions between the logic of rights and of carceral control. . . . There are no simple truths in this exceptional work of scholarship, which is important for criminology, sociology, law, and political science."
Having gained unique access to California prisoners and corrections officials and to thousands of prisonersand#8217; written grievances and institutional responses, Kitty Calavita and Valerie Jenness take us inside one of the most significant, yet largely invisible, institutions in the United States. Drawing on sometimes startlingly candid interviews with prisoners and prison staff, as well as on official records, the authors walk us through the byzantine grievance process, which begins with prisoners filing claims and ends after four levels of review, with corrections officials usually denying requests for remedies. Appealing to Justice is both an unprecedented study of disputing in an extremely asymmetrical setting and a rare glimpse of daily life inside this most closed of institutions. Quoting extensively from their interviews with prisoners and officials, the authors give voice to those who are almost never heard from. These voices unsettle conventional wisdoms within the sociological literatureand#151;for example, about the reluctance of vulnerable and/or stigmatized populations to name injuries and file claims, and about the relentlessly adversarial subjectivities of prisoners and correctional officialsand#151;and they do so with striking poignancy. Ultimately, Appealing to Justice reveals a system fraught with impediments and dilemmas, which delivers neither justice, nor efficiency, nor constitutional conditions of confinement.
This book introduces an archaeological approach to the study of media - one that sifts through the evidence to learn how media were written about, used, designed, preserved, and sometimes discarded. Edited by Erkki Huhtamo and Jussi Parikka, with contributions from internationally prominent scholars from Europe, North America, and Japan, the essays help us understand how the media that predate todayand#8217;s interactive, digital forms were in their time contested, adopted and embedded in the everyday. Providing a broad overview of the many historical and theoretical facets of Media Archaeology as an emerging field, the book encourages discussion by presenting a full range of different voices. By revisiting and#145;oldand#8217; or even and#145;deadand#8217; media, it provides a richer horizon for understanding and#145;newand#8217; media in their complex and often contradictory roles in contemporary society and culture.
"A beautifully written, compelling, and heartbreaking account of the promise and failure of the rule of law; there is no one better able to tell the story of these prisoners."and#151;Susan S. Silbey, Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
"Reveals both the deep tensions between legal rights and carceral control and the profound asymmetry of dispute processing in this distinctive total institution."and#151;Robert M. Emerson, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles
"Dispels myths about inmate complaints while capturing surprisingly candid staff comments regarding their mission, inmate rights, and the incarcerated. A must-read."and#151;Jeanne Woodford, Former Undersecretary of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
and#147;At once profoundly depressing and uplifting. Do not look for simple solutions in this book; it is filled with complicated truths."and#151;Malcolm Feeley, Claire Sanders Clements Dean's Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley
"Top-rate interdisciplinary scholarship, thoughtful analysis, and smart, sensitive field study.and#8221;and#151;Doran Larson, Director of the American Prison Writing Archive and the Program in Jurisprudence, Law, and Justice Studies, Hamilton College
"Through engaging prose and evocative evidence, Calavita and Jenness demonstrate how the legal consciousness of prisoners and prison officials reveals and reinforces the incoherence of imprisonment."and#151;Rosemary Gartner, Professor of Criminology, University of Toronto
"This compelling book provides both an illuminating account of life inside twenty-first century American prisons and a pathbreaking analysis of disputing processes in an uncommon place of law.and#160; The authors skillfully weave together complex information from interviews and documentary sources to demonstrate powerfully that people in a repressive environment, utilizing a hollow and unresponsive formal process, can nevertheless courageously maintain an insistent rights consciousness."and#151;George Lovell, Harry Bridges Endowed Chair in Labor Studies, Professor and Chair of Political Science, University of Washington
This book, based on a two-year study of former prisoners of the U.S. governmentand#8217;s detention facility at Guantand#225;namo Bay, Cuba, reveals in graphic detail the cumulative effect of the Bush administrationand#8217;s and#147;war on terror.and#8221; Scrupulously researched and devoid of rhetoric, the book deepens the story of post-9/11 America and the nationand#8217;s descent into the netherworld of prisoner abuse. Researchers interviewed more than sixty former Guantand#225;namo detainees in nine countries, as well as key government officials, military experts, former guards, interrogators, lawyers for detainees, and other camp personnel. We hear directly from former detainees as they describe the events surrounding their capture, their years of incarceration, and the myriad difficulties preventing many from resuming a normal life upon returning home. Prepared jointly by researchers with the Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, and the International Human Rights Law Clinic, University of California, Berkeley School of Law, in partnership with the Center for Constitutional Rights, The Guantand#225;namo Effect contributes significantly to the debate surrounding the U.S.and#8217;s commitment to international law during war time.
