Synopses & Reviews
"This book not only recognizes the impact globalization has on the education and development of our children, but will facilitate much needed discussion between parents and educators. In today's global culture, it will prove to be an invaluable tool for understanding and promoting tolerance around the world."and#151;Steven Spielberg
"Not a week goes past without a new book on globalization; diminishing returns have long set in. But this collection, bringing together perspectives from anthropology, and marrying them beautifully with history and economics, offers unique and invaluable insights. No serious student of globalization can afford to ignore it."and#151;Jagdish Bhagwati, author of Free Trade Today
"This is a serious and significant contribution to the study of a critical issue: How the globalization of economics and media is affecting the education of the world's children. The thoughtful essays also offer ideas on how we should deal with these changes. The result is a provocative and important book."and#151;Walter Isaacson, author of Benjamin Franklin: An American Life
"At last a book on globalization which assesses its impact on the neglected but crucial topic of culture and education. What does it mean to be young in a world which is increasingly connected through technology, trade and population movements but where the gulfs, between rich and poor, between good schools and bad, or between cultures are apparently growing? The product of collaboration among distinguished scholars, this impressive collection provides much-needed insights, analysis and answers."and#151;Dr. Margaret MacMillan, Provost, Trinity College, Toronto, Ontario
"This a is a marvelous book. It defines a new domain of basic scholarship: the complex relationships between globalization, culture and the education of the world's children. It is a must read for anyone interested in education and culture in the global millennium."and#151;Barry Munitz, President and CEO, The J. Paul Getty Trust
"This book comprehensively explores the challenges that globalization poses to educators. The fate and future of the planet's children rests on the ability of education to meet those challenges. The contributors, experienced educators themselves, have thought freshly and deeply on the cultural implications of the globalizing process."and#151;Arthur Schlesinger
"This is a book about globalisation unlike any other, because it marries what we know and think about globalisation to a fascinating account of the development of young people. The message which most of the authors proclaim is that globalisation is a powerful tool for enlarging human capacity, but that this potential can be realised only if our techniques and systems of education change drastically. It's a message which all those who care about the future of our species should heed."and#151;Lord Skidelsky, founder and Chairman, Centre for Global Studies, Warwick University
"This is a brilliant collection of essays about the urgency of rethinking educational change, both its challenges and opportunities. In a world of increasingly coordinated markets and rising populations of migrants, state educational policies strain to develop the philosophical and material resources that can address cultural and economic differences without, one hopes, confusing equality with homogeneity. This book is a major contribution toward wresting democratic futures from an uneven present."and#151;Doris Sommer, author of Proceed with Caution, When Engaged by Minority Writing in the Americas
"Brings clarity to the complex issue of globalization and its immediate interaction with culture and education. It represents an important contribution for educators, researchers, policy makers, NGOs and activists as well as for each and every member of our global community who has a desire to better understand life in the 21st century. This book provides the tools necessary to shape the 21st century into one of prosperity and tolerance. I highly recommend reading this book."and#151;Dr. Rita Sussmuth, Former President of the German Parliament
"This is a book of serious scholarship written by leading authorities in their fields. Although each chapter stands on its own, the whole book adds up to an account of the impact of globalization on education, which is much greater than the sum of its parts."and#151;George Walker, Director General, International Baccalaureate Organization
This book unravels the ethnic history of California since the late nineteenth-century Anglo-American conquest and institutionalization of "white supremacy" in the state. Almaguer comparatively assesses the struggles for control of resources, status, and political legitimacy between the European American and the Native American, Mexican, African-American, Chinese, and Japanese populations. Drawing from an array of primary and secondary sources, he weaves a detailed, disturbing portrait of ethnic, racial, and class relationships during this tumultuous time.
