Synopses & Reviews
This book summarizes the research findings as an outcome from the IUTAM Symposium "Mechanics and Reliability of Actuating Materials held successfully on September 1-3, 2004 at Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. Actuating materials hold a promise for fast-spreading applications in smart structures and active control systems, and have attracted extensive attention from scientists of both mechanics and materials sciences communities. High performance and stability of actuating materials and structures play a decisive role in their successive applications as sensors and actuators in structural control and robotics. Toward this end, scientific efforts are of paramount significance to gain a deep insight into the intricate deformation and failure behaviors of actuating materials. Examples worthy of intensive exploration are: (1) the constitutive relations of actuating materials that couple mechanical, electrical, thermal and magnetic properties, as well as incorporate phase transformation and domain switch; (2) the physical mechanisms of deformation, damage, and fatigue crack growth of actuating materials; (3) the development of failure-resilient approaches that base on the macro-, meso-, and micro-mechanics analyses; (4) the investigation of microstructural evolution, stability of phase transformation, and size effects of ferroelectric ceramics, shape memory alloys and actuating polymers. The above problems represent an exciting challenge and form a research thrust of both materials science and solid mechanics.
Table of Contents
Preface; Committees and Sponsors; List of Participants; Session Programs; Ferroelectrics: A switching rule for local domain wall motions and for macroscopic material response of ferroelectrics, by H. Kessler, P. Bürmann and H. Balke; The effects of sieving method and poling approach on the internal bias field in donor doped PZT ceramics, by D.N. Fang and F.X. Li; Interaction between defects and domain walls in piezoelectric materials, by D. Gross and R. Mueller; In-situ observation of electrically induced fatigue crack growth for ferroelectric single crystals, by F. Fang, W. Yang , F.C. Zhang and H.S. Luo; Crack initiation and crack propagation under cyclic electric loading in PZT, by I. Westram, D.C. Lupascu and J. Rödel; Multiaxial behavior of ferroelectric ceramic PZT53, by Q. Wan, C.Q. Chen and Y.P. Shen; Stability analysis of 180o domains in ferroelectric thin films, by B. Wang, C. H. Woo and Y. Zheng; Stress analysis in two dimensional electrostrictive material under general loading, by Z.B. Kuang and Q. Jiang. Piezoelectrics: Effect of electric fields on fracture of functionally graded piezoelectric materials, by N. Noda and C.F. Gao; The charge-free zone model for conductive cracks in dielectric and piezoelectric ceramics, by T.Y. Zhang; Electric potential drop across a crack in piezoelectrics, by Y.H. Chen and Z.C. Ou; Elastic Sv-wave scattering by an interface crack between a piezoelectric layer and an elastic substrate, by B. Gu, S.W. Yu and X.Q. Feng; A micro-macro approach to design active piezoelectric fiber composites, by H. Berger, S. Kari, N. Bohn, R. Rodriguez and U. Gabbert; FEM-techniques for thermo-electro-mechanical crack analyses in smart structures, by M. Kuna; Trefftz plane element of piezoelectric plate with p-extension capabilities, by Q.H. Qin; On piezoelectric actuator layers in plates and shells at large deflection, by S. Lentzen and R. Schmidt; Electric charge loading of a piezoelectric solid cylinder, by Y. Chen and R.K.N.D. Rajapakse; Oblique propagation of time harmonic waves in periodic piezoelectric composite layered structures, by M. Urago, F. Jin, Y. Mochimaru and K. Kishimoto; Scattering behaviour of elastic waves in 1-3 piezoelectric ceramics/polymer composites, by F. Jin, K. Kishimoto, Z. Qian and Z. Wang; Stress Analysis for an Anisotropic Solid with Variable Off-Axis of Anisotropy, by K. Watanabe; Shape Memory Alloys Deformation instability and pattern formation in superelastic shape memory alloy microtubes, by Q. P. Sun and P. Feng; Theoretical consideration on the fracture of shape memory alloys, by W.Y. Yan and Y.W. Mai; 3D finite element simulation for shape memory alloys, by L.H. Han and T.J. Lu; Magnetostrictive Materials and Actuating Structures Constitutive Models for Magnetostrictive Materials, by X.J. Zheng and X.E. Liu; Vibration analysis of a nonlinear magnetostrictive actuator, by Z. Zhong and Y.P. Wan; Test study of the feed-support system for a large radio telescope, by G.X. Ren, W.B. Zhu, H. Zhang, L.C. Zhu and Q.H. Lu. Biological Actuating Materials: Biofilm growth: perspectives on two-phase mixture flow and fingerings formation, by S. Hao, B. Moran and D. Chopp; Damage and fatigue of actuating heart muscles, by X.M. Zhang, F. Yang, N.K. Ma Y. Zhao and W. Yang; Author Index.