Is there a truly Arab feminist movement? Is there such a thing as 'Islamic' feminism? What does it mean to be a 'feminist' in the Arab world today? Does it mean grappling with the more theoretical elements of the movement? Or does it mean an involvement at the grassroots level with everyday activism? This book examines the issues and controversies that are hotly-debated and contested when it comes to the concept of feminism and gender in Arab society today. It offers explorations of both the theoretical issues at play, the latest developments in feminist discourse, literary studies and sociology, as well as empirical data concerning the situation of women in Arab countries, such as Iraq and Palestine. Arab Feminisms therefore offers valuable theoretical analysis as well as indispensable first-hand accounts of feminism in the Arab world for those researching gender relations in the Middle East and beyond.
Jean Said Makdisi lives in Beirut and is the author of Beirut Fragments: A War Memory.
Noha Bayoumi is Secretary General of the Lebanese Association of Women Researchers and works at the Lebanese University.
Rafif Rida Sidawi is independent scholar, Beirut, Lebanon
Introduction. Jean Said Makdisi, Noha Bayoumi and Rafif Sidawi.
PART I: Variety in Understanding Feminist Concepts and Discourse
1. What Do Women Want? A Critical Mapping of Future Directions for Arab Feminisms. Mervat Hatem.
2. Gender Studies in the Arab World: Reflections and Questions on the Challenges of Discourses, Locations and History. Hoda Elsadda.
3. Recognition of Difference: Towards a More Effective Feminism. Najla Hamadeh.
4. Research Methods and Probing Feminist Thought. Nahawand el-Kadri Issa.
5. From Women's Rights to Feminism: The Urgent Need for an Arab Feminist Renaissance. Zeina Zaatari.
6. Feminist Discourse in the Arab Theatre. Watfa Hamadi.
7. Huqouq al Mar'a: Feminist Thought and the Language of the Arab Women's Movements. Jean Said Makdisi.
8. Femininity and Feminist Studies: Research, The Researcher, and Cultural Constrictions in Lebanon. Noha Bayoumi.
9. The Creative Arab Woman: Opposing the Stereotypical Image and Dismantling the Prevalent Discourse. Fawzia Abdullah Abu-Khaled.
10. Does Saudi Feminism Exist? Hatoon Ajwad el-Fassi.
11. Arab Feminism: Obstacles and Possibilities. Suad Zayed Al-Oraimi.
12. The Cultural Frameworks and Theoretical Boundaries of Arab Feminism. Kulthum Ghanem.
13. Feminism's Difference Problem. Joan W. Scott.
14. Feminism as Critique. Nivedita Menon.
PART II: The Crisis of Feminism in the Context of War, Civil Conflict, and Military Occupation
15. Feminism Between Secularism and Islamism: The Case of Palestine. Islah Jad.
16. Palestinian Feminist Organisations in the Post-Oslo Era:The Binary Nature of Feminist Discourse. Eileen Kuttab.
17. Liberation Struggles: Reflections on The Palestinian Women's Movement. Amal Amireh.
18. Indigenising Feminist Knowledge: Palestinian Feminist Thought between the Physics of International Power and the Theology of Racist 'Security'. Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian.
19. The Developing Role of Colonial Feminists in Iraq. Haifa Zangana.
20. Women's Resistance and Struggle in Afghanistan and Diasporic Communities. Elaheh Rostami-Povey.
21. Women Struggling against the Legacy of Colonialism in East Asia. Mari Oka.
22. Conflicts and Wars: Women's Silent Discourse. Anicée Al Amine Merhi.
23. The Role of Feminist Movements in Establishing Peace and Improving The Condition of Women in Areas of Armed Conflict. Amira Yousef al-Badri.
24. Terrorizing Masculinities and Ambivalent Responses in Wajdi Mouawad's Scorched. Dina Georgis.
25. The Child Torn between War and the Adult World: In the Battlefields by Danielle Arbid. Dalia Said Mustafa.
PART III: Islamic Feminism: Approaches and Visions
26. Sisters in Islam. Zainah Anwar.
27. Accounting for Affect: Kuwaiti Women Between Freedom and Apathy. Mai Al-Nakib.
28. Islamic Feminism in Egypt: Between Acceptance and Rejection. Hoda El-Saadi.
29. Islamic Feminism: A New Feminist Movement or a Strategy by Women for Acquiring Rights? Amal Grami.
30. Trends and Directions in Contemporary Islamic Feminist Research. Omaima Abou-Bakr.
31. Poststructuralist Theory and Women in the Middle East: Going in Circles? Marnia Lazreg.
32. Two Faces of the Revivalof Feminist Qur'anic Exegesis: 'A'ishaAbd al-Rahman and Amina Wadud. Husn Abboud.
33. Rokeya In The World: Feminism And Islam In 20th Century Bengal. Elora Shehabuddin.
PART IV: Feminism in a Global Context
34. Tracing Dollars, Mapping Colonial Feminism: America Funds Women's 'Democracy' Training in Iraq. Shahrzad Mojab.
35. Gender in Modern Counterinsurgency. Laleh Khalili.
36. Reading Between the Lines: Sexual Politics and Publishing in the Age of Public Diplomacy. Vron Ware.
37. The Blind Traditional Subject and Suitcase Patriarchies. Kumkum Sangari.
38. Black Feminism and the World. Hazel Carby.
39. Between Feminism and Social Engineering: The Troubled Trajectory of International Gender Activism. Deniz Kandiyoti.