The U.S. annexation of California in 1848 and the simultaneous discovery of gold sparked rapid and diverse waves of immigration westward, displacing the already established pastoral Mexican society. Almaguer shows how the confrontation between white immigrants and the Mexican ranchero and working class populations was also a contestation over racial status in which racialization influenced and was in turn influenced by class position in the changing economic order. Partly because of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which granted U.S. citizenship and other rights, parts of the Mexican population were integrated into the emerging Anglo society more easily than other racialized groups. A case study of Ventura County highlights declining political and economic fortunes of the Mexican elite while showing how Mexican, Japanese, Chinese, and Indian populations were permanently relegated to the bottom of the class structure as unskilled manual workers.
The fate of the Native American population provides perhaps the most extreme example of white supremacy during the period. Popular conceptions of Native Americans as "uncivilized and "heathen," justified the killing of more than 8,000 men, women, and children between 1848 and 1870. Many survivors were incorporated at the periphery of Anglo society, often as indentured laborers and virtual slaves.
Underpinning the institutional structuring of white supremacy were notions such as "manifest destiny," the inherent good of the capitalist wage-system, and the superiority of Christianity and Euro-American culture, all of which helped to marginalize non white groups in California and justify Anglo-American class dominance. As other racialized groups assumed new roles, Almaguer assesses the complex interplay between economic forces and racial attitudes that simultaneously structured and allocated "group position" in the new social hierarchy.
California remains a contested racial frontier, as political struggles over the rights and opportunities of different groups continue to reverberate along racial lines. Racial Fault Lines is an invaluable contribution to our understanding of ethnicity and class in America, and the social construction of "race" in the Far West.
The New Latino Studies Reader
is designed as a contemporary, updated, multifaceted collection of writings that bring to force the exciting, necessary scholarship of the last decades. Its aim is to introduce a new generation of students to a wide-ranging set of essays that helps them gain a truer understanding of what it's like to be a Latino in the United States.
With the reader, students explore the sociohistorical formation of Latinos as a distinct panethnic group in the United States, delving into issues of class formation; social stratification; racial, gender, and sexual identities; and politics and cultural production. And while other readers now in print may discuss Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans and Central Americans as distinct groups with unique experiences, this text explores both the commonalities and the differences that structure the experiences of Latino Americans. Timely, thorough, and thought-provoking, The New Latino Studies Reader provides a genuine view of the Latino experience as a whole.
"An excellent summary and interpretation of race relations in nineteenth-century California. Empirically rich and theoretically sophisticated, it is the last and best word on the historical origins of the racial hierarchy that contemporary multiculturalists are struggling to overcome."George Fredrickson, Stanford University
"Sometime soon in the 21st century, all of California's peoples will belong to minorities, and Almaguer's pathbreaking comparative history is indispensable for understanding how and why this society became so racially diverse. His study expands the borders of multicultural scholarship."Ronald Takaki, University of California, Berkeley
Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States and will comprise a quarter of the country's population by mid-century. The process of Latinization, the result of globalization and the biggest migration flow in the history of the Americas, is indeed reshaping the character of the U.S. This landmark book brings together some of the leading scholars now studying the social, cultural, racial, economic, and political changes wrought by the experiences, travails, and fortunes of the Latino population. It is the most definitive and comprehensive snapshot available of Latinos in the United States today.
How are Latinos and Latinas changing the face of the Americas? What is new and different about this current wave of migration? In this pathbreaking book social scientists, humanities scholars, and policy experts examine what every citizen and every student needs to know about Latinos in the U.S., covering issues from historical continuities and changes to immigration, race, labor, health, language, education, and politics. Recognizing the diversity and challenges facing Latinos in the U.S., this book addresses what it means to define the community as such and how to move forward on a variety of political and cultural fronts. All of the contributions to Latinos are original pieces written especially for this volume.
