Synopses & Reviews
The growing dissatisfaction with the excessive use of drugs has encouraged practitioners to reconsider the possibilities of psychological treatments for mental illness. In the past, such treatment was avoided because of apparent inefficacy or lack of proof. The contributions in this book concentrate on the methodology of evaluating psychological treatments, based on extensive past research. The range of topics is confined to treatments involving adults, sick or disabled people and deals with both serious psychotic and milder neurotic problems. Reference is made both to psychodynamic psychotherapies and behavioural approaches; and not only the English, but also the French and German literature is covered. The book will prove valuable to researchers seeking to resolve ambiguities, to build confidence in proven methods and to point the way for further research.
The group of European Medical Research Councils (EMRC) was formed in 1971 by the medical research councils or equivalent organizations in Western Europe and became a Standing Committee of the European Science Foundation in 1975. The aims of the EMRC are to exchange information on research policies and to initiate and stimulate international cooperation in biomedical research. Research on mental illness is one of the areas of special im- portance identified by the EMRC. Having surveyed the activities of its member organizations in mental illness research the EMRC decided in 1978 to set up a study group in order to promote European collaboration on research needed in this field. It was decided that emphasis should be on research on treatment and on the evaluation of treatment. The group prepared a proposal to the EMRC which suggested organizing small workshops with the participation of two or three research workers from each member country as well as from organizations with observer status in the EMRC such as they WHO and the National Institutes of Health in the United States. The members of the Study Group nominated by the EMRC are at present Professors E. Anttinen (Finland), R. Daly (Ireland), T. Helgason (Iceland; chairman), H. Hippius (Federal Republic of Germany), and E. A. Sand (Belgium), and Dr. R. Sadoun (France).
Table of Contents
Contents: Evaluation Research on Psychotherapy in the Federal Republic of Germany.- Overall Review of Research Strategies in Psychological Treatments in the French-Speaking Literature.- Efficacy of Psychological Treatments for Mental Illness: A Review of Papers in the English Language.- Research Strategies and Design in Psychological Treatments for Mental Illness: Review of the Nordic Literature.- An Empirical Study of Different Aftercare Strategies for Patients Who Attempted Suicide: The Effect of Psychotherapy on Compliance and Outcome.- Evaluation of Behaviour Therapy in Anorexia Nervosa.- Evaluation of Psychological Treatments for Depression.- Family Therapy of Alcoholism: An Evaluation of Its Efficiency as a Predetoxification Move.- Preliminary Studies of an Evaluation Research of Psychotherapies.- Psychotherapy Research on Schizophrenia.- Some Methodological Recommendations From the Hamburg Short Psychotherapy Comparison Experiment.- Experimental Design in Behavioural Psychotherapy.- Evaluation of Behavioural Treatments.- Special Design Approaches to Small Groups and Mixed Treatments.- The Evaluation of Sex Therapy: Some Methodological Considerations.- Subject Index.