Synopses & Reviews
"In Who Are the Macedonians? Hugh Poulton... provides a fair and perceptive account of the difficult relations between [Macedonians and Albanians in the new republic].... it is one of the best guides I have read to what may be a dark and troubled future." --Misha Glenny, The New York Review of Books
"... anyone needing a concise introduction to modern Macedonian history should be grateful for Hugh Poulton's book." --Steven Sowards, H-Net Reviews
This first full historical survey of the Balkan Slavic peoples of Macedonia concludes with Macedonia's emergence as an independent state in the face of Greek opposition and a discussion of the prospects for its entanglement in the ongoing Balkan war.
About the Author
Hugh Poulton is a former researcher for Amnesty International, specializing in the Balkan countries. His publications include Top Hat, Grey Wolf and Crescent: Turkish Nationalism and the Turkish Republic and The Balkans: Minorities and States in Conflict.
Table of Contents
Note on Transliteration and Names
The peoples of Macedonia
Natural and unnatural demographic change
2. The Soil for Nationalists
Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great
The Roma (Gypsies)
Seeds of controversy
3. Group Identity in the Ottoman Empire: From Millet to Nation
The Sufi tarikats
The millet system and the Muslims
The Christian millets
The Tanzimat reform movement
4. From Berlin to Versailles: The Apple of Discord--Propaganda, Violence and War
The struggle for church control and the Bulgarian advance
The Ilinden uprising
The Greeks organise
The Great Power reform porgrammes
The Vlachs and the Romanian efforts
The rise of Albanian nationalism
The Turks and the CUP
The Balkan wars
The First World War
5. The Inter-War Years: Repressiona dn Violence
6. War and Civil War
From uneasy neutrality to war
Vardar and Pirin Macedonia
--Tito and the Partisans
--The Stalin-Tito split
--The Vlach 'Principality'
Genocide against the Jews
The Greek civil war
7. Macedonians as the Majority
--Language and education
Relations with other ethnic groups
--The Albanians of Macedonia
--Education and culture
--The growth of Albanian nationalism and the authorities' reaction
--Events in 1990 and 1991
--The Roma and assimilation
8. Macedonians as Minorities
--Oppression and the rise of the 'one-nation' state
--The socio-economic situation
--Other Bulgarian-Macedonian organisations
--Refugees and relations between Greece, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria
--Worsening relations and the rise of Greek nationalism
9. Independent Macedonia
Political relaxation and nationalist expression in 1989 and 1990
Peaceful JNA withdrawal and gaining independence
The name issue
The threat from the north?
The church issue
The Albanian question
The Roma and 'Romanistan'
Other minority groups
Politics--democracy or 'neo-Communism'?
VMRO-DPMNE and the 'defence committees'
10. Conculsion--Whither Macedonia?