"This rich and varied collection gives content and analytic shape to the notion of a pan-ethnic Latino experience in the U.S. The authors use as markers a variety of shared socioeconomic conditions and immigration histories at the heart of these diverse experiences. Latinos
takes an important step toward carving out a field for empirical and theoretical specification."and#151;Saskia Sassen, author of Guests and Aliens
"In this thought-provoking volume, scholars from a range of disciplines raise key questions about Latinos in the United States. Admirably complete and judiciously framed, Latinos breaks new ground as it presents this group's multiple experiences."and#151;Cecilia Menjand#237;var, author of Fragmented Ties: Salvadoran Immigrant Networks in America
"This outstanding book makes a highly significant contribution to scholarship on the fast-growing Latino population. There simply is no other book as comprehensive and well documented. Latinos will be read by a broad audience of academics (in social science, ethnic studies, policy, education, law), as well as policy makers and analysts trying to understand this group."and#151;Pedro A. Noguera, author of The Imperatives of Power: Political Change and the Social Basis of Regime Support in Grenada from 1951-1991
"This is a landmark scholarly work in its scope, comprehensiveness, and excellence. It makes an important contribution to improving our understanding of the Latino experience in the United States."and#151;Raul Yzaguirre, President of the National Council of La Raza
"Latinos brings together the most sophisticated thinking on the changing intellectual complexion of America. Drawing upon scholars in both the humanities and the social sciences, Latinos challenges us to redefine what we mean by 'American' culture and indeed 'America' itself. This book is necessary reading for all those who believe that a fully inclusive definition of American Studies is long overdue."and#151;Henry Louis Gates, Jr., author of Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Black Man
"How and why are Latin American immigrants changing the U.S. socially, culturally, economically, and politically? And how and why do Latino group experiences vary? This fascinating interdisciplinary collection of essays advances our understanding both of the main and#145;new immigrantand#8217; peoples of our time and of the and#145;new America.and#8217;"and#151;Susan Eckstein, author of Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements
"The contributors, among the best in the world, raise absolutely riveting questions about immigration, residential segregation, voting behavior, workforce participation, education, gender, health status, and variations among Latino groups (Cubans, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and others). Latinos is essential reading for anyone who cares about the high ideals of liberty and justice for all."and#151;Richard A. Shweder, author of Thinking Through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology
An international gathering of leading scholars, policymakers, and educators takes on some of the most difficult and controversial issues of our time in this groundbreaking exploration of how globalization is affecting education around the world. The contributors, drawing from innovative research in both the social sciences and the neurosciences, examine the challenges and opportunities now facing schools as a result of massive migration flows, new economic realities, new technologies, and the growing cultural diversity of the world's major cities. Writing for a wide audience, they address such questions as: How do we educate all youth to develop the skills and sensibilities necessary to thrive in globally linked, technologically interconnected economies? What can schools do to meet the urgent need to educate growing numbers of migrant youth at risk of failure in societies already divided by inequality? What are the limits of cultural tolerance as tensions over gender, religion, and race threaten social cohesion in schools and neighborhoods alike? Bringing together scholars with deep experience in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, this work, grounded in rich examples from everyday life, is highly relevant not only to scholars and policymakers but also to all stakeholders responsible for the day-to-day workings of schools in cities across the globe.
"In Learning in the Global Era
, Marcelo Suand#225;rez-Orozco has integrated a rich harvest of practical wisdom with cutting-edge research in cognitive theory to produce an indispensable handbook for all who are grappling with the challenges of education in our rapidly changing world. With their interdisciplinary approach and their attention to cultural diversity, the essays are a treasure trove of insights and constructive approaches to which educators and policy-makers will return again and again."and#151;Mary Ann Glendon, Harvard University; President, Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences
"Neither developed nor developing nations have begun to prepare young people for the demands of the global economy; nor does schooling anywhere adequately respond to the massive migration of families whose home languages, cultures, and social structures differ from those in the new host nation. Besides providing vivid and rigorous accounts of the shifting population patterns, employment markets, and cultural and political change, this fascinating book presents promising educational innovations that put student engagement and the global context for learning at the center. No other book so effectively joins emerging research on cognition and learning with the political and economic challenges of globalization."and#151;Martha Minow, Harvard Law School, and co-editor of Engaging Cultural Differences
