Synopses & Reviews
''Freedom and Justice for all'' is a phrase that can have a hollow ring for many members of the disability community in the United States. Jacqueline Vaughn Switzer gives us a comprehensive introduction to and overview of U.S. disability policy in all facets of society, including education, the workplace, and social integration. Disabled Rights provides an interdisciplinary approach to the history and politics of the disability rights movement and assesses the creation and implementation, successes and failures of the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by federal, state, and local governments. Disabled Rights explains how people with disabilities have been treated from a social, legal, and political perspective in the United States. With an objective and straightforward approach, Switzer identifies the programs and laws that have been enacted in the past fifty years and how they have affected the lives of people with disabilities. She raises questions about Congressional intent in passing the ADA, the evolution and fragmentation of the disability rights movement, and the current status of disabled people in the U.S. Illustrating the shift of disability issues from a medical focus to civil rights, the author clearly defines the contemporary role of persons with disabilities in American culture, and comprehensively outlines the public and private programs designed to integrate disabled persons into society. She covers the law's provisions as they apply to private organizations and businesses and concludes with the most up-to-date coverage of recent Supreme Court decisions--especially since the 2000-2002 terms--that have profoundly influenced the implementation of the ADA and otherdisability policies. For activists as well as scholars, students, and practitioners in public policy and public administration, Switzer has written a compassionate, yet powerful book that demands attention from everyone interested in the battle for disability rights and equality in the United States.
This book is a comprehensive introduction to and overview of U.S. disability policy in all facets of society, including education, the workplace, and social integration. The subtext is that disability policy has shifted from a medical to a civil rights paradigm (and that this is a good thing).
Table of Contents
Introduction. Demographics of disability ; Understanding disability policy ; A word about language -- Disabled policymaking/disabled policy. The paradigm shift ; Overview of the policymaking process ; Key stakeholders -- History of segregation and stereotypes. "The problem of feeblemindedness" ; Assistance and treatment ; The stereotypes continue -- Compensation and rehabilitation. Historical basis of compensation ; Industrial-related disabilities ; Social Security ; The disability insurance crisis ; Vocational education ; 1973 Rehabilitation Act ; Education for disabled children ; Disability as a business/rehabilitation as an industry ; Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 -- Social and political activism. Disability rights as a social movement ; Disability interest groups ; Berkeley and the idependent living movement ; "The splintered universe" ; Coalition building and cross-disability activism ; Demonstrations and protests ; Litigation -- The ADA and the vision of equality. Developing a national policy: early initiatives ; Opening the policy window ; Policy environment ; Legislative building blocks ; United we stand ; Friends in high places ; Legislative process ; Stealth campaign ; Opposition Forces -- The ADA as Policy. Provisions of the law ; Implementation and rulemaking ; Enforcement ; Litigation ; Key litigation issues ; Fusion of positive and negative rights -- Life beyond the ADA: policy hot buttons. Reproductive rights and technology ; Not dead yet ; Jerry's Kids and telethons ; Christopher Reeve and the myth of the supercrip ; Deaf culture and cochlear implants ; The itegration mandate ; Violence against people with disabilities ; Invisible disabilities -- Status report on equality. Attitudes and public opinion ; Employment ; Social integration ; Barriers to independence ; Transportation ; Health care ; Housing ; Overall analysis -- Epilogue -- Appendices. Appendix A. Suggestions for further research ; Appendix B. Selected disability periodicals and media ; Appendix C. Annotated guide to nongovernmental disability organizations ; Appendix D. Chronology of important events in the history and development of American disability policy.