"Though unparalleled in its perfidy, our era is also the first in which people are trying to do something about crimes against humanity and such treacheries as torture and cruel and inhumane treatment of others. The first step toward remediation is exposure of wrongs, and this is the task ably researched and brilliantly presented by Laurel E. Fletcher and Eric Stover in The Guantanamo Effect
. Their well-written narrative style makes the work a unique teaching resource, and the scholarship on this important topic is first rate. As such, it deserves widespread attention and public understanding."and#151;Richard Pierre Claude, Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland
"The Guantanamo Effect expands our view of one of the most significant aspects of U.S. policy: our conduct in the 'War on Terror', which has deeply shaped perceptions of the U.S. around the world. As a piece of primary research, this work will be of great value to anyone coming to terms with this painful history. It may also help provide a cautionary tale to other countries designing detainee policies. This will be an area of continued interest for decades."and#151;Christopher Kutz, Professor of Law, Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program, University of California, Berkeley
and#147;What happened to prisoners at Guantanamo is one of the most shameful moments in recent American history. Anyone who seeks the truth about these eventsand#151;now and for years to comeand#151;will be in debt to this study, which is comprehensive and careful, poignant and devastating.and#8221; and#151;Adam Hochschild, author of King Leopold's Ghost
"The Guantanamo Effect takes its place at the forefront of a dark and powerful literature describing what happened to prisoners taken by United States forces in the War on Terror. In this pathbreaking book we hear the voices of 62 released detainees describe in painful detail what happened before they were brought to Guantanamo, what happened to them in the offshore prison, and what came after they were released. The book is impeccably researched and clearly written, the tone calm, patient, unflinching. However much we want to banish this grim and powerful story to the past, in fact we are living with it still. The Guantanamo Effect is hard to read. It is vital that it be read."and#151;Mark Danner, author of Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib and The War on Terror
Offering a concise, entertaining snapshot of Japanese society, Manners and Mischief
examines etiquette guides, advice literature, and other such instruction for behavior from the early modern period to the present day and discovers how manners do in fact make the nation. Eleven accessibly written essays consider a spectrum of cases, from the geisha party to gay bar cool, executive grooming, and good manners for subway travel. Together, they show that etiquette is much more than fussy rules for behavior. In fact the idiom of manners, packaged in conduct literature, reveals much about gender and class difference, notions of national identity, the dynamics of subversion and conformity, and more. This richly detailed work reveals how manners give meaning to everyday life and extraordinary occasions, and how they can illuminate larger social and cultural transformations.
"Manners and Mischief
is a cohesive, stimulating volume. Reading these essays and the editors' enlightening introduction was a joy: I learned a great deal, smiled and laughed with uncommon regularity, and marveled at the quality of this remarkable collection." -William M. Tsutsui, author of Godzilla on My Mind
"This book is full of fascinating insights. Well-written and often witty, it captures a detailed snapshot of Japanese society in the early 21st century. I would say this is the most insightful book on modern Japan I have read in years." -Liza Dalby, anthropologist and novelist
At a cost of $500 billion to American taxpayers, the savings and loan debacle of the 1980s was the worst financial crisis of the twentieth century as well as a crime unparalleled in American history. Yet the vast majority of its perpetrators will never be prosecuted, and those who were have received minimal sentences. In the first in-depth scrutiny of the ways and means of this disaster, this groundbreaking book comes to disturbing conclusions about the deliberate nature of this financial fraud, the political collusion involved, and the leniency of the criminal justice system in dealing with these "Gucci-clad white-collar criminals."
