Synopses & Reviews
Many novel cooperative phenomena found in a variety of systems studied by scientists can be treated using the uniting principles of synergetics. Examples are frustrated and random systems, polymers, spin glasses, neural networks, chemical and biological systems, and fluids. In this book attention is focused on two main problems. First, how local, topological constraints (frustrations) can cause macroscopic cooperative behavior: related ideas initially developed for spin glasses are shown to play key roles also for optimization and the modeling of neural networks. Second, the dynamical constraints that arise from the nonlinear dynamics of the systems: the discussion covers turbulence in fluids, pattern formation, and conventional 1/f noise. The volume will be of interest to anyone wishing to understand the current development of work on complex systems, which is presently one of the most challenging subjects in statistical and condensed matter physics.
Table of Contents
Contents: New Type of Phase Transitions in Frustrated Systems, Polymers, etc.- Spin Glasses and Related Random Systems.- Optimization Problems and Neural Network Models.- Nonlinear Dynamics in Fluids, Chemical and Biological Systems, etc.- Index of Contributors.