Synopses & Reviews
Whatever other shortcomings of representative democracy may be apparent in our world today, one issue that clearly remains only partially resolved is the participation and policy impact of one half of the population--women. This comparative study examines this issue in the context of two African countries, South Africa and Uganda, both of which have accomplished much more at the level of women's political participation than most African or indeed other countries.
Whatever the other shortcomings of representative democracy in the world today, one issue that remains only partially resolved is the political participation and policy impact of one half of the population -- women. This book examines this question in the context of two countries, South Africa and Uganda, which in this regard have accomplished much more than most (including the Western democracies).
How did women achieve some 30% representation in both national and local political institutions in these countries? How far did women's mobilization in civil society play a part? How sustainable are these gains likely to be? And of equal importance, there are the questions around the impact of women politicians on policy. Here the volume examines two litmus test pieces of legislation -- around land in Uganda and gender violence in South Africa.
What emerges is that the political routes to increased female participation vary and the solidity of the gains made depends much on the strength of the gender-equity lobby in society at large. What is more, participation does not necessarily translate into effective policy influence enhancing the position and interests of women.
About the Author
is a political scientist and Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.
Shireen Hassim is a political scientist and lecturer, Department of Political Science, University of Witwatersrand.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Women in Power in Uganda and South Africa - Anne Marie Goetz and Shireen Hassim
2. Women's Political Effectiveness - A Conceptual Framework - Anne Marie Goetz
3. Representation, participation and democratic effectiveness: Feminist challenges to representative democracy in South Africa - Shireen Hassim
4. The Problem with Patronage: Constraints on Women's Political Effectiveness in Uganda - Anne Marie Goetz
5. The Politics of Engagement: Women Transforming the Policy Process - Domestic Violence Legislation in South Africa - Sheila Meintjes
6. The 'Lost Clause' - The Campaign to Advance Women's Property Rights in the Uganda 1998 Land Act - Sheila Kawamara-Mishambi and Irene Ovonji-Odida
7. Democratising local government: Problems and opportunities in the advancement of gender equality - Likhapha Mbatha
8. Gender Equity and Local Democracy in Contemporary Uganda: Addressing the Challenge of Women's Political Effectiveness in Local Government - Josephine Ahikire