"Learning in the Global Era is a masterful book. Each of the essays, exquisitely arranged and coordinated by the editor, is a memorable example of rigorous interdisciplinary analysis and insight into emerging global issues. The range of concernsand#151;from nurturing a global consciousness and appreciating the simultaneous cultural patterns that children develop in global cities, often through their own migration, to the effects of gender-specific dilemmas in global classrooms-makes this book a compendium for more than understanding a world which challenges many traditional assumptions. But reading it does more; it makes us mindful of the difficulty and also of the necessary creativity involved in learning and teaching today. I am grateful for its lessons and the readers will be, too."and#151;Doris Sommer, Harvard University
"Globalization is transforming entire economies and cultures, but schools and schooling have not kept pace. Marcelo Suand#225;rez-Orozco has assembled a set of thoughtful and incisive essays by international experts that show how globalization makes it imperative to rethink and reform the education of children in every part of the planet. Educating citizens in the advanced countries to understand global society and cultural differences, increasing access to education in the developing world while teaching new skills, finding ways to help immigrants adapt and succeed in their new surroundingsand#151;all these essential tasks are addressed in this important book."and#151;John H. Coatsworth, Columbia University
"How should this generation of youth, the largest ever in human history, be educated? How do we make sure all youth have access to quality education? What cognitive skills, interpersonal sensibilities, and ethical norms should be nourished in youth to live and thrive in our global world? Learning in the Global Era addresses these and other questions with both scholarly rigor and humane concern. It brings together leading international scholarsand#151; including anthropologists, cognitive scientists, economists, education scholars, linguists, neuroscientists, and psychologists with extensive research experience in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe, to examine the education of youth for the 21st Century. It is a work that breaks new ground by locating learning and youth engagement in the ever more complex economic, social, and cultural realities that define the world's global cities."and#151;Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland, and High Commissioner for Human Rights
Globalization defines our era. While it has created a great deal of debate in economic, policy, and grassroots circles, many aspects of the phenomenon remain virtual terra incognita. Education is at the heart of this continent of the unknown. This pathbreaking book examines how globalization and large-scale immigration are affecting children and youth, both in and out of schools. Taking into consideration broad historical, cultural, technological, and demographic changes, the contributorsand#151;all leading social scientists in their fieldsand#151;suggest that these global transformations will require youth to develop new skills, sensibilities, and habits of mind that are far ahead of what most educational systems can now deliver.
Drawing from comparative and interdisciplinary materials, the authors examine the complex psychological, sociocultural, and historical implications of globalization for children and youth growing up today. The book explores why new and broader global visions are needed to educate children and youth to be informed, engaged, and critical citizens in the new millennium.
Published in association with the Ross Institute
Bringing nuance, complexity, and clarity to a subject often seen in black and white, Writing Immigration presents a unique interplay of leading scholars and journalists working on the contentious topic of immigration. In a series of powerful essays, the contributors reflect on how they struggle to write about one of the defining issues of our timeand#151;one that is at once local and global, familiar and uncanny, concrete and abstract. Highlighting and framing central questions surrounding immigration, their essays explore topics including illegal immigration, state and federal mechanisms for immigration regulation, enduring myths and fallacies regarding immigration, immigration and the economy, immigration and education, the adaptations of the second generation, and more. Together, these writings give a clear sense of the ways in which scholars and journalists enter, shape, and sometimes transform this essential yet unfinished national conversation.
"No one in the news media should write or talk about immigration without reading Writing Immigration
.and#8221; --Lawrence O'Donnell, Host of MSNBC The Last word with Lawrence O'Donnell
and#147;I cannot help but applaud the idea for this book, especially given the caliber of the editors. The communication between social scientists and journalists is often not smooth, and there is a strong rationale for attempting to bridge this divide on the issues surrounding immigration, which appear at times to divide the American public into opposing camps.and#8221; --Richard Alba, author of Blurring the Color Line: The New Chance for a More Integrated America
"Bringing together academics and journalists--inviting them to talk with, not at, one another--is an enterprise as important as it is rare. When the participants in the conversation are as lively, provocative and insightful as the contributors to Writing Immigration, the result is a real treat. For anyone who wants to understand how immigration is molding the nation's future, this book is an indispensable read.and#8221; --David Kirp is a professor at the Goldman School of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley and former associate editor of the Sacramento Bee.