Using material from over one hundred interviews with government officials and industry leaders and recently declassified documents, the authors show howand#151;contrary to previous government and "expert" explanations that chalked the disaster up to business risks gone awry or adverse economic conditionsand#151;SandL leaders engaged in deliberate fraud, stealing from their own corporations to speculate on high-risk ventures. Tempted by the insurance net, perpetrators looted their own institutions in a new kind of white-collar crime the authors dub "collective embezzlement."
Big Money Crime also demonstrates how systematic political collusionand#151;not just policy errorsand#151;was a critical ingredient in this unprecedented series of frauds. Bringing together statistics from a variety of government agencies, the authors provide a close reading of the track record of prosecutions and sentencing and find that "suite crime" receives much more lenient treatment than "street crime," despite its significantly higher price tag. The book concludes with a number of modest, but no less urgent, policy recommendations to counter the current deregulatory trend and to avert a replay of the SandL debacle in other financial sectors.
FROM THE BOOK:"We built thick walls; we have cameras; we have time clocks on the vaults . . . all these controls were to protect against somebody stealing the cash. Well, you can steal far more money, and take it out the back door. The best way to rob a bank is to own one."and#151;House Committee on Government Operations, 1988
"An important, arresting book."and#151;Michael Rogin, author of Blackface, White Noise
"This is a great book. Well written and argued, extensively documented, it is without doubt the definitive report on the S and L scandals. Calavita, Pontell and Tillman lay to rest, once and for all, the convenient canard that 'bad management' and 'bad economic conditions' caused the S and L disaster. Their clear, careful analyses make it crystal clear that massive insider fraud was basic in every sense."and#151;Laureen Snider, Queens University (Ontario, Canada)
About the Author
is Professor Emerita of Criminology, Law and Society and of Sociology at UC Irvine. Her books include Invitation to Law and Society: An Introduction to the Study of Real Law; Immigrants at the Margins: Law, Race, and Exclusion in Southern Europe; Big Money Crime: Fraud and Politics in the Savings and Loan Crisis;
and Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the INS.
Valerie Jenness is Professor of Criminology, Law and Society and of Sociology at UC Irvine, where she is also Dean of the School of Social Ecology. Her books include Making Hate a Crime: From Social Movement to Law Enforcement Practice; Hate Crimes: New Social Movements and the Politics of Violence; Making It Work: The Prostitutes' Rights Movement in Perspective; and Routing the Opposition: Social Movements, Public Policy, and Democracy.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
1. Introduction: An Archaeology of Media Archaeology
Erkki Huhtamo and Jussi Parikka
Part I: Engines of/in the Imaginary
2. Dismantling the Fairy Engine: Media Archaeology as Topos Study
3. On the Archaeology of Imaginary Media
4. On the Origins of the Origins of the Influencing Machine
5. Freud and the Technical Media: The Enduring Magic of the Wunderblock
Part II: (Inter)facing Media
6. The and#147;Baby Talkie,and#8221; Domestic Media, and the Japanese Modern
7. The Observerand#8217;s Dilemma: To Touch or Not to Touch
8. The Game Playerand#8217;s Duty: The User as the Gestalt of the Ports
9. The Enduring Ephemeral, or The Future Is a Memory
Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
Part III: Between Analogue and Digital
10. Erased Dots and Rotten Dashes, or How to Wire Your Head for a Preservation
11. Media Archaeography: Method and Machine versus History and Narrative of Media
12. Mapping Noise: Techniques and Tactics of Irregularities, Interception, and Disturbance
13. Objects of Our Affection: How Object Orientation Made Computers a Medium
14. Digital Media Archaeology: Interpreting Computational Processes
15. Afterword: Media Archaeology and Re-presencing the Past