Synopses & Reviews
The essays in this book reflect pioneering efforts to study the global movement of ideas and institutions. They deal with topics of significant contemporary importance: initiatives to address the AIDS epidemic in East Africa; to protect the peoples and ecosystems of the Amazon; to advance the "truth and reconciliation" process in South Africa and in other areas of great conflict; to promote "civil society" in Eastern Europe and Central Asia; to advocate for environmental protection in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and Japan; and to spread Rotary Clubs and encourage "social entrepreneurship" throughout the world. These essays highlight a wide range of research, paying close attention to the realities of particular situations and to current thinking about general processes.
"[The book does not] treat 'Western' as synonymous with 'American,' as is evident in Sandra Moog's analysis of U.S. and German approaches to protecting the Amazon rain forest. It does, however, offer diverse perspectives on topics ranging from attempts to import South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission as a model for transitional justice to the advocacy strategies of Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth in four different countries.
Informative and provocative? Yes." --Kyoko Uchida, Foundation Center, Philanthropy News Digest (online), Oct. 20, 2009
"Hammack and Heydemann are filling an important gap in the literature on philanthropy, with a book that goes beyond the usual generalizations about the imposition of Western models backed by economic power or the celebration of global activism and its seamless--and disincarnated--networks of activists. The book offers important insights into the working of globalization, thanks to careful studies of institutional logics." --Nicolas Guilhot, London School of Economics
"[These] essays reflect a wide range of individual research effort, rather than an attempt to evaluate a single approach. They give close attention to the realities of particular situations while at the same time highlighting the best current thinking about general processes." --Abstracts of Public Administration, Development, and Environment Indiana University Press
"[A] timely and important contribution to understanding the role of nonprofits and foundations in globalization.... It deserves careful attention by anyone interested in the globalization and civil society." --Social Service Review
"This book aims to demonstrate the value of social scientific studies of philanthropy. It tackles its specific task of studying efforts to spread ideas and practices by means of the donation of money, goods, human action and ideas through the movement of models for the organisation of such activities as medical care, education, advocacy, social improvement and cultural expression.... [T]he topic is important." --Philanthropy UK Newsletter
"[E]ditors David Hammack and Steven Heydemann have assembled an impressive collection of essays focused on organizational philanthropy in cross-national perspective." --Contemporary Sociology Indiana University Press
"According to a new controversial academic book entitled Globalization, Philanthropy, and Civil Society... US foundations funding overseas are an element of American 'soft power,' projecting the governments interests overseas and remaking the world in America's image. The book's editors, David C. Hammack of Case Western Reserve University and Steven Heydemann of the United States Institute for Peace, argue in the introduction that foundations project their ideas and operating practices to create a 'Western grant economy,' but access to material, professional and 'reputational' resources are contingent on the extent to which local nonprofits assimilate the norms, practices and procedures of their Western counterparts." --The Peacemaker Indiana University Press
"This book raises key theoretical questions for the field of nonprofit and philanthropic studies and offers insightful case studies that attempt to deal with those questions. It is suitable for graduate-level courses oriented toward educating new scholars." --Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
How philanthropic organizations carry out their missions abroad
About the Author
David C. Hammack is Hiram C. Haydn Professor of History at Case Western Reserve University. He is editor of Making the Nonprofit Sector in the United States: A Reader (IUP, 1998).
Steven Heydemann is Vice President of the Grants and Fellowship Program at the U.S. Institute for Peace, and Adjunct and Research Associate Professor in the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at Georgetown University. He is author of Authoritarianism in Syria: Institutions and Social Conflict, 1946-1970.
Table of Contents
Foreword: Social Science and Philanthropic Studies by Kenneth Prewitt
Part 1. Introduction
1. Philanthropic Projections: Sending Institutional Logics Abroad / Steven Heydemann and David C. Hammack
2. Nongovernmental Organizations and the Making of the International Community / Akira Iriye
Part 2. Projecting Logics
3. Philanthropy and the "Perfect Democracy" of Rotary International / Brendan Goff
4. Social Entrepreneurship: Success Stories and Logic Construction / Michael Lounsbury and David Strang
5. Moral Globalization and Discursive Struggle: Reconciliation, Transitional Justice, and Cosmopolitan Discourse / Jonathan VanAntwerpen
Part 3. Contesting Logics
6. Philanthropic Foundations in Russia: Western Projection and Local Legitimacy / John W. Slocum
7. Promoting Civil Society or Diffusing NGOs? U.S. Donors in the Former Soviet Union / Sada Aksartova
8. Dialectics of Patronage: Logics of Accountability at the African AIDS-NGO Interface / Ann Swidler
Part 4. Transnational Logics
9. The Political Logic of Institutional Adaptation: NGOs' Strategies Abroad / Elizabeth Bloodgood
10. Exporting Institutional Logics into the Amazon? American and German Efforts to Protect the Ecosystems and Traditional Peoples of the Amazon Basin / Sandra Moog
List of Contributors