"A compelling book on an extremely timely topic, from writers with a great capacity to spin a story." and#150;Professor Patricia Gand#225;ndara, Co-Director of The Civil Rights Project at UCLA
"Academics and journalists share the weighty responsibility of helping the public see where our ship is headed. When it comes to immigration, we need a cure for myopia and this important, timely book is it: a map for thinking about immigration in the round. It will elevate the public conversation." --Danielle Allen, UPS Foundation Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study
and#147;Immigration in the United States is our past, our present, and very likely our future. The brilliance of this volume is that it looks both at it subjectand#151;immigrationand#151;through the very different lenses of journalism and academia, juxtaposing their styles and approaches to explore one of the central policy dilemmas of our day, the integration of immigrants and#150;not all of them legaland#151;and their children into American society and economy, while critiquing the role of media and scholarly observers who shape our understanding of immigration as well.and#8221; --Michael Jones-Correa, Professor of Government, Cornell University
About the Author
Marcelo M. Suand#225;rez-Orozco, the Victor S. Thomas Professor of Education at Harvard University, is codirector of the Harvard Immigration Projects. He is author of over eighty scholarly articles and several books, including Children of Immigration (with Carola Suand#225;rez-Orozco, 2001), Cultures Under Siege: Collective Violence and Trauma (with Antonius Robben, 2000), and Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives (1998). Mariela Pand#225;ez received her doctorate in Education from Harvard in 2001. She is currently working as a researcher at Harvard University.
Table of Contents
I. History, Migrations, and Communities
"Y tand#250; quand#233;?" Latino History in the New Millennium
George J. Sanchez
Islands and Enclaves: Caribbean Latinos in Historical Perspective
Power and Identity: Miami Cubans
Alex Stepick and Carol Dutton Stepick
Commentary: John H. Coatsworth
Community Dynamics and the Rise of Street Gangs
Gender, Ethnicity, and Race in School and Work Outcomes of Second Generation
Robert C. Smith
Unions and Latinos: Mutual Transformation
John Trumphour and Elaine Bernard
Commentary: Merilee S. Grindle
Ambivalent Reception: Mass Public Responses to the "New" Latino Immigration
to the United States
Wayne A. Cornelius
Resurrecting Exclusion: The effects of 1996 U.S. Immigration Reform on Communities and Families in Texas, El Salvador, and Mexico
Jacqueline Hagan and Nestor Rodrand#237;guez
Two Nations Under God?and#151;Latino Religious Life in the US
Commentary: Mary Waters
II. Health, Families, Languages, Education, and Politics
The Latino Health Research Agenda for the 21st Century
David E. Hayes-Bautista
Latinosand#8217; Access to Employment-Based Health Insurance
E. Richard Brown and Hongjian Yu
Commentary: Paul Farmer
Families on the Frontier: From Braceros in the Fields to Braceras in the Home
Ambiguous Loss: Risk and Resilience in Latino Immigrant Families
Celia Jaes Falicov
The Plasticity of Culture and Psychodynamic and Psychosocial Processes in
Latino Immigrant Families
Ricardo C. Ainslie
Commentary: Carola Suand#225;rez-Orozco
Bilingual Infants: Mapping the Research Agenda
Barbara Zurer Pearson
[email protected] Languages and Identities
Ana Celia Zentella
Learning English in California: Guideposts for the Nation
Commentary: Maria S. Carlo and Catherine E. Snow
The Schooling of Latino Children
Luis C. Moll and Richard Ruiz
Affirmative Action, X% Plans and Latinos Access to Higher Education in
The Twenty-First Century
Commentary: Gary Orfield
Forever Seen as New: Latino Participation in American Elections
Louis DeSipio and Rodolfo O. de la Garza
Gender and Citizenship in Latino Political Participation
Lisa J. Montoya
Commentary: Jorge I. Domand#237;nguez
Epilogue: Problematic Paradigms: Racial Diversity and Corporate Identity in the Latino Community
Afterword: American Projections