Synopses & Reviews
This book is the outcome of a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in Istanbul, Turkey, August 30 - September 12, 1987. The subject of the book is computer integrated manufacturing. The purpose is to bring together decision support, artificial intelligence, knowledge based and fuzzy systems and integrate them into advanced manufacturing technologies, production planning, flexible and programmable systems of the future. European and Japanese perspectives lay the ground works for the current practices from the perspective of industry and research. The challenges are: management decision support systems; artificial intelligence and knowledge based systems. Management of uncertainties is dealt with as frontier treatment of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logics. Various models of manufacturing technology related operation research models attempt to bring answers to problems of flexibility and integration, shape modelling and automated inspection. Only four articles deal with current status. In the remaining seventeen articles, the reader will find results associated with current research that attempts to find answers to challenging problems forecasted to be in the factories of the future.
The Current state of expectations is that Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) will ulti- mately determine the industrial growth of world nations within the next few decades. Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS), Robotics together with Knowledge and Information Based Systems (KIBS) and Com- munication Networks are expected to develop to a mature state to respond effectively to the managerial requirements of the factories of the future that are becoming highly integrated and complex. CIM represents a new production approach which will allow the factories to deliver a high variety of products at a low cost and with short production cycles. The new technologies for CIM are needed to develop manufacturing environments that are smarter, faster, close-cou- pled, integrated, optimized, and flexible. Sophistication and a high degree of specialization in materials science, artificial intelligence, communications technology and knowledge-information science techniques are needed among others for the development of realizable and workable CIM systems that are capable of adjusting to volatile markets. CIM factories are to allow the production of a wide variety of similar products in small batches through standard but multi- mission oriented designs that accommodate flexibility with specialized software.
Table of Contents
Contents: Current Status.- New Directions.- Management of Uncertainty.- Models Toward Integration.- Author Index.- Subject Index.