Synopses & Reviews
In the 21st century, the populations of the world's nations will display large and long-lived changes in age structure. Many of these began with fertility change and are amplified by declining mortality and by migration within and between nations. Demography will matter in this century not by force of numbers, but by the pressures of waves of age structural change. Many developing countries are in relatively early stages of fertility decline and will experience age waves for two or more generations. These waves create shifting flows of people into the key age groups, greatly complicating the task of managing development, from building human capabilities and creating jobs to growing industry, infrastructure and institutions. In this book, distinguished scientists examine key demographic, social, economic, and policy aspects of age structural change in developing economies. This book provides a joint examination of dimensions of age structural change that have often been considered in isolation from each other (for example, education, job creation, land use, health); it uses case studies to examine policy consequences and options and develops qualitative and formal methods to analyze the dynamics and consequences of age structural change.
Table of Contents
Preface. Acknowledgements. The Authors. Introduction. 1: Age Structural Transitions, Population Waves, and "Political Arithmetick", Ian Pool, Vipan Prachuabmoh, Shripad Tuljapurkar. Part I: Issues and Patterns. 2: Age-Structural Transitions and Policy: Frameworks, Ian Pool. 3: Human Capital Aspects of Economic Development: A Comparative Perspective in Asia, Gavin Jones. 4: A Comparative History of Age-Structure and Social Transitions among Asian Youth, Peter Xenos, Midea Kabamalan. Part II: Policy Analysis, Models and Methods. 5: A Formal Model of Age-Structural Transitions, Nan Li, Shripad Tuljapurkar. 6: Projecting Numbers of Living Children of Old People with an Example from Thailand, John Bryant. 7: Toward a Concept of Population Balance Considering Age-Structure, Human Capital, and Intergenerational Equity, Wolfgang Lutz, Warren Sanderson. 8: Structural and Policy Consequences of Mortality and Fertility Decline, Shripad Tuljapurkar. Part III: Country-Specific Transitions and Challenges. 9: Policy Implications for Old-Age Economic Support of Changes in Thailand's Age Structure: A New Challenge, Napaporn Chayovan. 10: Changing Family Structure in Turkey, 1968-1998, Turgay Ünalan. 11: The 'Youth Bulge' and Agriculture in the Philippines, Peter Urich, Socorro Gultiano. 12: Singapore's Changing Age Structure: Issues and Policy Implications for the Family and State, Angelique Chan. Index.