Synopses & Reviews
This multi-center prospective study evaluates the treatment outcome of 1410 patients in 21 treatment centers. The goal of the study was to determine 1) what patient variables have prognostic value, 2) whether different treatment variables lead to different outcomes, and 3) whether patient and treatment variables are inter-related in any way significant for indication. The unique results of the study include the development of an empirical indication model.
In-patient treatment for alcoholism going beyond physical withdrawal from the drug has been available in Germany for more than 130 years. Particularly since the Second World War, treatment has broadened and changed in various ways. There are several reasons for this development. The recognition of alcoholism as a disease by the Supreme Court had widespread financial and administrative consequences. Since then in- patient treatment has been funded mainly by the pension insurance institutions. Another reason is the strengthened influence of different psychotherapeutic schools on practice in treatment. At the present time in the Federal Republic of Germany there are about 250 treatment facilities (Suchtfachkliniken, or addiction centres), where around 25000 patients a year receive in-patient treatment. In addition to these, there are the addiction units in psychiatric and general hospitals, of which some offer withdrawal treatment, while others also offer rehabilit- ation treatment. For out-patient treatment there are about 450 special addiction counselling and treatment centres, out-patient facilities available at local health authorities and university hospitals and, further to all this, there are thousands of self-help groups of various kinds. This system of interlocking treatment facilities of various kinds, from the first contact to the after-care stage, is called a treatment network or chain.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction.- Method.- Treatment Centres.- Admission Data.- Discharge Data.- Six-Month Follow-Up.- Eighteen-Month Follow-Up.- Data from Health and Pension Insurance Institutes.- Reliability and Validity of Data.- Changes over the Course of the Study.- Patients' Attitudes to and Experiences of Treatment.- Patient Variables as Prognostic Factors.- Treatment Variables.- Indication.- Other Factors Influencing Outcome.- Discussion.- References.- Appendices.- Subject Index.